The Chancellor of Germany (German: Reichskanzler) is the German head of government. While the Emperor is the country's head of state and titular ruler, the Chancellor is the de facto leader of the nation and wields considerable political power. The Chancellor is responsible to the parliament, or Reichstag, and leads the party or coalition with a majority of seats in that body. The appointment of the Chancellor is made by the Emperor.
Nineteen people have served as Chancellor. Political affiliation dates only from the 1930s; prior to this the Chancellor was not a partisan office. One Chancellor, Helmut Kohl, served for two non-consecutive terms. The incumbent Chancellor, Angela Merkel, is the first woman to hold the post.

List of Chancellors (1871-)

# Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Prince Otto von Bismarck 1871 1890 None
2 Count Leo von Caprivi 1890 1894 None
3 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst 1894 1900 None
4 Prince Bernhard von Bülow 1900 1909 None
5 Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg 1909 1921 None
6 Paul von Hindenberg 1921 1930 None
7 Gustav Baüer 1930 1933 Social Democrat
8 Heinrich Brüning 1933 1940 Centre Party
9 Hans Vogel 1940 1945 Social Democrat
10 Kurt Schümacher 1945 1951 Social Democrat
11 Gregor Strasser 1951 1958 People's Party
12 Ludwig Erhard 1958 1962 People's Party
13 Heinrich Krone 1962 1970 People's Party
14 Richard Stücklen 1970 1971 People's Party
15 Willy Brandt 1971 1979 Social Democrat
16 Helmut Kohl 1979 1991 People's Party
17 Johannes Rau 1991 1996 Social Democrat
- Helmut Kohl 1996 1999 People's Party
18 Oskar Lafontaine 1999 2005 Social Democrat
19 Angela Merkel 2005 Incumbent People's Party

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