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Madagascar (1879: Agreement)

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Kingdom of Madagascar
Fanjakanan'i Madagasikara
Timeline: 1879: Agreement

OTL equivalent: Madagascar
Merina Kingdom flag.svg No coa
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Antanarivo
Largest city Antanarivo
Other cities Mahajanga, Mankara, Ambohimanga, Toamasina
Language
  official
 
Malagasy
  others French
Religion
  main
 
Roman Caholicism, Malagasy religion
  others Protestantism, Islamism
Demonym Malagasy
Government Absolute monarchy
King Ramatoatsiantaha
  Royal house: Merina
Area 587,041 km²
Population 2,400,000 
Established 1787
Independence from France
  declared 1915
Annexation to France
  date 1897
Currency Ariary
The Kingdom of Madagascar (Malagasy: Fanjakanan'i Madagasikara; French: Royaume du Madagascar) is an island nation in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa. The main island, also called Madagascar, is the fourth-largest island in the world.

Most archaeologists believe Madagascar was first inhabited sometime between 300 BC and AD 500 by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo and Sulawesi in the Indonesian archipelago. Soon afterward, Bantu migrants crossed the Mozambique Channel, and the population of the island began to mix. Later, Arab and East African migrants were added to the mix. Madagascar was ruled by the local Merina kingdom in the 19th century, and was part of the French colonial empire from 1890 to 1915, when Madagascar became independent and the monarchy was restored. The name of the country was changed to Madagascar in 1938.

Malagasy, the Austronesian language spoken by the vast majority of the population, is the national language and one of the official languages. The primary religions are Malagasy mythology and Christianity, but adherents to other faiths, Islam in particular, are found throughout the country.

Madagascar is home to as many as 12,000 of the world's plant species. Approximately 80% of all plant and animal species found in Madagascar are endemic, including the lemur infraorder of primates, the carnivorous fossa, three bird families and three of the island's six baobab species.

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