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List of Holy Roman Emperors (Fiat Iustitia)

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List of emperors

See also: List of German monarchs

This list includes all emperors of the Holy Roman Empire.

Emperors before Otto the Great

Traditional historiography claimed a continuity between the Carolingian Empire and the Holy Roman Empire. This is rejected by some modern historians, who date the foundation of the Holy Roman Empire to 962. The rulers who were crowned as Emperors in the West before 962 were as follows:

Carolingian dynasty

Image Name Life Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Coin
Image-Charlemagne-by-Durer
Charles I
(Charlemagne)
2 April 742
-
28 January 814
25 December 800 28 January 814 Founder of the Holy Roman Empire
Charlemagne denier Mayence 812 814
Louis the Pious
Louis I 778
-
20 June 840
1st
11 September 813

2nd
5 October 816
20 June 840 son of Emperor Charles I
Louis le Pieu denier Sens 818 823
Lothar I
Lothair I 795
-
29 September 855
5 April 823 29 September 855 son of Emperor Louis I
Lothaire 1er denier 840 855
Louis 2
Louis II 825
-
12 August 875
1st
Easter 850
2nd
18 May 872
12 August 875 son of Emperor Lothair I
Jean Dassier - Louis II. roy de France
Charles2lechauve
Charles II 13 June 823
-
6 October 877
29 December 875 6 October 877 son of Emperor Louis I
Charles le Chauve denier Bourges after 848
Charles the Fat
Charles III 13 June 839
-
13 January 888
12 February 881 13 January 888 grandson of Emperor Louis I
Sceau de Charles le gros

Guideschi dynasty

Image Name Life Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Coin
Sin foto
Guy 855
-
12 December 894
May 891 12 December 894 great-great grandson of Emperor Charles I -
Sin foto
Lambert 880
-
15 October 898
30 April 892 15 October 898 son of Emperor Guy -

Carolingian dynasty

Image Name Life Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Coin
Die deutschen Kaiser Arnulph
Arnulph 850
-
8 December 899
22 February 896 8 December 899 nephew of Charles III
and
great-grandson of Emperor Louis I
-

Bosonid dynasty

Image Name Life Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Coin
Sin foto
Louis III 880
-
28 June 928
22 February 901 21 July 905 grandson of Emperor Louis II -

Unruoching dynasty

Image Name Life Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Coin
Berengar I on a seal
Berengar 845
-
7 April 924
December 915 7 April 924 grandson of Emperor Louis I -

There was no emperor in the west between 924 and 962.

Holy Roman Emperors

Ottonian (Saxon) dynasty

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Seal
1
Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
Otto I 23 November 912
-
7 May 973
- 2 February 962 7 May 973 great-great-great grandson of Emperor Louis I
Siegel Otto I 968
2
Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor
Otto II 955
-
7 December 983
961 25 December 967 7 December 983 son of Emperor Otto I
3
Ota3
Otto III 980
-
23 January 1002
June 983 21 May 996 23 January 1002 son of Emperor Otto II
Ota3 cisar
4
Jindra2 cisar
Henry II
6 May 973
-
13 July 1024
7 June 1002 14 February 1014 13 July 1024 second cousin of Emperor Otto III and great-great-great-great-great grandson of Emperor Louis I

Salian (Frankish) dynasty

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Seal
5
Konrád2
Conrad II
990
-
4 June 1039
1024 26 March 1027 4 June 1039 great-great-grandson of Emperor Otto I
6
Jindřich3Sálský
Henry III 29 October 1017
-
5 October 1056
1028 25 December 1046 5 October 1056 son of Emperor Conrad II
Siegel kaiser heinrich iii
7
Jindra4Salsky
Henry IV 11 November 1050
-
7 August 1106
1053 31 March 1084 December 1105 son of Emperor Henry III
Heinrich IV. 1089
8
Jindra5Salsky
Henry V
8 November 1086
-
23 May 1125
6 January 1099 13 April 1111 23 May 1125 son of Emperor Henry IV
Siegel Heinrich V

Supplinburg dynasty

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Seal
9
Lothaire III crop
Lothair III
9 June 1075
-
4 December 1137
1125 4 June 1133 4 December 1137 perhaps 9th generation descendant of Emperor Otto I
or
11th generation descendant of Emperor Charles II
Heinrich IV. 1089

Staufen (or Hohenstaufen) dynasty

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Arms
10
Friedrich Barbarossa
Frederick I 1122
-
10 June 1190
4 March 1152 18 June 1155 10 June 1190 great-grandson of Emperor Henry IV
Armoiries empereurs Hohenstaufen
11
JindrichVIStauf trun
Henry VI November 1165
-
28 September 1197
 ? April 1169 14 April 1191 28 September 1197 son of Emperor Frederick I
Armoiries empereurs Hohenstaufen

Welf dynasty

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Arms
12
Ota4Brunsvik
Otto IV 1175 or 1176
-
19 May 1218
9 June 1198 4 October 1209 1215 great-grandson of Emperor Lothair III
Emporer Otto IV Arms

Staufen (or Hohenstaufen) dynasty

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be Emperor Descent from Emperor Arms
13
Frederick II and eagle
Frederick II 26 December 1194
-
13 December 1250
1196
1215 re-election
22 November 1220 13 December 1250 son of Emperor Henry VI
Armoiries empereurs Hohenstaufen

House of Luxembourg

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be emperor Descent from emperor Arms
14
Henry7Luc
Henry VII 1275/1279
-
24 August 1313
1308 29 June 1312 24 August 1313 13th generation descendant of Emperor Louis III
Armoiries Henri VII de Luxembourg

House of Wittelsbach

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be emperor Descent from emperor Arms
15
Ludwig der Bayer
Louis IV 1 April 1282
-
11 October 1347
October 1314 17 January 1328 11 October 1347 6th generation descendant of Emperor Lothair III and 7th generation descendant of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Emperor Louis IV Arms

House of Luxembourg

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be emperor Descent from emperor Arms
16
Charles IV-John Ocko votive picture-fragment
Charles IV 14 May 1316
-
29 November 1378
11 July 1346/
17 June 1349 re-election
5 April 1355 29 November 1378 grandson of Emperor Henry VII
Armoiries empereur Charles IV
17
Pisanello 024b
Sigismund 14 February 1368
-
9 December 1437
10 September 1410/
21 July 1411 re-election
31 May 1433 9 December 1437 son of Emperor Charles IV
Armoiries empereur Sigismond Ier

House of Habsburg

# Image Name Life Election Coronation Ceased to be emperor Descent from emperor Arms
18
Hans Burgkmair d. Ä. 005
Frederick III 21 September 1415
-
19 August 1493
1440 19 March 1452 19 August 1493 10th generation descendant of Emperor Lothair III
Emperor Frederick III Arms
19
Ambrogio de Predis 001
Maximilian I 22 March 1459
-
12 January 1519
16 February 1486 -
12 January 1519 son of Emperor Frederick III
Maximilian I Arms
20
Carlos V pintado por Arias Fernández
Charles V 24 February 1500
-
21 September 1558
28 June 1519 February 1530 16 January 1556 grandson of Emperor Maximilian I
Charles V Arms-imperial
21
Hans Bocksberger (I) - Emperor Ferdinand I - WGA02326
Ferdinand I 10 March 1503
-
25 July 1564
1531 -
25 July 1564 grandson of Emperor Maximilian I
Armoiries empereur Ferdinand Ier
22
Nicolas Neufchâtel 002
Maximilian II 31 July 1527
-
12 October 1576
November 1562 -
12 October 1576 son of Emperor Ferdinand I
Armoiries empereur Ferdinand Ier
23
Archdukerudolf
Rudolph II
18 July 1552
-
20 January 1612
1575 30 June 1575 20 January 1612 son of Emperor Maximilian II
Charles V Arms-imperial
24
Lucas van Valckenborch 003
Matthias 24 February 1557
-
20 March 1619
1612 23 January 1612 20 March 1619 son of Emperor Maximilian II
Charles V Arms-imperial
25
Kaiser Ferdinand II. 1614
Ferdinand II 9 July 1578
-
15 February 1637
1618 10 March 1619 15 February 1637 grandson of Emperor Ferdinand I
Charles V Arms-imperial
26
Frans Luycx 002
Ferdinand III 13 July 1608
-
2 April 1657
1636 18 November 1637 2 April 1657 son of Emperor Ferdinand II
Charles V Arms-imperial
27
Jan Thomas 001
Leopold I 9 June 1640
-
5 May 1705
18 July 1658 6 March 1657 5 May 1705 son of Emperor Ferdinand III
Charles V Arms-imperial
28
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Joseph I 26 July 1678
-
17 April 1711
6 January 1690 1 May 1705 17 April 1711 son of Emperor Leopold I
Charles V Arms-imperial

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