Ludwig Inácio 'Lula' van Hout
Timeline: Regnum Bueno

OTL equivalent: Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva

Lula da Silva
Portrait of Ludwig Inácio 'Lula' van Hout

6th President of San Paulo
1 January 1995 – 1 January 2003

Predecessor Leonel Brizola
Successor Plínio de Arruda Sampaio

President of the Workers' Party
1983 – 1993

Predecessor Pedro Ivo Campos
Successor Rui Falcão
Born Ludwig Ignatio van Hout
Keitaes, Mauritsstad, New Holland¹
Spouse Maria de Lurdes da Silva
Political Party Workers' Party
Religion Roman Catholicism
Profession Public speaker


Ludwig Inácio Lula van Hout, born as Ludwig Ignatio van Hout (born 27 October 1945), known simply as Lula, is a Paulist politician who served as President of San Paulo from 1 January 1995 to 1 January 2003.

He is a founding member of the Workers' Party (PT – Partido dos Trabalhadores) and ran for president one time unsuccessfully, in the 1982 election.

Lula achieved victory in the 1994 election, and was inaugurated as president on 1 January 1995. In the 1998 election he was elected for a second term as president, which ended on 1 January 2003.

Succeeded by his former minister, Plínio de Arruda, he left an enduring mark on Paulist politics in the form of Lulism.

Early life

Education and work

Union career

Political career



  1. Although Lula was born in New Holland, he moved with his mother to Itanhaém (São Paulo), with his four years old. There, his parents changed their nationality to paulist.