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Alternate History

Lutheran Italy

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Intro

The Italian Federation (Italian: Federazione Italiana) or IF is currently a world power that covers the Italian peninsula and surrounding regions. It towers over all countries today as the leading world superpower in economics, military, technology, and living quality. It is the eighth most populous nation on earth following the Russian Federation

In current times it may only cover a portion of Southern Europe, in the late 1950s, it covered over 1/5th of the entire earth as the Imperial Italian Lutheran Empire (Italiana Luterana Empire). During the growth, as well as the height of the vast empire, other superpowers such as Britain, France, Germany, and Russia dubbed the Italian Empire as "Untouchable by our standards"

Roots of Revolt

In the dawn of the 1700s, Italy was a destitute region that mainly consisted of rival city states and small regions that were mostly dominated by other world powers at the time. On top of this, the leaders of the regional states were corrupt, the people were oppressed, and worst of all, they were brutally repressed in the facets of thought, speech, assembly, press, and self defence from their own government.

Some citizens became so fed up, they ended up escaping to bordering lands such as Switzerland, France, The Dalmatia region of Austro-Hungary, and their Austrian Region. The desperate citizens residing in Sicily and Southern Italy would voyage to Tunisia and northern Libya This would prove to be a huge factor in the outcome of the future empire. The Italian population grew immensely in these regions. 

The driving force of the dissatisfaction of the people, however, was the brutal enforcing of Roman Catholicism in every state of the region. People as far up as regional politicians and leaders grew weary of the worsening situation of national, religious and self shame that the corrupt rulers of the region held upon the people.

As Catholicism became hated by the people due to the corruption of the leaders of the denomination, The silent transition to Lutheranism engulfed the entire Italian Peninsula at a very fast rate. This and the dangerous mixture of the hate that the people had for the controlling foreign powers had over the area gave way to what would be a revolt that would catch the eye of the world and change the history.

Revolt

As Luther's word spread into the lives of people all around the Italian Peninsula, they learned of the common goal of all the regional states. Secretly they made unification with each other. A network had now been formed under the grounds of divided Italy, and soon the rebels took action. 

Italian Rebels now started underground arms facilities, newspaper presses, messaging routes, and trade. The Rebels soon grew to a formidable size among Italy. Along with this, the rebels quickly became more organized, powerful, and mobilized, and all rebels knew that the time for action was near.

On 29 June, 1707 the Italian 3rd Rebel Battalion drew together near the town hall of Trieste and shot down the police. Within 20 hours, they had suffered only one death and two wounded men, and had successfully besieged the city's police station. Once the city's police station was captured, the policemen were taken prisoner. The Rebels declared victory at Trieste and flew the new flag over the town hall..

News of the Trieste Revolt reached the Rebels in Palermo. This moved them to take action themselves, and so they did. On 4 July, the Rebels attacked the police of the city who hadn't already affiliated with the rebels, and so victory was declared in Palermo after one day and four deaths. 

Days later, scores of revolts, big and small sprang up over Italy. Soon after the starts of the revolt, the regional armies mobilized against the rebels, and on 30 July, Palermo and Naples were besieged by the Sicilian army. Other cities such as Venice, Rome, Milan, and Turin fell under attack by the oppressive regional armies.

During the onset of the internal war, the rebels were slow to victory in many cities, but morale remained high. In the winter of of 1709, most of the regional leaders knew the war was lost, and so their armies all became caught up in a desperate retreat, topped by economic and military free fall. They were outnumbered fifteen to one throughout Italy. Nearly every major city was in rebel hands, and regional kings soon surrendered. 

Victory

On March 27, 1710, Rebels renounced the former regional kings of Italy, and established the Lutheran Republic of Italy. The vision of a unified, and powerful Italy had come true for many hopeful Italians across the peninsula.

These men knew that other countries would not be content with this change of territory and denomination in their region, so the Italians made a bold move in strengthening their military and securing their borders.

Expansion

     Switzerland, which was now 3/4 Itlian launched a coup d'etas which was successful. It was a goal to be annexed into the new unified Italy, but local Germans and French in Switzerland became aware. France and Germany were to stand off against Italy in Switzerland. Three days after the coup, on 11 August, 1710, Germany and France launched campaigns against Italy. France would attack Italy on the border that they share, while Germany's campaign would involve fighting through Switzerland and even having a potential annexation. The Rhine soldiers would also storm through a section that Austro-Hungary allowed them to move through.

 The Rhine and France had both planned for quick success, but in practice proved to be a dire mistake for both militaries. The French Army had only made it eight miles beyond the border before they started falling back. For the Rhine, they couldn't reach the Swiss border. The Italians launched a minor offensive on the southern border of the German area. A small area of Austro-Hungary was annexed by Italy as a warning. Hapsburg troops were sent to the new border. 

 Italy carved deep into France until Marseilles was completely taken over. The french surrendered the southeast portion of their country to Italy. In Hapsburg, Italians in the Dalmatia Region were losing rights, and suffering unjust persecutions. In September, 1710, Italians were massacred for retaliating against the Hapsburg brutality. The empire now declared war on Italy, but overlooked the fact that Italy's military was already mobilized, while they had yet to mobilize. This mistake wasn't realized until Italy was already invading Dalmatia. Hapsburg had no choice but   to send disorganized, ill-equipped units to defend against the Italians. 

 What prisoners the Hapsburg Troops did capture, were brutally tortured and slain. An enraged Italy now had plans to annihilate the entire empire. Hapsburg agreed to hand over all of Dalmatia and regions just east to Italy. Another Italian acquisition of 1710 was the purchase of Ionian coastal regions controlled by the Ottoman Empire. Their final two acquisitions of 1710 were of North African Ottoman regions that seceded from the Ottoman Empire due to nationalism amongst the people who migrated there from Italy.


  

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