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List of Presidents of the United States (WFAC)

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Seal Of The President Of The Unites States Of America

This a List of Presidents of the United States. The President of the United States is the head of state and the head of government of the United States. As chief of the executive branch and head of the federal government as a whole, the Presidency is the highest political official position in the United States by influence and recognition. The President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. armed forces. The President is indirectly elected to a four year term by an Electoral College. Since the ratification of the Twenty-second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1951, no person may be elected to the office of the President more than twice.

List of Presidents

Parties
  No party
  Federalist
  Democratic-Republican
  Democratic
  Whig
  Republican
No.
[n 1]
President Took office Left office Party Term
[n 1]
Vice President
1 George Washington George Washington
(1732–1799)
April 30, 1789 March 4, 1797 no party 1 (1789)   John Adams
2 (1792)
2 Adamstrumbull John Adams
(1735–1826)
March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 Federalist 3 (1796) Thomas Jefferson
3 Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800 Thomas Jefferson
(1743–1826)
March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 Democratic-
Republican
4 (1800) Aaron Burr
5 (1804) George Clinton
4 James Madison James Madison
(1751–1836)
March 4, 1809 March 4, 1817 Democratic-
Republican
6 (1808) George Clinton[n 2]
March 4, 1809 – April 20, 1812
vacant[n 3]
April 20, 1812 – March 4, 1813
7 (1812) Elbridge Gerry[n 2]
April 20, 1812 – March 4, 1813
March 4, 1813 – November 23, 1814
vacant[n 3]
November 23, 1814 – March 4, 1817
5 Jm5 James Monroe
(1758–1831)
March 4, 1817 March 4, 1825 Democratic-
Republican
8 (1816) Daniel D. Tompkins
9 (1820)
6 John Quincy Adams by GPA Healy, 1858 John Quincy Adams
(1767–1848)
March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829 Democratic-
Republican
10 (1824) John C. Calhoun
7 Andrew jackson head Andrew Jackson
(1767–1845)
March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 Democratic 11 (1828) John C. Calhoun[n 4]
April 20, 1812 – March 4, 1813
March 4, 1829 – December 28, 1832
vacant[n 3]
December 28, 1832 – March 4, 1833
12 (1832) [[Martin Van Buren
8 Mb8 Martin Van Buren
(1782–1862)
March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841 Democratic 13 (1836) Richard Mentor Johnson
9 William Henry Harrison by James Reid Lambdin, 1835 William Henry Harrison
(1773–1841)
March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841
[n 2]
Whig 14 (1840) John Tyler
10
[n 5]
WHOportTyler John Tyler
(1790–1862)
April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 Whig
April 4, 1841 – September 13, 1841
vacant[n 3]
No party[n 6]
September 13, 1841 – March 4, 1845
11 James Knox Polk by GPA Healy, 1858 James K. Polk
(1795–1849)
March 4, 1845 March 4, 1849 Democratic 15 (1844) George M. Dallas
12 Zachary Taylor by Joseph Henry Bush, c1848 Zachary Taylor
(1784–1850)
March 4, 1849 July 9, 1850
[n 2]
Whig 16 (1848) Millard Fillmore
13 Millard Fillmore by George PA Healy, 1857 Millard Fillmore
(1800–1874)
July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853 Whig vacant[n 3]
14 Franklin Pierce by GPA Healy, 1858 Franklin Pierce
(1804–1869)
March 4, 1853 March 4, 1857 Democratic 17 (1852) William R. King[n 2]
March 4, 1853 – April 18, 1853
vacant[n 3]
April 18, 1853 – March 4, 1857
15 JamesBuchanan crop James Buchanan
(1791–1868)
March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 Democratic 18 (1856) John C. Breckinridge
16 Lincoln by George H Story c1915 Abraham Lincoln
(1809–1865)
March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865
[n 7]
Republican 19 (1860) Hannibal Hamlin
Republican
National Union[n 8]
20 (1864) Andrew Johnson
17 Andrew Johnson portrait Andrew Johnson
(1808–1875)
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Democratic
National Union;[n 8]
No party[n 9]
vacant
[n 3]
18 Ug18 Ulysses S. Grant
(1822–1885)
March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 Republican 21 (1868) Schuyler Colfax
22 (1872) Henry Wilson[n 2]
March 4, 1873 – November 22, 1875
vacant[n 3]
November 22, 1875 – March 4, 1877
19 Rhayes Rutherford B. Hayes
(1822–1893)
March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 Republican 23 (1876) William A. Wheeler
20 James Garfield portrait James A. Garfield
(1831–1881)
March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881
[n 7]
Republican 24 (1880) Chester A. Arthur
21 Chester A Arthur by Daniel Huntington crop Chester A. Arthur
(1829–1886)
September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 Republican vacant[n 3]
22 Grover Cleveland portrait Grover Cleveland
(1837–1908)
March 4, 1885 March 4, 1889 Democratic 25 (1884) Thomas A. Hendricks[n 2]
March 4, 1885 – November 25, 1885
vacant[n 3]
November 25, 1885 – March 4, 1889
23 Benjamin Harrison by Eastman Johnson (1895) Benjamin Harrison
(1833–1901)
March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893 Republican 26 (1888) Levi P. Morton
24 Grover Cleveland 2 Grover Cleveland
(1837–1908)
March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 Democratic 27 (1892) Adlai Stevenson I
25 Official White House portrait of William McKinley William McKinley
(1843–1901)
March 4, 1897 September 14, 1901
[n 7]
Republican 28 (1896) Garret Hobart[n 2]
March 4, 1897 – November 21, 1899
vacant[n 3]
November 21, 1899 – March 4, 1901
29 (1900) Theodore Roosevelt
26 Theodore Roosevelt portrait Theodore Roosevelt
(1858–1919)
September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909 Republican vacant[n 3]
30 (1904) Charles W. Fairbanks
27 William H. Taft William Howard Taft
(1857–1930)
March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 Republican 31 (1908) James S. Sherman[n 2]
March 4, 1909 – October 30, 1912
vacant[n 3]
October 30, 1912 – March 4, 1913
28 Ww28 Woodrow Wilson
(1856–1924)
March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 Democratic 32 (1912) Thomas R. Marshall
33 (1916)
29 Wh29 Warren G. Harding
(1865–1923)
March 4, 1921 August 2, 1923
[n 2]
Republican 34 (1920) Calvin Coolidge
30 Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge
(1872–1933)
August 2, 1923 March 4, 1929 Republican vacant[n 3]
35 (1924) Charles G. Dawes
31 Herbert Clark Hoover by Greene, 1956 Herbert Hoover
(1874–1964)
March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Republican 36 (1928) Charles Curtis
32 Franklin Roosevelt - Presidential portrait Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1882–1945)
March 4, 1933 (1933-03-04) April 12, 1945 (1945-04-12)
[n 2]
Democratic 37 (1932)
[n 10]
John Nance Garner
38 (1936)
39 (1940) Henry A. Wallace
40 (1944) Harry S. Truman
33 HarryTruman Harry S. Truman
(1884–1972)
April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 Democratic vacant[n 3]
41 (1948) Alben W. Barkley

1949 - 1953

34 Dwight D. Eisenhower Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1890–1969)
January 20, 1953 January 20, 1961
[n 11]
Republican 42 (1952) Richard Nixon
43 (1956)
35 John F. Kennedy John F. Kennedy
(1917–1988)
20 January 1961 20 January 1969 Democratic 44 (1960) Lyndon B. Johnson
45 (1964)
36 Richard Nixon Richard Nixon
(1913–1994)
January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974
[n 4]
Republican 46 (1968) Spiro Agnew[n 4]
January 20, 1969 – October 10, 1973
47 (1972)
vacant[n 3]
October 10, 1973 – December 6, 1973
Gerald Ford
December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974
37 Gerald R. Ford Gerald Ford
(1913–2006)
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Republican vacant[n 3]
August 9, 1974 – December 19, 1974
Nelson Rockefeller
December 19, 1974 – January 20, 1977
38 James E. Carter 2 Jimmy Carter
(1924– )
January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981 Democratic 48 (1976) Walter Mondale
39 Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan
(1911–2004)
January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 Republican 49 (1980) George H. W. Bush
50 (1984)
40 George H. W. Bush George H. W. Bush
(1924– )
20 January 1989 20 January 1993 Republican 51 (1988) Dan Quayle
41 Bill Clinton Bill Clinton
(1946– )
20 January 1993 20 January 2001 Democratic 52 (1992) Al Gore
53 (1996)
42 John McCain 2001 John McCain
(1936– )
20 January 2001 20 January 2009 Republican 54 (2000) John Danforth
55 (2004)
43 President Hillary Clinton Hillary Rodham Clinton
(1947– )
20 January 2009 Incumbent Democratic 56 (2008) Joe Biden
57 (2012)
44 President Barack Obama President-elect
Barack Obama
(1961– )
Beginning

20 January 2017

Democratic 58 (2016) Tim Kaine

Living former presidents

As of October 2015, there are four living former presidents:

President Term of office Date of birth
Jimmy Carter 1977–1981 October 1, 1924 (1924-10-01) (age 92)
George H. W. Bush 1989–1993 June 12, 1924 (1924-06-12) (age 92)
Bill Clinton 1993–2001 August 19, 1946 (1946-08-19) (age 70)
John McCain 2001–2009 August 29, 1936 (1936-08-29) (age 80)

The most recent death of a former president was that of Gerald Ford (1974–1977) on December 26, 2006.

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 For the purposes of numbering, a presidency is defined as an uninterupted period of time in office served by one person. For example, George Washington served two consecutive terms and is counted as the first president (not the first and second). Upon the resignation of 37th president Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford became the 38th president even though he simply served out the remainder of Nixon's second term and was never elected to the presidency in his own right. Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd president and the 24th president, his two terms having been non-consecutive. A period during which a vice-president temporarily becomes Acting President under the Twenty-fifth Amendment is not a presidency, because the president remains in office during such a period.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Died in office of natural causes.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 Prior to ratification of the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1967, there was no mechanism by which a vacancy in the Vice Presidency could be filled. Richard Nixon was the first president to fill such a vacancy under the provisions of the Twenty-fifth Amendment when he appointed Gerald Ford. Ford later became the second president to fill a vice presidential vacancy when he appointed Nelson Rockefeller to succeed him.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Resigned.
  5. Being the first vice president to assume the presidency, Tyler set a precedent that a vice president who assumes the office of president becomes a fully functioning president who has his own presidency, as opposed to just a caretaker president. His political opponents attempted to refer to him as "Acting President", but he refused to allow that. The Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution put Tyler's precedent into the Constitution.
  6. Former Democrat who ran for Vice President on Whig ticket. Clashed with Whig congressional leaders and was expelled from the Whig party in 1841.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Assassinated.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson were, respectively, a Republican and a Democrat who ran on the National Union ticket in 1864.
  9. Andrew Johnson did not identify with the two main parties while president and tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union label. His failure to build a true National Union Party left Johnson without a party.
  10. This term was shortened by 43 days due to the Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution going into effect, moving inauguration day from March 4 to January 20.
  11. Dwight Eisenhower is the first president to have been legally prohibited by the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution from seeking a third term.

See also


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