Like its northern neighbors of Latvia and Estonia, Lithuania declared independence following the downfall of the Russian Empire. Absorbed by the USSR, they were conquered by Nazi Germany during the second world war. Ultimately freed by Polish forces, Lithuania was awarded the northern portion of East Prussia (Poland took the southern portion). While not a member of the Warsaw Pact, and in fact at odds with the USSR, Lithuania remains on very good terms with Poland, especially now that Poland has been pulling away from the rest of the Pact.
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