Livonia was a short lived nation in the interbellum period. Originally part of the Russian Empire, the three Baltic states of Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia desired independence. Upon Russia's defeat and Germany's intervention in the Russian Civil War, the three nations were given independence, and in the Treaty of Versailles they were unified into one loose federation. Germany intended to use Livonia as a buffer state and puppet ally against any future Russian aggression. With the three nations still wanting independence, rebellions broke out against German-funded strongmen ruling the nation. Things only worsened when the Great Depression of the 1930s hit. This made Livonia an easy target for Russia in 1940, which invaded and quickly conquered Livonia.