Lower Canada

Timeline: No Napoleon
Preceded by 1791–1838 Succeeded by
Flag of Great Britain (1707-1800) Flag of the Patriote movement (Lower Canada)
US flag with 26 stars by Hellerick
Flag of the United Kingdom
Flag of Lower Canada
Map of Lower Canada (No Napoleon)
Map of Lower Canada
(and largest city)
Language French, English
Demonym Lower Canadian, Canadian
Government Constitutional monarchy
  legislature Parliament of Lower Canada
Independence from United Kingdom
  declared 10 November 1838
Currency Canadian pound

The Province of Lower Canada (French: Province du Bas-Canada) was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence from 1791 until 1838. It covered much of modern-day Quebec and a small amount of land south of the St. Lawrence River that was later given to the United States.

Lower Canada consisted of part of former French colony of New France, populated mainly by the French, which was ceded to Great Britain after that empire's victory in the Seven Years' War.