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The Vice President of the Confederate States of America is formally the second highest position within the government of the Confederacy. There have been 25 Vice Presidents from Alexander Stephens to Bill Richardson. Twice there has been a period of time where the office was left vacant. Vice President Stephens first took office on February 11, 1861, but was considered only a provisional Vice President until the 1861 Presidential Election.
The Vice President is elected by an electoral college (closely modeled after the U.S. Electoral College) along with the President. If no candidate wins a majority in the Electoral College, the Confederate Senate elects the Vice President from the top two vote-getters. Candidates for President and Vice President can not be citizens of the same state. Like the President, the Vice President has to be a natural-born citizen of the Confederacy or was a natural-born citizen of the U.S. born prior to December 20, 1860, and a resident in the Confederacy for over 14 years.
The Vice President's duty is presiding over the Confederate Senate and breaking tied votes, as the U.S. Vice President presides and breaks ties in the U.S. Senate. He is also the first person in the line of succession. If the President dies, resigs or is removed from office, the Vice President becomes the new president for the remainder of his term. President Glass is the only Vice President to date to assume the role of President following the death of Champ Clark on March 2, 1921.
The major difference between the U.S. and the Confederate Vice Presidencies is that the term in office was six years long. The President is explicitly forbidden to run for a second term by the constitution, but the Vice President is not. Still, to date no Vice President has ever served more than one term.
|No.||Image||Name||Home State||Took Office||Left Office||Party||President|
|1||Alexander Stephens||Georgia||February 22, 1862||February 21, 1868||No Party/Confederalist||Jefferson Davis|
|2||John H. Reagan||Texas||February 22, 1868||February 21, 1874||Democratic||John C. Breckinridge|
|3||Wade Hampton III||South Carolina||February 22, 1874||February 21, 1880||Democratic||John H. Reagan|
|4||James Longstreet||Louisiana||February 22, 1880||February 21, 1886||Confederalist||Jabez Curry|
|5||Fitzhugh Lee||Virginia||February 22, 1886||February 21, 1892||Confederalist||James Longstreet|
|6||Augustus H. Garland||Arkansas||February 22, 1892||February 21, 1898||Confederalist||Fitzhugh Lee|
|7||Donelson Caffery||Louisiana||February 22, 1898||February 21, 1904||Democratic||Clifton R. Breckinridge|
|8||John H. Bankhead||Alabama||February 22, 1904||February 21, 1910||Confederalist||Furnifold Simmons|
|9||Napoleon Bonaparte Broward||Florida||February 22, 1910||February 21, 1916||Democratic||Woodrow Wilson|
|10||Carter Glass||Virginia||February 22, 1916||March 2, 1921 A||Confederalist||Champ Clark|
|Vacant||March 2, 1921||February 21, 1922||Carter Glass|
|11||Ellison D. Smith||South Carolina||February 22, 1922||February 21, 1928||Confederalist||Carter Glass|
|12||Pat Harrison||Mississippi||February 22, 1928||February 21, 1934||Democratic||Joseph T. Robinson|
|13||Harry F. Byrd||Virginia||February 22, 1934||February 21, 1940||Confederalist||John N. Garner|
|14||Harry S. Truman||Missouri||February 22, 1940||February 21, 1946||Democratic||James F. Byrnes|
|15||Alben W. Barkley||Kentucky||February 22, 1946||February 21, 1952||Democratic||Harry S. Truman|
|16||Fielding Wright||Mississippi||February 22, 1952||May 4, 1956 D||Confederalist||Strom Thurmond|
|Vacant||May 4, 1956||February 21, 1958||Strom Thurmond|
|17||Lyndon B. Johnson||Texas||February 22, 1958||February 21, 1964||Democratic||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|18||Russell B. Long||Louisiana||February 22, 1964||February 21, 1970||Democratic||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|19||A.B. "Happy" Chandler||Kentucky||February 22, 1970||February 21, 1976||Confederalist||George C. Wallace|
|20||Mo Udall||Arizona||February 22, 1976||February 21, 1982||Democratic||Jimmy Carter|
|21||Howard H. Baker||Tennessee||February 22, 1982||February 21, 1988||Confederalist||John B. Connally|
|22||James B. Edwards||South Carolina||February 22, 1988||February 21, 1994||Confederalist||Howard H. Baker|
|23||Al Gore||Tennessee||February 22, 1994||February 21, 2000||Democratic||Bill Clinton|
|24||Fred Thompson||Tennessee||February 22, 2000||February 21, 2006||Confederalist||John McCain|
|25||Bill Richardson||New Mexico||February 22, 2006||February 21, 2012||Democratic||John Edwards|
|26||Mike Huckabee||New Mexico||February 22, 2012||Incumbant||Confederalist||Rick Perry|
- D Died in office of natural causes.
- A Assumed the role of Acting President.