State of Louisiana
État de Louisiane
Léta de la Lwizyàn
Flag of Louisiana Seal of Louisiana
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Bayou State • Child of the Mississippi
Creole State • Pelican State (official)
Sportsman's Paradise • Sugar State
Motto(s): Union, Justice and Confidence
Union, justice, et confiance (French)
Lunyon, Jistis, é Konfyans (Louisiana Creole)
Map of USA LA
Official language(s) De jure: None
De facto: English and French
Demonym Louisianan, Louisianais (French)
Lwizyané(èz) (Creole)
Capital Baton Rouge
Largest city New Orleans[1][2][3]
Largest metro area New Orleans metro area
Area  Ranked 31st in the US
 - Total 51,885 sq mi
(135,382 km2)
 - Width 130 miles (210 km)
 - Length 379 miles (610 km)
 - % water 15
 - Latitude 28° 56′ N to 33° 01′ N
 - Longitude 88° 49′ W to 94° 03′ W
Population  Ranked 25th in the US
 - Total 4,410,796 (2008 est.)[4]
 - Density 102.59/sq mi  (39.61/km2)
Ranked 24th in the US
 - Highest point Driskill Mountain[5]
535 ft  (163 m)
 - Mean 98 ft  (30 m)
 - Lowest point New Orleans[5]
-8 ft  (-2 m)
Admission to Union  April 30, 1812 (18th)
Governor Billy Jindal (R)
Lieutenant Governor Elisabeth Angelle (R)
Legislature State Legislature
  -Upper house State Senate
  -Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Mary Landrieu (D)
Stephanie Clifford (R)
U.S. House delegation 6 Republicans, 1 Democrat (list)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Abbreviations LA US-LA

The state of Louisiana ( /ERROR: Unrecognized input "en-us-Louisiana.ogg"lˌziˈænə/ or  /ERROR: Unrecognized input "en-us-Louisiana-2.ogg"ˌlziˈænə/; French: fr, [lwizjan]  (Speaker Icon listen); Louisiana Creole: Léta de la Lwizyàn) is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are local governments equivalent to counties. The largest parish by population is Jefferson Parish, and the largest by land area is Cameron Parish.

Some Louisiana urban environments have a multicultural, multilingual heritage, being so strongly influenced by an admixture of 18th century French, Spanish and African cultures that they are considered to be somewhat exceptional in the U.S. Before the American influx and statehood at the beginning of the 19th century, the territory of current Louisiana State had been a Spanish and French colony. In addition, the pattern of development included importing numerous Africans in the 18th century, with many from the same region of West Africa, thus concentrating their culture.

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