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The Rulers of Hesse are usually dated from Hesse's emergence from Thuringia after the War of Thuringian Succession.

Hesse

House of Hesse
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Henry I (1264-1308)
Otto I (1308-1328)
John (1308-1311)
Otto II (1328-1370)

Lower Hesse (Kassel)

House of Hesse
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Louis I (1370-1399)
William I (1399-1425)
William II (1425-1436)
Henry III (1436-1478)
William III (1478-1487)
Philip the Good (1487-1542)

Upper Hesse (Marburg)

House of Hesse
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Louis II (1399-1440)
Henry II (1440-1488)
Louis III (1488-1512)
Henry IV (1512-1515)

Reunited with Lower Hesse under Philip the Good

Hesse (Reunited)

House of Hesse
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Philip I the Good (1487-1542)

Division into Hesse-Marburg, Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt

Hesse-Marburg

House of Hesse-Marburg
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Henry V (1542-1570)
Louis IV (1570-1574)

Hesse-Marburg is inherited by Hesse-Darmstadt after First Hessian War (1574-1580)

Hesse-Kassel

House of Hesse-Kassel
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Christopher I (1542-1580)

Hesse-Kassel is divided into Kassel and Rotenburg

Hesse-Kassel

House of Hesse-Kassel
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Christopher II (1580-1602)
William IV (1602-1629)

Hesse-Rotenburg

House of Hesse-Rotenburg
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
William George (1580-1605)

Hesse-Kassel (Reunited)

House of Hesse-Kassel
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
William IV (1602-1629)
Charles I (1629-1663)
Christopher III (1663-1685)
Charles II (1685-1704)
Frederick I (1704-1709)
William V Constantine (1709-1736)
Ernest (1736-1755)
Leopold I (1755-1779)
Leopold II (1779-1806)
William VI Otto (1806-1833)
Charles III (1833-1884)
Charles IV (1884-1899)
Leopold III (1899-1928)
Frederick II (1928-1950)
Christopher IV (1950-1985)
Leopold IV (1985-2009)
William VII Philip (2009-)

Hesse-Darmstadt

House of Hesse-Darmstadt
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Philip II (1542-1581)
William IV (1581-1603)
William V (1603-1620)
Philip III (1620-1636)
George I (1636-1677)
Louis V (1677-1702)
George II (1702-1725)
George III (1725-1760)
George IV (1760-1779)
Louis VI (1779-1828)
George V (1828-1850)
Frederick I (1850-1884)
Christian (1884-1902)
Frederick II Jacob (1902-1947)
Frederick III William (1947-1963)
George VI (1963-)

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