|Llywelyn III of Wales|
| 23rd Monarch of Wales
|King of Wales|
|Reign||9th Nov 1982 - Present|
|Coronation||30th March 1983|
|Principality of Morgannwg|
|Reign||21st July 1964 - 23rd April 1985|
|Investiture||21st July 1964|
|Predecessor||Arthur II of Glamorgan|
|Successor||Owain II of Glamorgan|
|Consort||Helana Von Saltzberg|
|Issue|| Owain Oldenburg-Morgannwg - Crown Prince of Wales & Prince of Glamorgan
Grace Oldenburg-Morgannwg - Princess of Wales
|Llwelyn Christian Iorwerth Rhisiart Oldenburg-Morgannwg|
|Father||Arthur II of Wales|
|Born|| 20th July 1964 |
Rhandy Brenhinol (Royal Apartments), Castell Caerdydd
Llywelyn is the eldest of Arthur's three children and was the first post war royal to be born to the Royal Family. The Royal Family was in a perilous state. The direct royal line was down to just Arthur himself and his brother, Christian, the Duke of Deheubarth. With the birth of Llywelyn was the glimmer of dynastic stability. The young prince was soon followed by his brother, Iestyn and then Heledd, with the Duke of Deheubarth having a daughter (Catrin). This second generation of royals although separated by 9 years between eldest and youngest were brought up together, partly to foster a family spirit, partly to allow greater protection in a kingdom still troubled by republicanism and with a communist party still looming large in the political circus.
The House of Morgannwg had not had an easy time since coming to power in 1755. The House had spent 43 years at war between the 2nd War of Independence and the Civil War, and even when not at war for its very existence, the House was fighting political wars to retain power and control, with only two of the ten previous monarchs living to see past 50. Llywelyn is currently the joint second longest serving monarch from the House of Morgannwg and joint 6th longest serving monarch (34 years as of 2016) as well as being only the third monarch to move into his fifth decade. The 20th Century had seen already a monarch die early in life to be succeeded by a fascist monarch, whose actions nearly brought the crown to its knees. The post war years then saw two monarchs who between them just managed to cling to their thrones. The challenges facing him at his coronation, whilst not as drastic as those faced by his father were still considerable.
Llywelyn was born in 1964 into a Wales still split by communist simmering hostility, the large American military presence which at times amounted to an occupation, the start of Welsh involvement in the Vietnam war and the ongoing tussle between his father and the Senedd over the Royal Prerogative. All that aside, Llywelyn was born to parents who truly doted on him. At the time of his birth, the House of Morgannwg was reduced to the king and his brother, the Duke of Deheubarth. Although there were the German and Spanish cousins, politically they were unacceptable in terms of the succession and whilst not written out of the line of succession they were rarely thought of. His parents were also deeply in love with each other and this reflected in a warm loving environment, with the Swedish born queen eager to produce a safe family environment to bring their children up in. As a result, most of Llywelyn's early childhood was spent in Palas Senghenydd, far from the main court in Palas Cwm Hyfryd. With his brother Iestyn (1966) the two royal princes spent an idylic childhood isolated in the main from the fractious state of Welsh politics.
The 1970's saw the reemergence of the communist party and the fall of Dafydd Fychan who had been Arthur's political ally since 1956 and the young prince was first seen publically as he started his formal education in Ysgol Abad Fychan Parry and the royal family moved from the Palas Senghenydd to Palas Cwm Hyfryd. Llywelyn would also gain a sister at this time, Heledd (the future dywysoges brenhinol).
The first major intrusion of politics and the weight of the future as the Edling came on the 8th November 1973. The Canghellor, Harri Protheroe, gambling with an election to try and stabilise his government, instead in a night of political frights and shocks saw the Communist Party was returned to power. The week leading up the election had seen poll after poll suggest that the communist party was riding high and as a result, the royal family moved from Palas Cwm Hyfryd to the more secure Castell Caerdydd. The thick walls and the garrison of both the ceremonial Y Warchodlu Frenhinol and the active soldiers of the Llewod Du providing greater security. The rhandy brenhinol was situated in the ancient Norman keep of the castle and gave a vantage over central Caerdydd in addition to being safer than the more modern palace in the city suburbs. The nine year old prince saw his parents that night frantically pacing the floor of the apartment, the king on the phone to various generals and politicians. At midnight, with the first raft of results coming in, the royal flight Sikorsky SH-3 helicopter landed in the grounds of the castell. The queen and royal children boarded and were flown to the naval docks at Aberdaugleddau, where the aircraft carrier Hydd Gwyn was docked. Tu ol-Llyngesydd Hywel Paledrydd (Rear Admiral Paledrydd) was given sealed orders by the accompanying officers from Gwasanaeth Diogelwch (Secret Service) to steam for Naval Station Norfolk with as many ships as would obey his orders if the communist party attempted a full communist revolution. To the young prince, this was an adventure, not understanding why his mother was crying and why his father had not joined them on this adventure.
In the end, the feared rise of the communist party stuttered at the final hurdle. Although returned as the largest party it was short of a majority, needing help from the SDP to form a government. In addition, decades of work by the American's had resulted in a military shorn of communist sympathisers in enough numbers and seniority for the communist party to be able to count on support from that quarter.
The royal family returned to the capital where their absence had largely gone un-noted. The upshot of the election though was to see Llywelyn at the tender age of 9 start upon his royal career. Royal visits were now almost always including of at least one of the royal children. From 1975 onwards, Llywelyn started to make small solo appearances, largely at children's events. From 1975 onwards as well, the public presence of the king lessened. With his increasing illness royal duties fell upon Queen Serena, Llywelyn and Christian, Duke of Deheubarth.
As the eldest son of the monarch, Llywelyn was from birth, the prince of Morgannwg. As a title, it had been little used by Arthur for his son until the advent of the communist government of Gethin Griffiths. After that, Llywelyn was given the full trappings of the office. The full use of Palas Senghenydd, a royal court with the same rights as that of Powys or Gwynedd, and as the boy turned into a teenager, given increasing royal duties.
1975 saw the introduction of the Royal Limitations Act by the communist government which was the first major royal powers legislation since the Great War and the also the first attempt since the dawn of the 20th Century to properly legislate the Welsh political structure. The Act formally acknowledged that the Ty Isod was the primary house of parliament, vested with the majority of the rights of governance. The Act in addition to limiting the powers of the monarch, also formally limited the powers of the Ty Uchaf and the Cyfrin Gyngor (Privy Council). The Act had an impact on the Llysoedd Tywysogaidd (Princely courts) which had not been previously addressed and which still (in law if not in practice) had wide powers over their respective principalities. The effect on Llywelyn was limited due to his age, but was still a further introduction to politics which he had had an early exposure to due to the worries over the co
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Current Line of Succession (As of 2016)
The current line of succession runs according to the amended rules of succesion of descent from King Arthur I of Wales, with direct primogeniture. The rules governing succession were originally altered during the reign of Iago, but they faced fine tuning during both Marged's and Arthur's reign to find their current form.
The revised Succession Act records the following rules for the Royal House of Oldenburg-Morgannwg.
- The rank & title of Prince/Princess of Wales is restricted to the children and grandchildren of the monarch
- If a Great-Grandchild does not have an independent title, they will be allowed to use the courtesy title of "Lord/Lady". However, their children will not be eligible to inheirit the right.
- The Royal House operates a total primogeniture, giving equal rights to females in the line of succession.
- Male line descendants lose the right to the House name of Morgannwg/Oldenburg-Morgannwg at the start of the Great-Grandchild generation in descent from a reigning monarch.
- HRH Owain, Crown Prince of Wales & Prince of Morgannwg
- HRH Prince Gruffydd of Morgannwg
- HRH Princess Elenora of Morgannwg
- HRH Grace, Princess of Wales & Duchess of Amwythig
- HRH Prince Deiniol of Amwythig
- HRH Prince Iestyn, Duke of Senghenydd
- HRH Prince Rhys Oldenburg-Morgannwg of Senghenydd
- HRH Princess Heledd, Princess Royal
- HRH Prince Iwan Beynon of Wales
- HRH Prince Christian, Duke of Deheubarth
- HRH The Princess Catrin (Prior to her marriage she was HRH Princess Catrin of Deheubarth)
- Lord Gwilym Penderyn
- The Lady Buddug Penderyn
- Otto Wittelsbach
- Gabriela-Anke Wittelsbach
- Carl Wittelsbach
- Charles Wittelsbach
- Pedro De Borbon y De Braganza
- Alfonso De Borbon y De Braganza
- Anna Maria De Borbon y De Braganza
- Isabella De Borbon y De Braganza
- Pepe Hernandez
- Miguel De Borbon y De Braganza
- Ferdinand De Borbon y De Braganza
- Xavi Pedro Alfonso De Borbon y De Braganza
- Cystennin Pugh
- Briallen Pugh
- The Lady Catriona Tomosand nee Bren
- Frederick Tomosand
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and Styles
- 20th July 1964 - 9 November 1982: His Royal Highness Prince Llywelyn of Wales
- 14th August 1981 - 9th November 1982: His Royal Highness, Llywelyn, Crown Prince of Wales
- 21st July 1964 - 23rd April 1985: His Royal Highness Prince Llywelyn I of Morgannwg
- 9th November 1982 to Present: His Majesty King Llywelyn III of Wales
Coat of Arms of the King
As king, Llywelyn holds the personal arms of the House of Oldenburg-Morgannwg
|Ancestors of Llywelyn Christian Iorwerth Rhisiart Oldenburg-Morgannwg|