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List of Kings of Wessex (The Once and Never Kings)

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Royal Arms of Edward the Confessor

Though Kings had ruled Wessex since the sixth century, the official list is dated from the rule of King Egbert, the first West Saxon ruler to bear the title of "Bretwalda" ("Ruler of Britain").

The kings of Wessex used to rule all of England as "Kings of the Anglo-Saxons" since the reign of Alfred the Great, until that of Edmund II. Following the peace at the end of the War of Wessexian Succession, the division of England into Saxon Wessex and Danish Jórvík. Aside from the rule of Richard III, the two would never be reunited.


House of Wessex
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Egbert Egbert - MS Royal 14 B V 771 - 839 (802 - 839)
Æthelwulf Aethelwulf - MS Royal 14 B VI ??? - 13 January, 858 (839 - 13 January, 858)
Æthelbald Aethelbald ??? - 20 December, 860 (13 January, 858 - 20 December, 860)
Æthelberht Aethelberht - MS Royal 14 B VI 836 - 865 (20 December, 860 - 865)
Æthelred Ethelred coin 847 - 23 April, 871 (865 - 23 April, 871)
Alfred
the Great
AlfredTheGreat 849 - 26 October, 899 (23 April, 871 - 26 October, 899)
Edward I Edward the Elder - MS Royal 14 B VI 874 - 17 July, 924 (26 October, 899 - 17 July, 924)
Ælfweard 902 - 2 August, 924 (17 July, 924 - 2 August, 924)
Æthelstan Athelstan 893 - 27 October, 939 (2 August, 924 - 27 October, 939)
Edmund I Edmund I - MS Royal 14 B V 921 - 26 May, 946 (27 October, 939 - 26 May, 946)
Eadred Eadred - MS Royal 14 B VI.jpg 923 - 23 November, 955 (26 May, 946 - 23 November, 955)
Eadwig Eadwig - MS Royal 14 B VI 940 - 1 October, 959 (23 November, 955 - 1 October, 959)
Edgar I New Minster Charter 966 detail Edgar 943 - 8 July, 975 (1 October, 959 - 8 July, 975)
Edward II Edward the Martyr - MS Royal 14 B VI.jpg 962 - 18 March, 978 (8 July, 975 - 18 March, 978)
Æthelred II
the Unready
Aethelred II (The Kalmar Union) 968 - 23 April, 1016 (18 March, 978 - 25 December, 1013)

In 1013, Æthelred was usurped by Sweyn Forkbeard, King of Denmark, in his invasion of England in retaliation for the St. Bride's Day Massacre.


House of Denmark
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Sweyn Forkbeard Sweyn Forkbeard 960 - 3 February, 1014 (25 December, 1013 - 3 February, 1014)

After the death of Sweyn, Æthelred return from exile and was re-proclaimed King on February 3, 1014.

House of Wessex
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Æthelred II Aethelred II (The Kalmar Union) 968 - 23 April, 1016 (3 February, 1014 - 23 April, 1016)
Edmund II Edmund Ironside - MS Royal 14 B VI 985 - 14 August, 1032 (23 April, 1016 - 14 August, 1032)
Edward III Edward-the-atheling 1016 - 29 August, 1057 (14 August, 1032 - 29 August, 1057)
Edgar II KingEdgar 1051 - 11 June, 1126 (29 August, 1057 - 11 June, 1126)
Edward IV Eadwig 1098 - 21 April, 1153 (11 June, 1126 - 21 April, 1153)
Edmund III Eadred 19 September, 1139 - 3 October, 1187 (21 April, 1153 - 3 October, 1187)
Alfred II Edgar 9 February, 1170 - 17 July, 1244 (3 October, 1187 - 17 July, 1244)
House of Winchester
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Robert I Henry the Young King 12 August, 1205 - 29 September, 1272 (17 July, 1255 - 29 September, 1272)
Alfred III King-stephen-1-sized 18 January, 1248 - 2 April, 1310 (29 September, 1272 - 2 April, 1310)
Edward V Edward the Elder 21 May, 1281 - 27 October, 1344 (2 April, 1310 - 27 October, 1344)
Henry I
the Crusader
Richard coeur de lion 28 March, 1316 - 30 November, 1379 )27 October, 1344 - 30 November, 1379)
Edmund IV 16 July, 1353 - 13 August, 1402 (30 November, 1353 - 13 August, 1402)
Edward VI 7 April, 1392 - 14 June, 1449 (13 August, 1402 - 14 June, 1449)

The childless death of Edward VI leaves the throne empty, claimed by both the House of Dorset and the House of Newport. The resulting civil war would begin with the contested coronation of the Newport claimant, Henry II.

House of Newport
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Henry II 11 September, 1407 - 4 July, 1457 (14 June, 1449 - 19 April, 1452)
House of Dorset
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Richard I 17 June, 1409 - 24 May, 1461 (19 April, 1452 - 14 September, 1455)
House of Newport (restored)
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Henry II 11 September, 1407 - 4 July, 1457 (14 September, 1455 - 4 July, 1457)
Edmund V 7 February, 1439 - 2 December, 1468 (4 July, 1457 - 15 October, 1457)
House of Dorset (restored)
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Richard I 17 June, 1409 - 24 May, 1464 (15 October, 1457 - 27 March, 1460)
House of Newport (2nd Restoration)
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Edmund V 7 February, 1439 - 2 December, 1468 (27 March, 1460 - 2 December, 1468)

The death of Edmund V in 1468 leave no legitimate heirs to the House of Newport, leading to the Dorset victory in the War of the Dragons.

House of Dorset (2nd Restoration)
Monarch Portrait Lifespan Dates of Rule
Alfred IV 25 April, 1439 - 11 November, 1486 (2 December, 1468 - 11 November, 1486)
Henry III 1 April, 1475 - 12 August, 1538 (11 November, 1486 - 12 August, 1538)
Henry IV 18 June, 1512 - 29 May, 1562 (12 August, 1538 - 29 May, 1562)
Edgar III 23 November, 1546 - 25 July, 1601 (29 May, 1562 - 25 July, 1601)
Richard II 14 April, 1572 - 17 June, 1635 (25 July, 1635 - 17 June, 1635)
Henry V 3 September, 1598 - 21 July, 1659 (17 June, 1635 - 21 July, 1659)
Richard III
the Magnificent
King Charles I of England 18 February, 1601 - 11 October, 1667 (21 July, 1659 - 11 October, 1667)
Richard IV King Charles II 12 April, 1647 - 5 December, 1684 (11 October, 1667 - 5 December, 1684)
Henry VI 7 June, 1679 - 18 July, 1748 (5 December, 1684 - 18 July, 1748)
Edward VII 23 May, 1706 - 14 May, 1765 (18 July, 1748 - 14 May, 1765)
Edward VIII 11 September, 1742 - 9 July, 1793 (14 May, 1765 - 9 July, 1793)
Henry VII 2 January, 1768 - 19 August, 1844 (9 July, 1793 - 19 August, 1844)
Edmund VI 13 October, 1802 - 15 May, 1870 (19 August, 1844 - 15 May, 1870)
Henry VIII 27 June, 1857 - 23 February, 1931 (15 May, 1870 - 23 February, 1931)
Henry IX 20 May, 1891 - 12 June, 1963 (23 February, 1931 - 12 June, 1963)
Edmund VII 11 January, 1943 - 5 January, 2001 (12 June, 1963 - 5 January, 2001)
Edward IX GrandDukeWILHELM 10 June, 1976 - (5 January, 2001 - )


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