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List of Rulers of Hamburg (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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König (King) of the Kingdom of Hamburg
Wappen der Hamburgischen Bürgerschaft
House Seal of Hamburg
Incumbent
Friedrich V von Hamburg

since 1913
Style His/Her Majesty
Residence Duke William Palace, Hamburg
Term length Life
Inaugural holder Prince Henry II "the Mild" (as Principality)

Duke William "the Victorious" (as Duchy)

King Friedrich II (as Kingdom)
Formation 1405 (as Principality)
1435 (as Duchy)
1792 (as Kingdom)
Succession Hereditary

This is a list of the people who have presided over the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and its successors.

Titles and Styles

Full titles: by the Grace of God, King of Hamburg, King of Hanover, King of Westphalia, King of Prussia, King of Cuba, King of New Rugia, Duke of Mecklenburg, Duke of Holstein, Duke of Hesse, Duke of Schleswig, Duke of Vorpommern, Lord of Münster, Bremen, Magdeburg, Lübeck, and Frankfurt, First among Peers, Sovereign of the Order of Friedrich the Great, King of the Saxons, Angles, Wends, and old Prussians, Defender of the Realm and its People

Shortened titles: by the Grace of God, King of the United German Kingdoms, First among Peers, Sovereign of the Order of Friedrich the Great, King of the Saxons, Angles, Wends, and old Prussians, Defender of the Realm and its People

Description

Kingly titles: the monarch serves as the head-of-state of the United German Kingdoms, and as such is the King of each of the component kingdoms (Hamburg, Hanover, Westphalia, Prussia, Cuba, and New Rugia). The monarch is listed as "King of" each state in the full title, used for treaties, agreements, and major legislation, but is shortened to "King of the United German Kingdoms" for regular matters.

Ducal titles: since the ascension of Hamburg to a Kingdom in 1792, many of the Comital titles were promoted to Ducal ones. Many of these titles are awarded out to other lords (or, much more rarely, a common citizen of outstanding character) but the Crown retains a number of them. But the ones given priority in the full title are those who where independent duchies, but came into Hamburgs fold either through inheritance or conquest.

Lordship titles: the Lorship titles are reserved for the cities that were once either free cities or ecclesiastical states, signifying special protection over them.

"First among Peers": this title is used to show that the monarch remains at the top of the hierarchical nobility, known as the Peerage. It is also worth noting that this does not make the monarch the head of the House of Lords, that falls to his Speaker of the Lords, a Lord who is trusted and liked by both the monarch and at least two-thirds of the Peers. The Speaker of the Lords is granted the title "Second among Peers, First below the King".

"Sovereign of the Order of Friedrich the Great": this signifies the Monarchs position as the head of the Knighly Order of Friedrich the Great. Lower ranked members also have their rank in it added to their titles.

"King of the Saxons, Angles, Wends, and old Prussians": these landless titles are meant to show Hamburgs domain over the lands occupied by these medieval tribes, and its rule of their descendants in Hamburgs territory. There is a commonly held conception that two of the names, the Saxons and Angles, are there to keep alive the House of Hamburgs claim to the Empire if Britannia, as they were two of the major Germanic tribes that settled England and gave rise to its Anglo-Saxon era.

"Defender of the Realm and its People": the last, but by no means least, title tasks the Hamburgian monarch with the defense of the lands, and more importantly, the citizens who live in it.

The Kings Oath

Introduced by King Friedrich IV upon the ascension of the Hamburg Dukes to Kings, the King's Oath is the final step in the succession process. Given by the Archbishop of Hamburg during the coronation (but before the crowning), its purpose is to remind the new monarch of his (or after 1845, her) duties and responsibilities as such. Though no one yet has refused to take the King's Oath, it is written that those who do are forbidden from being crowned, and are not included in the timeline of rulers. The Oath itself is modified to reflect the titles of the King, and references the sections of it (see above for those sections) as well as demanding several others.

The oath, as given during the most recent coronation (that of King Mary), goes as follows:

Archbishop of Hamburg: "Do you, (Name of heir, minus royal titles), swear to serve and govern the Kingdoms of Hamburg, Hanover, Westphalia, Prussia, Cuba, and New Rugia as their King, to the best of your ability?"
Heir: "I swear."
Archbishop of Hamburg: "Do you swear to put aside your personal ambition, and to act only in the interest of the citizens of the United Kingdoms?"
Heir: "I swear."
Archbishop of Hamburg: "Do you swear to guard, as their Lord, the Free Cities and the Archbishoprics of your realm?"
Heir: "I swear."
Archbishop of Hamburg: "Do you swear to be the Lord of the peers sworn to you, and serve as their leader?"
Heir: "I swear."
Archbishop of Hamburg: "Do you swear to be the sovereign the Order of Friedrich the Great needs, and to command them when duty so needs?"
Heir: "I swear."
Archbishop of Hamburg: "Do you swear to defend the realm and its people, to serve and protect them as if they were your own children, to be their King no matter if they worship as you do or not, to be the shield who guards them from harm, and the sword who strikes back at those who wish to do that harm?"
Heir: "With God as my witness, so I swear."
Archbishop of Hamburg: "Then by the power invested in me by God, and his representative on Earth, the Pope, I name you (Regnal name, followed by the assorted titles, that is followed by putting the crown on the head of the new King)."

Princes of Hamburg

After the devastating invasion by the UNC, the mayor's position was raised to that of Prince.

Image Name Life Succession Ceased to be Ruler Relation to Predecessor
Henry 1355-1418 1403 1418 Grandson of Robert I
William 1392-1475 1418 1435 (as Prince) Son of Henry

Dukes of Hamburg

The City of Hamburg was consolidated with the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1435 to form the Duchy of Hamburg.

Image Name Life Succession Ceased to be Ruler Relation to Predecessor
William I 1392-1475 1435 (as Duke) 1475 Son of Henry
Friedrich I
the Great
1457-1505 1475 1505 Son of William
Adelheid  ??-?? 1505 1515 Wife of Friedrich
MagnusISaLauenb Friedrich II 1500-1568 1515 1568 Son of Friedrich and Adelheid
Friedrich III 1550-1569 1568 1569 Son of Friedrich II
Otto I 1513-1597 1569 1597 First cousin once removed of Friedrich III
Karl I 1544-1620 1597 1620 Son of Otto I
Karl II 1604-1679 1620 1679 Son of Karl I
Otto II 1660-1728 1679 1728 Grandson of Karl II
Friedrich IV 1716-1793 1728 1792 (as Duke) Grandnephew of Otto II

Kings of Hamburg

Image Name Life Succession Ceased to be Ruler Relation to Predecessor
Friedrich IV 1716-1793 1792 (as King) 1793
Wilhelm II 1753-1831 1793 1831 Son of Friedrich IV
Ferdinand 1789-?? 1831 1843 Grandson of Wilhelm II
Sophia I
the Just
1789-1852 1843 1852 Sister of Ferdinand
Karl III 1809-1856 1852 1856 Son of Sophia
Ferdinand II 1812-1856 1856 1856 Brother of Karl III
Mary I 1839-1913 1856 1913 Daughter of Karl III
Friedrich V 1875- 1913 Incumbent Son of Mary I

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