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The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀, Karaton Majapahit, Indonesian: Kerajaan Majapahit, Malay: Kerajaan Majapahit, Filipino: Kinaharian ng Majapahit) was a vast archipelagic empire based on the island of Java (modern-day Indonesia) from 1293 to around 1500. Majapahit reached its peak of glory during the era of Hayam Wuruk, whose reign from 1350 to 1389 was marked by conquest which extended through Southeast Asia. His achievement is also credited to his prime minister, Gajah Mada. According to the Nagarakretagama (Desawarñana) written in 1365, Majapahit was an empire of 104 tributaries, stretching from Sumatra to New Guinea; consisting of present-day Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, southern Thailand, Sarawak Republic, Sabah, the Sulu Archipelago, southern Philippines, and East Timor.
Wuruk then moved to solidify his control over the southern Philippines. The Solot Confederation was a vassal empire in the Sulu Archipelago, used as a naval base for the Majapahit military. From Solot, Majapahit began to establish vassal states in the island of Mindanao.
Majapahit was one of the last major empires of the region and is considered to be one of the greatest and most powerful empires in the history of Indonesia and Southeast Asia, one that is sometimes seen as the precedent for Indonesia's modern boundaries. Its influence extended beyond the modern territory of Indonesia, influencing the culture of its former territories which today include the modern territories of Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore and the southern Philippines where its influence is extensive compared to the Hispanized culture of that country.