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This is a list of Russian Tsars since Nicholas II the Peacemaker. The current Tsar is Alexander V, having ascended upon the death of his father Nicholas IV in Petrograd, 2001.
The Tsar has lost much of his direct power after the Constitutional Reforms of 1991.
The Tsars have followed a constant killed-died pattern, meaning that one Tsar is killed, his successor dies naturally. This has lead the children of Alexander V to worry greatly, especially his son, Nicholas, who is to succeed him as Nicholas V and to die if the pattern continues. The pattern is regarded to be interrupted when Constantine III abdicated for his older brother. However, he is not counted as a Tsar by the majority, although the "Two Tsars" movement has caught on.
House of Romanov
- Nikolay Aleksandrovich Romanov, Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and Grand Prince of Finland (title removed after Finnish War), the Peacemaker (posthumous title), reigned 1894 to 1933.
- Alexei Nikolayevich Romanov, Alexander IV, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, Grand Prince of Finland (after World War II), the Patriot (posthumous title), reigned 1933 to 1954.
- Nikolay Alexeyevich Romanov, Nicholas III, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, Grand Prince of Finland, the Bold (posthumous title), reigned 1954 to 1964.
- Konstantin Nikolayevich Romanov, Constantine II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, Grand Prince of Finland, the Encourager (posthumous title), reigned 1964 to 1989.
- `Mikhail Nikolayevich Romanov, Michael II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, Grand Prince of Finland, First Regent for Nicholas IV, regency January to March 1989.
- `Konstantin Konstantinovich Romanov, Constantine III, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, Grand Prince of Finland, Second Regent for Nicholas IV and the Stablizer (posthumous title), regency March 1989, reigned March to December 1989.
- Nikolay Konstantinovich Romanov, Nicholas IV, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, Grand Prince of Finland, the Reformer (posthumous title), reigned December 1989 to 2001.
- Aleksander Nikolayevich Romanov, Alexander V, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, Grand Prince of Finland and of Poland (after 2005), reign since 2001.
` indicates that person was not and is not counted as a Tsar. Above pattern mentioned does continue, although only Tsar Nicholas IV recognized his brother and uncle as Tsars.
Ways of Acension
- Nicholas II ascended when his father died.
- Alexander IV ascended when his father was assassinated.
- Nicholas III ascended when his father died.
- Constantine II ascended when his father was assassinated.
- Michael II was not supposed to ascend, but did after his brother, Constantine II died. The reason the title of Tsar did not pass to Nicholas IV, the eldest son of Constantine II, was because he was severely ill at the time and believed that he was going to die.
- Constantine III ascended for the same reasons as Michael II, although Michael II abdicated on the grounds that since his brother had four sons, the title should go to his next son. Constantine held the throne for ten months until his brother made a full recovery in December of 1989. He abdicated in favor of his brother. One year after his abdication, he suffered a cardiac arrest, upon which a man shot him, saying that he wanted to ease the pain for the former Tsar.
- Nicholas IV ascended when his brother abdicated.
- Alexander V ascended when his father died.