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Lowell Weicker (Dewey Defeats Truman)

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Lowell Weicker
40th President of the United States
Assumed office:
January 20, 1989
Left office:
January 20, 1993
Vice President: Paul Laxalt
Preceded by: Henry Jackson
Succeeded by: Al Gore, Jr.
United States Senator from Connecticut
In office:
January 3, 1971 – January 3, 1989
Preceded by: Thomas Dodd
Succeeded by: Joseph Lieberman
Member of the United States House of Representatives from Connecticut's 4th District
In office:
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1971
Preceded by: Donald Irwin
Succeeded by: Stewart McKinney
Born: May 16, 1931 (age 82)

Paris, France

Birth name: Lowell Palmer Weicker, Jr.
Political party: Republican
Spouse(s): Claudia Weicker
Alma mater: Yale University
University of Virginia Law School

Lowell Palmer Weicker, Jr. (born May 16, 1931 ) is an American politician who was the 40th President of the United States, as well as the junior Senator from Connecticut, and a member of the US House of Representatives. Weicker's presidential campaign is also notable for officially clarifying the "natural born citizen" clause of the U.S. Constitution, due to his having been born in Paris, France; in Yeardly v. Weicker, in 1988, the Supreme Court ruled that a child born of at least one American parent overseas retained "natural born citizen" status, and that a "natural born citizen" is defined as one whose citizenship was conferred upon them at birth, regardless of the circumstances of that birth.

Weicker was notable for being the leader of the liberal Republicans during the Muskie and Jackson administrations, opposing both the Vietnam War and Jackson's ratcheting of tension with the Soviet Union. A lifelong secular New Englander, Weicker also led the country's socially liberal faction, and a mixture of antiwar sentiment, exhaustion with the Soviet saber-rattling, and anger at the Jackson administration's unwillingness to budge on its social conservatism led to Weicker's election to the presidency in 1988.

The great triumph of the Weicker administration was the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990, which Weicker refused credit for. Although his foreign policy advances were popular, the economy was beginning to slow down at home, and, in 1992, Weicker lost the White House to Democratic upstart Al Gore, Jr.

After his presidency, Weicker retired to Connecticut, where he taught public policy courses at his alma mater, Yale, and gave speeches.

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