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List of Popes (Principia Moderni III Map Game)

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Chronological list of Popes

1st–5th centuries

1st century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
1 33 – 64/67 Pope-peter pprubens St Peter
PETRUS
Simon Peter Bethsaida, Galilea, Syria (Roman province), Roman Empire Apostle of Jesus Christ from whom he received the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, according to Matthew 16:18–19. Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (Feast of Saints Peter and Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Saint Peter) 22 February. Recognized by the Catholic Church as the first Bishop of Rome appointed by Christ. Also revered as saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 29 June.
2 64/67(?) – 76/79(?) Linus2 St Linus
LINUS
Linus Tuscia Feast day 23 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.
3 76/79(?) – 88/92 Popeanacletus St Anacletus
(Cletus)
ANACLETUS
Anacletus Rome Martyred; feast day 26 April. Once erroneously split into Cletus and Anacletus
4 88/92 – 97 San Clemente de Roma St Clement I
CLEMENS
Clement Rome Feast day 23 November. Issued 1 Clement which is said to be the basis of apostolic authority for the clergy. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 November.
5 97/99 – 105/107 Pope Evaristus St Evaristus
EVARISTUS
Aristus Bethlehem, Judea Said to have divided Rome into parishes, assigning a priest to each. Feast day of 26 October.

2nd century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
6 105/107 – 115/116 Pope Alexander I St Alexander I
ALEXANDER
Alexander Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 16 March.
7 115/116 – 125 Raphael - Saint Sixtus St Sixtus I
XYSTUS
Xystus Rome Feast day of 6 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
8 125 – 136/138 Telesphorus St Telesphorus
TELESPHORUS
Telesphorus Terranova da Sibari, Calabria  
9 136/138 – 140/142 Hyginus St Hyginus
HYGINUS
Hyginus Athens, Greece Traditionally martyred; feast day 11 January
10 140/142 – 155 Pope Pius I St Pius I
PIUS
Pius Aquileia, Friuli Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July. Decreed that Easter should only be celebrated on a Sunday.
11 155–166 Papa Aniceto cropped St Anicetus
ANICETUS
Anicitus Emesa, Syria Traditionally martyred; feast day 17 April. Decreed that priests are not allowed to have long hair.
12 c. 166 – 174/175 Soter St Soter
SOTERIUS
Soter Fondi, Latium Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April. Declared that marriage was valid as a sacrament blessed by a priest; formally inaugurated Easter as an annual festival in Rome.
13 174/175 – 24 May 189 Eleutherius St Eleuterus
ELEUTHERIUS
Eleuther Nicopoli, Epirus Greece Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
14 189 – 198/199 Victor I. St Victor I
VICTOR
Victor Roman Africa Known for excommunicating Theodotus of Byzantium. Quartodecimanism controversy.
15 199–20 December 217

(18 years+)

Saintz05 St Zephyrinus
ZEPHYRINUS
Zephyrinus Rome  

3rd century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
16 c. 217 – 222/223 Pope Callixtus I St Callixtus I
CALLISTUS
Callistus Iberian Peninsula Martyred; feast day 14 October
17 222/223 – 230 UrbanI St Urban I
URBANUS
Urban Rome Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 25 May.
18 21 July 230
– 28 September 235
(&00000000000000050000005 years, &000000000000006900000069 days)
Pope Pontian Illustration St Pontian
PONTIANUS
Pontianus Rome First to abdicate after exile to Sardinia by Emperor Maximinus Thrax. The Liberian Catalogue records his death on 28 September 235, the earliest exact date in Papal history.
19 21 November 235
– 3 January 236
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &000000000000004300000043 days)
Pope Anterus St Anterus
ANTERUS
Anterus Petilia Policastro - Calabria Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
20 10 January 236
– 20 January 250
(&000000000000001400000014 years, &000000000000001000000010 days)
Saint Fabian1 St Fabian
FABIANUS
Fabianus Rome Feast day 20 January. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 5 August.
21 6/11 March 251
– June 253
(2 years+)
Heiliger Cornelius St Cornelius
CORNELIUS
Cornelius Rome Died a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
22 25 June 253
– 5 March 254
(256 days)
Pope Lucius I St Lucius I
LUCIUS
Lucius Rome Feast day 4 March
23 12 May 254
– 2 August 257
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &000000000000008200000082 days)
Pope Stephen I St Stephen I
STEPHANUS
Stephanus Rome Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with the same feast day.
24 30/31 August 257
– 6 August 258
(340/341 days)
Pope Sixtus II St Sixtus II
XYSTUS Secundus
Sixtus Greece Martyred by beheading. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 10 August.
25 22 July 259
– 26 December 268
(&00000000000000090000009 years, &0000000000000157000000157 days)
Pope Dionysius St Dionysius
DIONYSIUS
Dionysius Greece Feast day 26 December
26 5 January 269
– 30 December 274
(&00000000000000050000005 years, &0000000000000890000000890 days)
PopeFelixI St Felix I
FELIX
Felix Rome  
27 4 January 275
– 7 December 283
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000337000000337 days)
Pope Eutychian St Eutychian
EUTYCHIANUS
Eutychianus Tuscany  
28 17 December 283
– 22 April 296
(&000000000000001200000012 years, &0000000000000127000000127 days)
Pope Caius I St Caius
CAIUS
Gaius Salona, Dalmatia Martyred (according to legend) Feast day 22 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 11 August.
29 30 June 296
– 1 April 304
(&00000000000000070000007 years, &0000000000000276000000276 days)
Pope Marcellinus St Marcellinus
MARCELLINUS
Marcellinus Rome Feast day 26 April. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 7 June.

4th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
30 308–309 Papa Marcelo I St Marcellus I
MARCELLUS
  Italia Banished from Rome under Maxentius (309).
31 18 April – 17 August 309 or 310 PopeEusebius St Eusebius
EUSEBIUS
  Sardinia Banished by the emperor Maxentius and died in exile.
32 2 July 311
– 10 January 314
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000192000000192 days)
Pope miltiades St Miltiades
(Melchiades)
MILTIADES
  Africa First pope after the end of the persecution of Christians through the Edict of Milan (313 AD) issued by Constantine the Great. Presided over the Lateran council of 313.
33 31 January 314
– 31 December 335
(&000000000000002100000021 years, &0000000000000334000000334 days)
Sylvester I St Sylvester I
SILVESTER
  Sant'Angelo a Scala, Avellino Feast day 31 December. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 2 January. First Council of Nicaea (325). Under him was built: the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Santa Croce in Gerusalemme and Old St. Peter's Basilica. Donation of Constantine.
34 18 January 336
– 7 October 336
(263 days)
Pope Mark St Mark
MARCUS
  Rome Feast day 7 October
35 6 February 337
– 12 April 352
(&000000000000001500000015 years, &000000000000006600000066 days)
Pope Julius I St Julius I
IULIUS
  Rome Arian controversy. Credited with splitting the birth of Christ into two distinct celebrations: The Epiphany stayed on the traditional date, and the Nativity was added on 25 December.
36 17 May 352
– 24 September 366
(&000000000000001400000014 years, &0000000000000130000000130 days)
Pope Liberius Liberius
LIBERIUS
  Rome Earliest pope not yet canonized by the Roman Catholic Church. Revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 27 August.
37 1 October 366
– 11 December 384
(&000000000000001800000018 years, &000000000000007100000071 days)
Damasoc St Damasus I
DAMASUS
  Idanha-a-Velha, Portugal Patron of Jerome, commissioned the Vulgate translation of the Bible. Council of Rome (382).
38 11 December 384
– 26 November 399
(&000000000000001400000014 years, &0000000000000350000000350 days)
Pope Siricius St Siricius
Papa SIRICIUS
  Rome
39 27 November 399
– 19 December 401
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &000000000000002200000022 days)
Pope Anastasius I St Anastasius I
Papa ANASTASIUS
  Rome Instructed priests to stand and bow their head as they read from the Gospels.

5th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
40 22 December 401
– 12 March 417
(&000000000000001500000015 years, &000000000000008000000080 days)
Pope Innocent I St Innocent I
Papa INNOCENTIUS
  Albano, Latium Visigoth Sack of Rome (410) under Alaric
41 18 March 417
– 26 December 418
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000283000000283 days)
Pope Zosimus St Zosimus
Papa ZOSIMUS
  Mesoraca, Calabria  
42 28 December 418
– 4 September 422
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &0000000000000250000000250 days)
Pope Boniface I Illustration St Boniface I
Papa BONIFATIUS
  Rome  
43 10 September 422
– 27 July 432
(&00000000000000090000009 years, &0000000000000321000000321 days)
Pope Celestine I St Celestine I
Papa COELESTINUS
  Rome, Western Roman Empire Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 8 April.
44 31 July 432
– 18 August 440
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &000000000000001800000018 days)
Pope Sixtus III St Sixtus III
Papa SIXTUS Tertius
  Rome  
45 29 September 440
– 10 November 461
(&000000000000002100000021 years, &000000000000004300000043 days)
Herrera mozo San León magno Lienzo. Óvalo. 164 x 105 cm. Museo del Prado St Leo I
(Leo the Great)
Papa LEO MAGNUS
  Rome Convinced Attila the Hun to turn back his invasion of Italy. Wrote the Tome which was instrumental in the Council of Chalcedon and in defining the hypostatic union. Feast day 10 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 18 February.
46 19 November 461
– 29 February 468
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &0000000000000102000000102 days)
Nuremberg chronicles - Hilarius, Pope (CXXXVIv) St Hilarius
Papa HILARIUS
Hilarius Sardinia  
47 3 March 468
– 10 March 483
(&000000000000001500000015 years, &00000000000000070000007 days)
Sansimpliciopapa St Simplicius
Papa SIMPLICIUS
Simplicius Tivoli]  
48 13 March 483
– 1 March 492
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000354000000354 days)
Felix3 St Felix III (Felix II)
Papa FELIX Tertius (Secundus)
Felice Rome Sometimes called Felix II
49 1 March 492
– 21 November 496
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &0000000000000265000000265 days)
Pope Gelasius I St Gelasius I
Papa GELASIUS
Gelasius Africa The last pope to have been born on the continent of Africa.
50 24 November 496
– 19 November 498
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000360000000360 days)
Pope Anastasius II Anastasius II
Papa ANASTASIUS Secundus
Anastasius Rome Tried to end the Acacian schism but it resulted in the Laurentian schism.
51 22 November 498
– 19 July 514
(&000000000000001500000015 years, &0000000000000239000000239 days)
Simmaco - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura St Symmachus
Papa SYMMACHUS
Simmaco Sardinia  

6th–15th centuries

6th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
52 20 July 514
– 19 July 523
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000364000000364 days)
Pope Hormisdas Illustration St Hormisdas
Papa HORMISDAS
Hormisdas Frosinone, Southern Latium Father of Pope Silverius. Acacian schism.
53 13 August 523
– 18 May 526
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000278000000278 days)
Papa Ioannes I St John I
Papa IOANNES
Giovanni Toscana  
54 13 July 526
– 22 September 530
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000007100000071 days)
Mosaic of Felix IV (III) in Santi Cosma e Damiano, Rome, Italy (527–530) St Felix IV (Felix III)
Papa FELIX Quartus (Tertius)
Felice Samnium Sometimes called Felix III. Built Santi Cosma e Damiano.
55 22 September 530
– 17 October 532
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &000000000000002500000025 days)
Pope Boniface II Boniface II
Papa BONIFATIUS Secundus
Bonifacio Rome to Ostrogoth parents  
56 2 January 533
– 8 May 535
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000126000000126 days)
Pope John II John II
Papa IOHANNES Secundus
Mercurio Rome First pope to not use his personal name. This was due to Mercury being a Roman god.
57 13 May 535
– 22 April 536
(346 days)
Agapitus I St Agapetus I
Papa AGAPITUS
Agapito Rome, Ostrogothic Kingdom Feast days 22 April 20 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 17 April.
58 1 June 536
– 11 November 537
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000163000000163 days)
Silverius2 St Silverius
Papa SILVERIUS
Silverius Italia Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
59 29 March 537
– 7 June 555
(&000000000000001800000018 years, &000000000000007000000070 days)
Pope Vigilius Vigilius
Papa VIGILIUS
  Rome  
60 16 April 556
– 4 March 561
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &0000000000000322000000322 days)
Pope Pelagius I Illustration Pelagius I
Papa PELAGIUS
  Rome Credited with the construction of the basilica of Santi Apostoli.
61 17 July 561
– 13 July 574
(&000000000000001200000012 years, &0000000000000361000000361 days)
Pope John III John III
Papa IOANNES Tertius
Catelinus Rome, Eastern Roman Empire  
62 2 June 575
– 30 July 579
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000005800000058 days)
Pope Benedict I Benedict I
Papa BENEDICTUS
  Italia  
63 26 November 579
– 7 February 590
(&000000000000001000000010 years, &000000000000007300000073 days)
Pope Pelagius II Pelagius II
Papa PELAGIUS Secundus
  Rome Ordered the construction of the Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura.
64 3 September 590
– 12 March 604
(&000000000000001300000013 years, &0000000000000191000000191 days)
Gregorythegreat St Gregory ]
(Gregory the Great)
Papa GREGORIUS MAGNUS
Gregorio
O.S.B.
Rome The first to formally employ the titles Servus servorum Dei and Pontifex Maximus. Established the Gregorian chant. Feast day 3 September. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 12 March. Known as "the Father of Christian Worship". Known as "St. Gregory the Dialogist" in Eastern Orthodoxy.

7th Century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
65 13 September 604
– 22 February 606
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000162000000162 days)
Pope Sabinian Sabinian
Papa SABINIANUS
  Blera  
66 19 February 607
– 12 November 607
(267 days)
Pope Boniface III Boniface III
Papa BONIFATIUS Tertius
Bonifacio Rome  
67 25 August 608
– 8 May 615
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &0000000000000256000000256 days)
Pope Boniface IV St Boniface IV
Papa BONIFATIUS Quartus
Bonifacio
O.S.B.
Marsi First pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
68 19 October 615
– 8 November 618
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &000000000000002000000020 days)
Adeodatus I (Deusdedit I) St Adeodatus I
(Deusdedit)
Papa ADEODATUS sive DEUSDEDIT
  Rome Sometimes called Deusdedit, as a result Pope Adeodatus II is sometimes called Pope Adeodatus without a number. The first Pope to use lead seals on Papal documents, which in time came to be called Papal bulls.
69 23 December 619
– 25 October 625
(&00000000000000050000005 years, &0000000000000306000000306 days)
Pope Boniface V Boniface V
Papa BONIFATIUS Quintus
Bonifacio Naples  
70 27 October 625
– 12 October 638
(&000000000000001200000012 years, &0000000000000350000000350 days)
Onorio I - mosaico Santa Agnese fuori le mura Honorius I
Papa HONORIUS
Onorio Campania, Byzantine Empire Named a heretic and anathematized by the Third Council of Constantinople (680)
71 28 May 638
– 2 August 640
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &000000000000006600000066 days)
Pope Severinus Severinus
Papa SEVERINUS
Severino Rome  
72 24 December 640
– 12 October 642
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000292000000292 days)
Pope John IV John IV
Papa IOANNES Quartus
  Zadar, Dalmatia, Byzantine Empire
73 24 November 642
– 14 May 649
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &0000000000000171000000171 days)
Pope Theodore I Theodore I
Papa THEODORUS
  Jerusalem The last Israeli pope. Planned the Lateran Council of 649], but died before it could open.
74 21 July 649
– 16 September 655
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &000000000000005700000057 days)
Pope Martin I St Martin I
Papa MARTINUS
Martino Near Todi, Umbria, Byzantine Empire Feast day of 12 November. Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 14 April.
75 10 August 654
– 1 June 657
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000295000000295 days)
Pope Eugene I St Eugene I
Papa EUGENIUS
Eugenio Rome  
76 30 July 657
– 27 January 672
(&000000000000001400000014 years, &0000000000000181000000181 days)
Pope Vitalian Illustration St Vitalian
Papa VITALIANUS
  Segni, Byzantine Empire  
77 11 April 672
– 17 June 676
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000006700000067 days)
Pope Adeodatus II Illustration Pope Adeodatus II
Papa ADEODATUS Secundus
unknown
O.S.B.
Rome, Byzantine Empire Sometimes called Pope Adeodatus (without a number) in reference to Pope Adeodatus I sometimes being called Pope Deusdedit. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
78 2 November 676
– 11 April 678
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000160000000160 days)
Dono I Donus
Papa DONUS
  Rome, Byzantine Empire  
79 27 June 678
– 10 January 681
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000197000000197 days)
Pope Agatho St Agatho
Papa AGATHO
  Sicily Also revered as a saint in Eastern Christianity, with a feast day of 20 February.
80 17 August 682
– 28 June 683
(315 days)
Pope Leo II St Leo II
Papa LEO Secundus
Leo Sicily Feast day 3 July
81 26 June 684
– 8 May 685
(317 days)
Pope Benedict II St Benedict II
Papa BENEDICTUS Secundus
Benedetto Rome, Byzantine Empire Feast day 7 May
82 12 July 685
– 2 August 686
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &000000000000002100000021 days)
Pope John V John V
Papa IOANNES Quintus
  Syria  
83 21 October 686
– 22 September 687
(335 days)
Pope Conon Conon
Papa CONON
  Sicily  
84 15 December 687
– 8 September 701
(&000000000000001300000013 years, &0000000000000267000000267 days)
Pope Sergius I St Sergius I
Papa SERGIUS
  Sicily  

8th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
85 30 October 701
– 11 January 705
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &000000000000007300000073 days)
Pope John VI John VI
Papa IOANNES Sextus
  Greece  
86 1 March 705
– 18 October 707
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000231000000231 days)
Byzantinischer Mosaizist um 705 002 John VII
Papa IOANNES Septimus
  Rossano, Calabria The second pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor.
87 15 January 708
– 4 February 708
(21 days)
Pope Sisinnius Sisinnius
Papa SISINNIUS
  Syria  
88 25 March 708
– 9 April 715
(&00000000000000070000007 years, &000000000000001500000015 days)
Pope Constantine Constantine
Papa COSTANTINUS sive CONSTANTINUS
  Syria Last pope to visit Greece while in office.
89 19 May 715
– 11 February 731
(&000000000000001500000015 years, &0000000000000268000000268 days)
Pope Gregory II St Gregory II
Papa GREGORIUS Secundus
Gregorio Rome, Byzantine Empire Feast day 11 February. Held the Synod of Rome (721).
90 18 March 731
– 28 November 741
(&000000000000001000000010 years, &0000000000000255000000255 days)
Pope Gregory III Illustration St Gregory III
Papa GREGORIUS Tertius
  Syria The third pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor. Was previously the last pope to have been born outside Europe until the election of Francis in 2013.
91 3 December 741
– 22 March 752
(&000000000000001000000010 years, &0000000000000110000000110 days)
Pope Zachary Illustration St Zachary
Papa ZACHARIAS
  Santa Severina - Calabria Feast day 15 March. Built the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva.
(never consecrated) 23 March 752
– 25 March 752
(Never took office as pope)
Pope-elect Stephen Pope-elect Stephen
Papa Electus STEPHANUS
    Sometimes known as Stephen II. Died three days after his election; never receiving episcopal consecration. Some lists still include him. The Vatican sanctioned his addition in the sixteenth century; removed in 1961. He is no longer considered a pope by the Catholic Church.
92 26 March 752
– 26 April 757
(&00000000000000050000005 years, &000000000000003100000031 days)
Pope Stephen II Stephen II (Stephen III)
Papa STEPHANUS Secundus (Tertius)
  Rome Sometimes called Stephen III. The Donation of Pepin.
93 29 May 757
– 28 June 767
(&000000000000001000000010 years, &000000000000003000000030 days)
Pope Paul I St Paul I
Papa PAULUS
Paolo Rome  
94 7 August 767
– 24 January 772
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &0000000000000170000000170 days)
Pope Stephen III Stephen III (Stephen IV)
Papa STEPHANUS Tertius (Quartus)
Stefano Sicily Sometimes called Stephen IV. The Lateran Council (769).
95 1 February 772
– 26 December 795
(&000000000000002300000023 years, &0000000000000328000000328 days)
Pope Adrian I Illustration Adrian I
Papa HADRIANUS
Adriano Rome  
96 26 December 795
– 12 June 816
(&000000000000002000000020 years, &0000000000000169000000169 days)
Leo III St Leo III
Papa LEO Tertius
Leo Rome Crowned Charlemagne Imperator Augustus on Christmas Day, 800, thereby initiating what would become the office of Holy Roman Emperor requiring the imprimatur of the pope for its legitimacy.

9th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at election / death or resigned
  1. years as pope
Notes
97 12 June 816
– 24 January 817
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &0000000000000226000000226 days)
Pope Stephen IV Stephen IV (Stephen V)
Papa STEPHANUS Quartus (Quintus)
Stephanus Rome   <1 Sometimes called Stephen V.
98 25 January 817
– 11 February 824
(&00000000000000070000007 years, &000000000000001700000017 days)
Pope Paschalis I. in apsis mosaic of Santa Prassede in Rome St Paschal I
Papa PASCHALIS
Pasquale Rome   7 Credited with finding the body of Saint Cecilia in the Catacomb of Callixtus, building the basilica of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere and the church of Santa Maria in Domnica.
99 8 May 824
– August 27 827
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &0000000000000111000000111 days)
Pope Eugene II Eugene II
Papa EUGENIUS Secundus
Eugenio Rome   3  
100 31 August 827
– 10 October 827
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &000000000000004000000040 days)
Pope Valentine Valentine
Papa VALENTINUS
Valentino Rome   <1  
101 December 827
– 25 January 844
(17 years+)
Pope Gregory IV Gregory IV
Papa GREGORIUS Quartus
Gregorio Rome   17 Rebuilt the atrium of St. Peter’s Basilica and in the newly decorated chapel transferred the body of Gregory I.
102 25 January 844
– 7 January 847
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000347000000347 days)
Pope Sergius II Illustration Sergius II
Papa SERGIUS Secundus
  Rome   3  
103 27 January 847
– 17 July 855
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000171000000171 days)
Pope St. Leo IV St Leo IV
Papa LEO Quartus
Leo
O.S.B.
Rome   8 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
104 29 July 855
– 7 April 858
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000252000000252 days)
Pope Benedict III Illustration Benedict III
Papa BENEDICTUS Tertius
Benedetto Rome      
105 24 April 858
– 13 November 867
(&00000000000000090000009 years, &0000000000000203000000203 days)
NicholasI St Nicholas I
(Nicholas the Great)
Papa NICOLAUS MAGNUS
Niccolò Rome   9  
106 14 December 867
– 14 December 872
(&00000000000000050000005 years, &00000000000000000000000 days)
Pope Adrian II Adrian II
Papa HADRIANUS Secundus
Adriano Rome   5  
107 14 December 872
– 16 December 882
(10 years, 2 days)
Pope John VIII Illustration John VIII
Papa IOANNES Octavus
Giovanni Rome   10  
108 16 December 882
– 15 May 884
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000151000000151 days)
Pope Marinus I Marinus I
Papa MARINUS
Marino Gallese, Rome   1  
109 17 May 884
– July 885
(1 year+)
Pope Adrian III St Adrian III
Papa HADRIANUS Tertius
Adriano Rome      
110 September 885
– 14 September 891
(4 years+)
Pope Stephen V Stephen V (Stephen VI)
Papa STEPHANUS Quintus (Sextus)
Stefano Rome     Sometimes called Stephen VI.
111 19 September 891
– 4 April 896
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &0000000000000198000000198 days)
Pope Formosus Formosus
Papa FORMOSUS
Formoso Ostia   4 Posthumously ritually executed following the Cadaver Synod.
112 4 April 896
– 19 April 896
(15 days)
Pope Boniface VI Boniface VI
Papa BONIFATIUS Sextus
Bonifacio Rome   <1  
113 22 May 896
– 14 August 897
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &000000000000008400000084 days)
Pope Stephen VI Stephen VI (Stephen VII)
Papa STEPHANUS Sextus (Septimus)
Stefano Rome   1 Sometimes called Stephen VII. Held the infamous Cadaver Synod.
114 August 897 – November 897 Pope Romanus Illustration Romanus
Papa ROMANUS
Romano Gallese, Rome   <1  
115 December 897 - 20 December 897 Pope Theodore II Theodore II
Papa THEODORUS Secundus
Teodoro Rome   <1  
116 January 898
– January 900
(2 years+)
Pope John IX John IX
Papa IOANNES Nonus
Giovanni
O.S.B.
Tivoli     Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
117 1 February 900
– July 903
(3 years+)
Pope Benedict IV Illustration Benedict IV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quartus
Benedetto Rome      

10th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Age at election / death or resigned
  1. years as pope
Notes
118 July 903 – September 903 Pope Leo V Illustration Leo V
Papa LEO Quintus
Leo Ardea   <1  
119 29 January 904
– 14 April 911
(&00000000000000070000007 years, &000000000000007500000075 days)
SergiusIII Sergius III
Papa SERGIUS Tertius
Sergio Rome   7 "Saeculum obscurum" begins. The first pope to be depicted with the Papal Tiar.
120 April 911 – June 913 Pope Anastasius III Illustration Anastasius III
Papa ANASTASIUS Tertius
  Rome   2  
121 July/August 913 – 25 February 914 Pope Lando Lando
Papa LANDUS
Lando Sabina   <1  
122 March 914 – May 928 Pope John X Illustration John X
Papa IOANNES Decimus
Giovanni Romagna   14  
123 June 928 – February 929 Pope Leo VI Illustration Leo VI
Papa LEO Sextus
Leo Rome   <1  
124 February 929 – 15 March 931 Pope Stephen VII Stephen VII (Stephen VIII)
Papa STEPHANUS Septimus (Octavus)
Stefano Rome   2 Sometimes called Stephen VIII.
125 February/March 931 – December 935 Ioannes XI John XI
Papa IOANNES Undecimus
Giovanni Rome   4  
126 3 January 936
– 13 July 939
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &0000000000000191000000191 days)
Pope Leo VII Leo VII
Papa LEO Septimus
Leo
O.S.B.
Rome   3 Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
127 14 July 939 – October 942 Pope Stephen VIII Stephen VIII (Stephen IX)
Papa STEPHANUS Octavus (Nonus)
Stephan Rome   3 Sometimes called Stephen IX.
128 30 October 942
– 10 May 946
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &0000000000000192000000192 days)
Pope Marinus II Marinus II
Papa MARINUS Secundus
Marino Rome   3  
129 10 May 946
– 8 December 955
(&00000000000000090000009 years, &0000000000000212000000212 days)
Pope Agapetus II Illustration Agapetus II
Papa AGAPITUS Secundus
Agapito Rome   9  
130 16 December 955
– 14 May 964
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000150000000150 days)
Pope John XII John XII
Papa IOANNES Duodecimus
Octavian Rome   8 Deposed in 963 by Emperor Otto invalidly; end of the "Saeculum obscurum".
131 22 May 964
– 23 June 964
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &000000000000003200000032 days)
Pope Benedict V Benedict V
Papa BENEDICTUS Quintus
  Rome   <1 Elected by the people of Rome, in opposition to the Antipope Leo VIII who was appointed by Emperor Otto; he accepted his own deposition in 964 leaving Leo VIII as the sole pope.
132 July 964 – 1 March 965 Pope Leo VIII Leo VIII
Papa LEO Octavus
  Rome   <1 Appointed antipope by Emperor Otto in 963 in opposition to John XII and Benedict V. He became the true pope after Benedict V was deposed.
133 1 October 965
– 6 September 972
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &0000000000000341000000341 days)
Pope John XIII John XIII
Papa IOANNES Tertius Decimus
  Rome   6 Chronicled after his death as "the Good".
134 19 January 973
– June 974
(1 year+)
Pope Benedict VI Benedict VI
Papa BENEDICTUS Sextus
  Rome, Papal States   1 Deposed and murdered.
135 October 974 – 10 July 983 Pope Benedict VII Illustration Benedict VII
Papa BENEDICTUS Septimus
  Rome   8  
136 December 983 – 20 August 984 Pope John XIV Illustration John XIV
Papa IOANNES Quartus Decimus
Pietro Campanora Pavia   <1  
137 August 985
– March 996
(8 years+)
Pope John XV Illustration John XV
Papa IOANNES Quintus Decimus
John Rome   10  
138 3 May 996
– 18 February 999
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000291000000291 days)
Pope Gregory V Gregory V
Papa GREGORIUS Quintus
Bruno of Carinthia Germany, Holy Roman Empire   2 First German Pope
139 2 April 999
– 12 May 1003
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000004000000040 days)
Pope Sylvester II Sylvester II
Papa SILVESTER Secundus
Gerbert d'Aurillac Auvergne region of France   4 The first French pope.

11th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
140 June 1003
– 6 December 1003
Pope John XVII John XVII
Papa IOANNES Septimus Decimus
Siccone Rome, Papal States  
141 25 December 1003
– July 1009
(5 years+)
Pope John XVIII John XVIII
Papa IOANNES Duodevicesimus
Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus Rapagnano, Papal States  
142 31 July 1009
– 12 May 1012
(2 years, 286 days)
Sergius IV Sergius IV
Papa SERGIUS Quartus
Pietro Boccapecora Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
143 18 May 1012
– 9 April 1024
(11 years, 327 days)
Pope Benedict VIII Benedict VIII
Papa BENEDICTUS Octavus
Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
144 April/May 1024
– 20 October 1032
(8 years+)
Pope John XIX John XIX
Papa IOANNES Undevicesimus
Romanus, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
145 20 October 1032 – 31 December 1044

(12 years, 72 days)

Pope Benedict IX Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 1st Term
146 1 January 1045 - 31 March 1045

(0 years, 89 days)

Silvestro3 Sylvester III
Papa SILVESTER Tertius
John, Bishop of Sabina Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope; deposed at the Council of Sutri.
147 1 April 1045 – 10 November 1045

(0 years, 223 days)

Pope Benedict IX Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
148 10 November 1045– 23 December 1046

(1 year, 43 days)

B Gregor VI Gregory VI
Papa GREGORIUS Sextus,
Johannes Gratianus Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Deposed at the Council of Sutri
149 24 December 1046
– 9 October 1047

(0 years, 289 days)

ClemensII Clement II
Papa CLEMENS Secundus
Suidger Hornburg, Duchy of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire Appointed by Henry III at the Council of Sutri; crowned Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor.
150 November 1047 – 17 July 1048 Pope Benedict IX Benedict IX
Papa BENEDICTUS Nonus
Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire 3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
151 17 July 1048
– 9 August 1048
(0 years, 23 days)
Pope Damasus II Damasus II
Papa DAMASUS Secundus
Poppo Pildenau, Duchy of Bavaria, Holy Roman Empire  
152 12 February 1049
– 19 April 1054
(5 years, 66 days)
Leon IX St Leo IX
Papa LEO Nonus
Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg Eguisheim, Swabia, Holy Roman Empire In 1054, mutual excommunications of Leo IX and Patriarch of Constantinople Michael I Cerularius began the East–West Schism. The anathematizations were rescinded during the reconciliation of Churches.
153 13 April 1055
– 28 July 1057
(2 years, 106 days)
Pope Victor II Victor II
Papa VICTOR Secundus
Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg Kingdom of Germany, Holy Roman Empire  
154 2 August 1057
– 29 March 1058
(0 years, 241 days)
B Stephan IX Stephen IX (Stephen X)
Papa STEPHANUS Nonus (Decimus)
Frédéric de Lorraine, O.S.B. Duchy of Lorraine, Holy Roman Empire Sometimes called Stephen X. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
155 6 December 1058
– 27 July 1061
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000233000000233 days)
Papa Nicolau II Nicholas II
Papa NICOLAUS Secundus
Gérard de Bourgogne Château de Chevron, Kingdom of Arles In 1059 the College of Cardinals was designated the sole body of pope electors in he document In nomine Domini. (Papal conclave).
156 30 September 1061
– 21 April 1073
(&000000000000001100000011 years, &0000000000000203000000203 days)
Papa Alexandre II Alexander II
Papa ALEXANDER Secundus
Anselmo da Baggio Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Authorised the Norman conquest of England in 1066.
157 22 April 1073
– 25 May 1085
(&000000000000001200000012 years, &000000000000003300000033 days)
Pope Gregory VII St Gregory VII
Papa GREGORIUS Septimus
Hildebrand
O.S.B.
Sovana, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Initiated the Gregorian Reforms. Restricted the use of the title "Papa" to the Bishop of Rome. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Political struggle with German Emperor Henry IV, who had to go to Canossa (1077).
158 24 May 1086
– 16 September 1087
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000115000000115 days)
Pope Victor III Bl. Victor III
Papa VICTOR Tertius
Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius
O.S.B.
Benevento, Duchy of Benevento Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
159 12 March 1088
– 29 July 1099
(&000000000000001100000011 years, &0000000000000139000000139 days)
Pope Urban II Bl. Urban II
Papa URBANUS Secundus
Odo of Lagery, O.S.B. Lagery, County of Champagne, France Preached and started the First Crusade. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
160 13 August 1099
– 21 January 1118
(&000000000000001800000018 years, &0000000000000161000000161 days)
Pope Paschal II Paschal II
Papa PASCHALIS Secundus
Raniero
O.S.B.
Bleda, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Ordered the building of the basilica of Santi Quattro Coronati.

12th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
161 24 January 1118
– 28 January 1119
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &00000000000000040000004 days)
Pope Gelasius II Gelasius II
Papa GELASIUS Secundus
Giovanni Coniulo, O.S.B. Gaeta, Principality of Capua Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
162 2 February 1119
– 13 December 1124
(&00000000000000050000005 years, &0000000000000315000000315 days)
Pope Callixtus II Bl. Callixtus II
Papa CALLISTUS Secundus
Guido, Comte de Bourgogne Quingey, County of Burgundy, Holy Roman Empire Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
163 15 December 1124
– 13 February 1130
(&00000000000000050000005 years, &000000000000006000000060 days)
Pope Honorius II Honorius II
Papa HONORIUS Secundus
Lamberto Scannabecchi, Can.Reg. Fiagnano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Maria di San Reno. Approved the new military order of the Knights Templar in 1128.
164 14 February 1130
– 24 September 1143
(&000000000000001300000013 years, &0000000000000222000000222 days)
B Innozenz II Innocent II
Papa INNOCENTIUS Secundus
Gregorio Papareschi, Can.Reg. Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of Lateran; Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
165 26 September 1143
– 8 March 1144
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &0000000000000164000000164 days)
Pope Celestine II Celestine II
Papa COELESTINUS Secundus
Guido Città di Castello, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
166 12 March 1144
– 15 February 1145
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &0000000000000340000000340 days)
B Lucius II Lucius II
Papa LUCIUS Secundus
Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso, Can.Reg. Bologna, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular of S. Frediano di Lucca
167 15 February 1145
– 8 July 1153
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000143000000143 days)
B Eugen III Bl. Eugene III
Papa EUGENIUS Tertius
Bernardo da Pisa, O.Cist. Pisa, Republic of Pisa, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Order of Cistercians. Announced the Second Crusade.
168 8 July 1153
– 3 December 1154
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000148000000148 days)
B Anastasius IV Anastasius IV
Papa ANASTASIUS Quartus
Corrado Demetri della Suburra Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
169 4 December 1154
– 1 September 1159
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &0000000000000271000000271 days)
Pope Adrian IV Adrian IV
Papa HADRIANUS Quartus
Nicholas Breakspear, Can.Reg. Abbots Langley, Hertfordshire, Kingdom of England First and only English pope; purportedly granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England. Canon Regular of St. Rufus Monastery .
170 7 September 1159
– 30 August 1181
(&000000000000002100000021 years, &0000000000000357000000357 days)
B-Alexander III1 Alexander III
Papa ALEXANDER Tertius
Rolando Siena, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
171 1 September 1181
– 25 November 1185
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000008500000085 days)
Pope Lucius III Lucius III
Papa LUCIUS Tertius
Ubaldo Lucca, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
172 25 November 1185
– 19 October 1187
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000328000000328 days)
B Urban III Urban III
Papa URBANUS Tertius
Uberto Crivelli Cuggiono, Italy, Holy Roman Empire  
173 21 October 1187
– 17 December 1187
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &000000000000005700000057 days)
B Gregor VIII Gregory VIII
Papa GREGORIUS Octavus
Alberto di Morra, Can.Reg. Benevento, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canon Regular Premostratense. Proposed the Third Crusade
174 19 December 1187
– 20 March 1191
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &000000000000009100000091 days)
A08 CLEMENTE III Clement III
Papa CLEMENS Tertius
Paolo Scolari Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
175 21 March 1191
– 8 January 1198
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &0000000000000293000000293 days)
Celestin III Celestine III
Papa COELESTINUS Tertius
Giacinto Bobone Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
176 C o a Innocenzo III 8 January 1198
– 16 July 1216
(&000000000000001800000018 years, &0000000000000190000000190 days)
Innozenz3 Innocent III
Papa INNOCENTIUS Tertius
Lothario dei Conti di Segni Gavignano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215. Initiated the Fourth Crusade, yet later distanced himself from it, and threatened any participants with excommunication, when it became clear that the leadership of the Crusade was abandoning a focus on capturing the Holy Land, and instead intended to sack Christian Cities.

13th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
177C o a Onorio IV 18 July 1216
– 18 March 1227
(&000000000000001000000010 years, &0000000000000243000000243 days)
B Honorius III3 Honorius III
Papa HONORIUS Tertius
Cencio Savelli Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Initiated the Fifth Crusade.
178C o a Innocenzo III 19 March 1227
– 22 August 1241
(&000000000000001400000014 years, &0000000000000156000000156 days)
PopeGregoryIX Gregory IX
Papa GREGORIUS Nonus
Ugolino dei Conti di Segni, O.F.S Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Canonized Elisabeth of Hungary, 1235. Initiated the Inquisition in France.
179C o a Celestino IV 25 October 1241
– 10 November 1241
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &000000000000001600000016 days)
B Colestin IV Celestine IV
Papa COELESTINUS Quartus
Goffredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Died before coronation.
180C o a Adriano V 25 June 1243
– 7 December 1254
(&000000000000001100000011 years, &0000000000000165000000165 days)
A14 INNOCENZO IV Innocent IV
Papa INNOCENTIUS Quartus
Sinibaldo Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire Convened the First Council of Lyons (1245).
181C o a Innocenzo III 12 December 1254
– 25 May 1261
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &0000000000000164000000164 days)
B Alexander IV Alexander IV
Papa ALEXANDER Quartus
Rinaldo dei Conti di Jenne Jenne, Papal States Established an Inquisition in France.
182C o a Urbano IV 29 August 1261
– 2 October 1264
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &000000000000003400000034 days)
Pope Urban IV Urban IV
Papa URBANUS Quartus
Jacques Pantaléon Troyes, County of Champagne, France Instituted the feast of Corpus Christi (1264).
183C o a Clemente IV 5 February 1265
– 29 November 1268
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &0000000000000298000000298 days)
Papst Clemens IV Clement IV
Papa CLEMENS Quartus
Gui Faucoi Saint-Gilles, Languedoc, France  
N/A 29 November 1268
– 1 September 1271
Sede vacante Interregnum Almost 3 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
184C o a Gregorio X 1 September 1271
– 10 January 1276
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &0000000000000131000000131 days)
B Gregor X Bl. Gregory X
Papa GREGORIUS Decimus
Tebaldo Visconti, O.F.S Piacenza, Italy, Holy Roman Empire Convened the Second Council of Lyons (1274).
185C o a Innocenzo V 21 January 1276
– 22 June 1276
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &0000000000000153000000153 days)
InnocenzoV Bl. Innocent V
Papa INNOCENTIUS Quintus
Pierre de Tarentaise, O.P. County of Savoy, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Dominican Order.
186C o a Adriano V 11 July 1276
– 18 August 1276
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &000000000000003800000038 days)
Papa Adriano V Adrian V
Papa HADRIANUS Quintus
Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Republic of Genoa, Holy Roman Empire  
187C o a Giovanni XXI 8 September 1276
– 20 May 1277
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &0000000000000254000000254 days)
B Johannes XXI John XXI
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Primus
Pedro Julião (a.k.a. Petrus Hispanus and Pedro Hispano) Lisbon, Portugal Due to a confusion over the numbering of popes named John in the 13th century, there was no John XX. There has never been a John XX, because the 20th pope of this name formerly when elected, decided to skip the number XX and be counted as John XXI instead. He wanted to correct what in his time was believed to be an error in the counting of his predecessors John XV to XIX
188C o a Niccolo III 25 November 1277
– 22 August 1280
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000271000000271 days)
NicholasIII pope Nicholas III
Papa NICOLAUS Tertius
Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
189C o a Martino IV 22 February 1281
– 28 March 1285
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000003400000034 days)
B Martin IV Martin IV
Papa MARTINUS Quartus
Simon de Brion Meinpicien, Touraine, France  
190C o a Onorio IV 2 April 1285
– 3 April 1287
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &00000000000000010000001 day)
PopeOnorioIV Honorius IV
Papa HONORIUS Quartus
Giacomo Savelli Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire  
191C o a Niccolo IV 22 February 1288
– 4 April 1292
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000004200000042 days)
NicholasIV Nicholas IV
Papa NICOLAUS Quartus
Girolamo Masci, O.F.M. Lisciano, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Member of the Franciscan Order.
N/A 4 April 1292
– 5 July 1294
Sede vacante Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
192C o a Celestino V 5 July 1294
– 13 December 1294
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &0000000000000161000000161 days)
Celestinus quintus St Celestine V
Papa COELESTINUS Quintus
Pietro da Morrone, O.S.B. Sant'Angelo Limosano, Kingdom of Sicily One of the few popes who resigned. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict. Founded the Celestines.
193C o a Bonifacio VIII 24 December 1294
– 11 October 1303
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000291000000291 days)
Bonifatius viii papst Boniface VIII
Papa BONIFATIUS Octavus
Benedetto Caetani Anagni, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire Formalized the Jubilee in 1300. Issued the 1302 bull, Unam Sanctam, which proclaimed Papal supremacy and pushing it to its historical extreme.

14th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
194C o a Benedetto XI 22 October 1303
– 7 July 1304
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &0000000000000259000000259 days)
B Benedikt XI Bl. Benedict XI
Papa BENEDICTUS Undecimus
Niccolò Boccasini, O.P. Treviso Member of the Dominican Order. Reverted Unam Sanctam.
195C o a Clemente V 5 June 1305
– 20 April 1314
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000319000000319 days)
Papa Clemens Quintus Clement V
Papa CLEMENS Quintus
Bertrand de Got Villandraut, Gascony, France Pope at Avignon. Convened the Council of Vienne (1311–1312). Initiated the persecution of the Knights Templar with the bull Pastoralis Praeeminentiae under pressure from King Philip IV of France.
N/A 20 April 1314
– 7 August 1316
Sede vacante Interregnum 2 year period without a valid pope elected. This was due to a deadlock among cardinals voting for the pope.
196C o a Giovanni XXII 7 August 1316
– 4 December 1334
(&000000000000001800000018 years, &0000000000000119000000119 days)
John22 John XXII
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Secundus
Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, Quercy, France Pope at Avignon. Controversial for his views on the Beatific Vision.
197C o a Benedetto XII 20 December 1334
– 25 April 1342
(&00000000000000070000007 years, &0000000000000126000000126 days)
Papa Benedictus Duodecimus Benedict XII
Papa BENEDICTUS Duodecimus
Jacques Fournier, O.Cist. Saverdun, County of Foix, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Cistercians. Known for issuing the Apostolic constitution Benedictus Deus (1336).
198C o a Gregorio XI 7 May 1342
– 6 December 1352
(&000000000000001000000010 years, &0000000000000213000000213 days)
Clemens VI Clement VI
Papa CLEMENS Sextus
Pierre Roger, O.S.B. Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon. Reigned during the Black Death and absolved those who died of it of their sins.
199C o a Innocenzo VI 18 December 1352
– 12 September 1362
(&00000000000000090000009 years, &0000000000000268000000268 days)
Innozenz VI Innocent VI
Papa INNOCENTIUS Sextus
Étienne Aubert Les Monts, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon.
200C o a Urbano V 28 September 1362
– 19 December 1370
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &000000000000008200000082 days)
Urban V Bl. Urban V
Papa URBANUS Quintus
Guillaume (de) Grimoard, O.S.B. Grizac, Languedoc, France Pope at Avignon. Member of the Order of Saint Benedict.
201C o a Gregorio XI 30 December 1370
– 27 March 1378
(&00000000000000070000007 years, &000000000000008700000087 days)
Papa Gregorius Undecimus Gregory XI
Papa GREGORIUS Undecimus
Pierre Roger de Beaufort Maumont, Limousin, France Pope at Avignon; returns to Rome.
202COA Clement VII 20 September 1378
– 16 September 1394
(&000000000000001100000011 years, &0000000000000190000000190 days)
Clement VII Clement VII
Papa CLEMENS Septimus
Robert de Geneva Annecy, County of Geneva Western Schism.

15th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
203C o a Benedetto XIII (Avignone) 11 October 1394
- 2 May 1407
(&000000000000001200000012 years, &0000000000000203000000203 days)
Pape avignon benoit13 Benedict XIII
Papa BENEDICTUS Tertius Decimus
Pedro Martínez de Luna Illueca, Aragon Western Schism
204 19 May 1407
- 14 August 1410
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &000000000000008700000087 days)
Benedict XIV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quartus Decimus
Berenguer d'Anglesola Girona, Aragon Western Schism
205 6 September 1410
-14 April 1415
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &0000000000000220000000220 days)
Pius II
Papa PIUS Secundus
Pierre Girard Saint-Symphorien le Château, France Western Schism
206 20 August 1415
- 24 August 1431
(&000000000000001600000016 years, &00000000000000040000004 days)
Victor IV
Papa VICTOR Quartus
Miguel de Zalba Pamplona, Navarra
207 4 September 1431
- 22 August 1432
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &0000000000000353000000353 days)
Marinus III
Papa MARINUS Tertius
Pedro da Fonseca Olivença, Portugal
208 10 September 1432
- 14 March 1434
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &0000000000000185000000185 days)
Gregory XII
Papa GREGORIUS Duodecimus
Alfonso Carrillo de Albornoz Cuenca, Castile
209C o a Niccolo III 12 April 1434
- 29 May 1438
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000004700000047 days)
Celestine VI
Papa COELESTINUS Sextus
Giordano Orsini Rome, Papal States
210 16 June 1438
- 25 February 1447
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000254000000254 days)
Felix V
Papa FELIX Quintus
Gabriele Condulmer Venice, Republic of Venice
211 6 March 1447
- 25 November 1453
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &0000000000000264000000264 days)
Pius III
Papa PIUS Tertius
Juan de Cervantes Lora del Rio, Castile
212 13 December 1453
- 6 August 1458
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &0000000000000236000000236 days)
Callixtus III
Papa CALLISTUS Tertius
Alfons de Borja Canals, Aragon
213 19 August 1458
-December 13, 1464
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &0000000000000116000000116 days)
Benedict XV
Papa BENEDICTUS Quintus Decimus
Pierre de Foix Foix, France
214 December 28, 1464
- January 24, 1465
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &000000000000002700000027 days)
Clement VIII
Papa CLEMENS Octavus
Giacomo Tebaldi Rome, Papal States
215 February 8, 1465
- 29 September 1468
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &0000000000000234000000234 days)
Marinus IV
Papa MARINUS Quartus
Juan de Torquemada Valladolid, Castile
216 15 October 1468
- November 18 1472
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000003400000034 days)
John XXIII
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Tertius
Ioannes Philargos Neapoli, Crete, Republic of Venice
217 1 December 1472
- July 3 1478
(&00000000000000050000005 years, &0000000000000214000000214 days)
Urban VI
Papa URBANUS Sextus
Angelo Capranica Rome, Papal States
218C o a Niccolo III 22 July 1478
- 11 August 1479
(&00000000000000010000001 year, &000000000000002000000020 days)
Celestine VII
Papa COELESTINUS Septimus
Latino Orsini Rome, Papal States
219 28 August 1479
-22 January 1483
(&00000000000000030000003 years, &0000000000000147000000147 days)
Clement IX
Papa CLEMENS Nonus
Guillaume d'Estouteville Estouteville-Écalles, Normandy, France
220 1 February 1483
- 18 September 1501
(&000000000000001800000018 years, &0000000000000229000000229 days)
Celestine VIII
Papa COELESTINUS Octavus
Jorge da Costa Alpedrinha, Portugal

16th–20th centuries

16th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
221C o a Alessandro VI 9 November 1501
- 18 August 1508
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &0000000000000283000000283 days)
Pope Alexander Vi Alexander V
Papa ALEXANDER Quintus
Rodrigo de Borja Xàtiva, Aragon
222 22 September 1508
- 20 January 1511
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000120000000120 days)
Celestine IX
Papa COELESTINUS Nonus
Oliviero Carafa Naples, Kingdom of Naples
223 4 February 1511
- 15 June 1521
(&000000000000001000000010 years, &0000000000000131000000131 days)
Nicholas V
Papa NICOLAUS Quintus
Tamás Bakócz Erdőd, Hungary
224 3 July 1521
- 16 December 1523
(&00000000000000020000002 years, &0000000000000166000000166 days)
Marinus V
Papa MARINUS Quintus
Bernardo Lopes de Carvalhal Campo Maior, Portugal
225C o a Papas Medicis 26 January 1524
- 25 September 1534
(&000000000000001000000010 years, &0000000000000242000000242 days)
Pius IV Clement X
Papa CLEMENS Decimus
Giulio de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence
226 19 October 1535
- 28 September 1549
(&000000000000001300000013 years, &0000000000000344000000344 days)
Telesphorus II
Papa TELESPHORUS Secundus
Alonso Manrique de Lara Segura de León, Spain
227 4 November 1549
-23 March 1555
(&00000000000000050000005 years, &0000000000000139000000139 days)
Leo X
Papa LEO Decimus
Miguel da Silva Évora, Portugal
228 10 April 1555
- 1 May 1555
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &000000000000002100000021 days)
Marcellus II
Papa MARCELLUS Secundus
Marcello Cervini Ancona, Papal States
229 23 May 1555
- 18 August 1559
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000008800000088 days)
John XXIV
Papa IOANNES Vicesimus Quartus
Gian Pietro Carafa Capriglia Irpina, Naples
230 25 December 1559
- 8 January 1569
(&00000000000000090000009 years, &000000000000001400000014 days)
Clement XI
Papa CLEMENS Undecimus
Clemente d'Olera Moneglia, Republic of Genoa
231C o a Pio V 7 February 1569
-1 May 1573
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000008300000083 days)
Theodore III Theodore III
Papa THEODORUS Tertius
Michele Ghislieri Milan, Italia
232C o a Gregorio XIII 13 May 1573
- 10 April 1585
(&000000000000001100000011 years, &0000000000000332000000332 days)
Gregory XIII Telesphorus III
Papa TELESPHORUS Tertius
Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Italia
233 1 May 1585
- 20 November 1595
(&000000000000001000000010 years, &0000000000000203000000203 days)
Gregory XIII
Papa GREGORIUS Tertius Decimus
Vasco de Quiroga y Vela Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Hispania

17th century

Numerical order Pontificate Portrait Name
English · Regnal
Personal name Place of birth Notes
234 17 December 1595
- 3 March 1605
(&00000000000000090000009 years, &000000000000004800000048 days)
Cornelius II
Papa CORNELIUS Secundus
Tolomeo Gallio Cernobbio, Italia
235C o a Papas Medicis 1 April 1605
- 27 April 1605
(&00000000000000000000000 years, &000000000000002600000026 days)
Clement XII
Papa CLEMENS Duodecimus
Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Florence, Republic of Florence
236 5 June 1605
- 8 January 1610
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &0000000000000217000000217 days)
Victor V
Papa VICTOR Quintus
Fernando Nuño de Guevara Toledo, Hispania
237 23 March 1610
- 24 August 1623
(&000000000000001300000013 years, &0000000000000154000000154 days)
Celestine IX
Papa COELESTINUS Nonus
Antonio Maria Sauli Genoa, Republic of Genoa
238 19 September 1623
- 19 September 1636
(&000000000000001300000013 years, &00000000000000000000000 days)
Sixtus IV
Papa SIXTUS Quartus
Franz Seraph von Dietrichstein Nikoslburg, Bohemia
239 28 October 1636
- 19 November 1642
(&00000000000000060000006 years, &000000000000002200000022 days)
Nicholas VI
Papa NICOLAUS Sextus
Giovanni Doria Genoa, Republic of Genoa
240 6 December 1642
-28 June 1663
(&000000000000002000000020 years, &0000000000000204000000204 days)
Julius II
Papa JULIUS Secundus
Giulio Cesare Sacchetti Rome, Italia
241 16 July 1663
- 23 April 1673
(&00000000000000090000009 years, &0000000000000281000000281 days)
Gregory XIV
Papa GREGORIUS Quartus Decimus
João Afonso Manrique de Lara Azeitão, Portugal
242 3 May 1673
- 21 August 1676
(&000000000000001300000013 years, &0000000000000110000000110 days)
Sixtus V
Papa SIXTUS Quintus
Virginio Orsini Rome, Papal States
243 19 September 1676
- 12 August 1685
(&00000000000000080000008 years, &0000000000000327000000327 days)
Benedict XVI
Papa BENEDICTUS Sextus Decimus
Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Duchy of Milan
244 7 September 1685
- 17 June 1695
(&00000000000000090000009 years, &0000000000000283000000283 days)
Telesphorus IV
Papa TELESPHORUS Quartus
Philip Howard Chichester, England
245 29 June 1695
- 20 July 1699
(&00000000000000040000004 years, &000000000000002100000021 days)
Celestine X
Papa COELESTINUS Decimus
Giovanni Dolfin Venice, Republic of Venice

18th Century

Footnotes

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