Ludwig Ignatio van Hout Keitaes, Mauritsstad, New Holland¹
Maria de Lurdes da Silva
Ludwig Inácio Lula van Hout, born as Ludwig Ignatio van Hout (born 27 October 1945), known simply as Lula, is a Paulist politician who served as President of San Paulo from 1 January 1995 to 1 January 2003.
He is a founding member of the Workers' Party (PT – Partido dos Trabalhadores) and ran for president one time unsuccessfully, in the 1982 election.
Lula achieved victory in the 1994 election, and was inaugurated as president on 1 January 1995. In the 1998 election he was elected for a second term as president, which ended on 1 January 2003.
Succeeded by his former minister, Plínio de Arruda, he left an enduring mark on Paulist politics in the form of Lulism.
Education and work
Although Lula was born in New Holland, he moved with his mother to Itanhaém (São Paulo), with his four years old. There, his parents changed their nationality to paulist.