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Monarchs of England
|Ethelred I||865-871||Ethelwulf's son|
|Alfred the Great||871-899||Ethelwulf's son|
|Edward the Elder||899-924||Alfred's son|
|Edmund I||939-946||Edward's son|
|Edgar the Peaceful||959-975||Edmund's son|
|St Edward II the Martyr||975-978||Edgar's son|
|Edmund II||1016||Ethelred II's son|
|The Danish Kings|
For a period of time, both the Saxons and the Danish claimed the English throne.
|Canute the Great||1016-1035||Sweyn's son|
|Harold I||1035-1040||Canute's illegitimate son|
|The Saxon Restoration|
|St Edward III the Confessor||1042-1066||Ethelred II's son|
|Harold II||1066-1066||Edward the Confessor's brother-in-law|
|Edgar Ætheling||1066-1066||Grandson of Edmund Ironside|
After the Norman Conquest in 1066, numbering of kings (a French tradition applied to the Saxons only by historians) begins anew, although this affects only the Edwards.
|William I||1066-1087||known as William the Conqueror|
|William II||1087-1100||William I's son|
|Henry I||1100-1135||William I's son|
|Stephen||1135-1154||William I's grandson|
|The Angevins or Plantagenets|
The Royal House name changed to reflect Matilda's marriage to Geoffrey Plantagenet.
|Matilda (Empress Maud)||1141||Henry I's daughter|
|Henry II||1154-1189||Matilda's son|
|Richard I "Lionheart"||1189-1199||Henry II's son|
|Monarchs of England and Ireland|
In 1199, John, already Lord of Ireland, inherited the English throne. The title "Lord of Ireland" was used until 1671 when the title "King of Ireland" was used.
|John "Lackland"||1199-1216||Henry II's son|
|Henry III||1216-1272||John's son|
|Edward I "Longshanks"||1272-1307||Henry III's son|
|Edward II||1307-1327||Edward I's son|
|Edward III||1327-1377||Edward II's son|
|Richard II||1377-1399||Edward III's grandson|
|The House of Lancaster|
Henry Bolingbroke deposed Richard II, and the Royal House name came to reflect Henry's father's title, Duke of Lancaster.
|Henry IV||1399-1413||Edward III's grandson|
|Henry V||1413-1422||Henry IV's son|
|Henry V's son|
|The House of York|
The Houses of Lancaster and York had fought the Wars of the Roses, and the Yorkists took the throne.
|Edward III's great-great-grandson|
|Edward V||1483||Edward IV's son|
|Richard III||1483-1485||Edward IV's brother|
|The House of Tudor|
The Lancastrian Henry Tudor reclaimed the throne from the Yorkists.
|Henry VII||1485-1509||Edward III's great-great-grandson|
|Arthur I||1509-1557||Henry VII's son, Edward IV's grandson|
|Mary I||1557-1564||Arthur I's daughter|
|Francis I||1564-1576||Mary I's son|
|Arthur II||1576-1606||Arthur I's grandson|
|Henry VIII||1606-1616||Arthur II's son|
|The House of Valois|
After the death of Henry VIII childless, Scots and French petenders claimed the Enlgish crown. The Parliament chose French Dauphin Charles Valois-Angoulême.
|Charles I||1616-1641||Francis I's cousin, twice removed||Also king of France since 1621.|
|Francis II||1641-1646||Charles I's son||Also king of France.|
|Charles II||1646-1663||Charles I's son|
|Charles III||1664-1671||Charles II's son|
|The House of Wales|
In 1670, an insurrection in Ireland started. A Welch nationalistic leader supported the Irish against the English, changing his name for Llywelyn. After defeating Charles III army in 1671 he was crowned as king of England, king of Wales and king of Ireland.
|Gruffydd I||1689-1709||Llywelyn I's son|
|Llywelyn II||1709-1734||Gruffydd I's son|
|Richard IV||1734-1737||Llywelyn II's son|
|Edward VI||1737-1751||Llywelyn II's son|
|Richard V||1751-1772||Edward VI's son|
|Richard VI||1772-1801||Richard V's son|
|Arthur III||1801-1805||Richard V's grandson|
|The House of Marlborough|
An Act of Union was issued in 1804, creating the "United Kingdom of England, Ireland and Wales". When Arthur III brother-in-law Charles Churchill, Duke of Marlborough came to power in 1805, he droped all but "Kingdom of England".
|Charles IV||1805-1817||Arthur III's brother-in-law|
|Henry IX||1817-1843||Charles IV's son|
|Mary II||1843-1875||Henry IX's daughter|
|Henry X||1875-1878||Mary II's son|
|Charles V||1878-1886||Mary II's son|
|Charles VI||1886-1916||Charles V's son|
|Richard VII||1916-1918||Charles VI's son|
|Henry XI||1918-1957||Charles VI's son|
|Richard VIII||1957-1988||Henry XI's grandson|
|Arthur IV||since 1988||Richard VIII's son|