Adolf Hitler

Führer und Reichskanzler Adolf Hitler.

A number of presidential offices have existed in Germany since the abolition of the imperial monarchy in 1918. During the 1919-1933 Weimar Republic the head of state was the Reichspräsident (Reich President). Upon the death of Paul von Hindenburg on August 2, 1934 the office was abolished. Instead the offices of Reichskanzler (Reich Chancellor) and Reichspräsident was merged by the now Nazi-controlled Reichstag and Hitler was reinstalled with the new title Führer und Reichskanzler, formally making Hitler Germany's Head of State as well as Head of Government respectively; and, in practice, the Dictator of the German Reich.

Führer was the title granted by Chancellor Hitler to himself by the Enabling Law which gave him supreme power in the German Reichstag. Nazi Germany cultivated the Führerprinzip (leader principle), and Hitler was generally known as just der Führer ("the Leader"). One of the Nazis' most-repeated political slogans was Ein Volk, Ein Reich, Ein Führer' - 'One People, One Empire, One Leader'.

For military matters, Hitler used the style Führer und Oberster Befehlshaber der Wehrmacht ('Leader and Supreme Commander of the Wehrmacht').

No. Name Took office Left office Party
1.Friedrich Ebert11 February 191928 February 1925 (died in office) Social Democratic Party of Germany
2.Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg12 May 19252 August 1934 (died in office) (None)
3.Adolf Hitler2 August 1934 - National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP)

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