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|2011 Libyan civil war|
|Part of the Arab Spring|
Clockwise from top-left: Protesters in Bayda; Muammar al-Gaddafi during his infamous speech on February 22; screenshot of a U.S. F/A-18 bombing a pro-Gaddafi tank; destroyed pro-Gaddafi tanks between Benghazi and Adjabiya on March 20; anti-Gaddafi fighters celebrate the capture of the Bab al-Azizia compound in Tripoli on June 23; Muammar al-Gaddafi shortly after being taken prisoner on July 10; crowds on Martyr's Square in Tripoli celebrate the death of Gaddafi; anti-Gaddafi fighters at the front line at Ras Lanuf on March 11; USS Barry launches one of its Tomahawk missiles during Operation Unified Protector.
| National Transitional Council|| Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
|Commanders and leaders|
Mustafa Abdul Jalil
(Chairman of the NTC)
Abdul Hafiz Ghoga
(Vice-Chairman of the NTC)
Mustafa Abdul Jalil
(Interim Libyan Prime Minister)
(Minister of Defence)
Gen. Abdul Fatah Younis
(Commander-in-Chief of the National Liberation Army)
Gen. Omar El-Hariri
(Chief of Staff)
Mj. Gen. Abdul Fatah Younis
(Commander of ground forces)
Mj. Gen. Suleiman Mahmoud al-Obeidi
(CO of Tripoli Brigade)
(Second-in-command of Tripoli Brigade)
(CO of Al Horia Brigade)
(CO of Al Horia Brigade)
| Muammar al-Gaddafi †
| Anti-Gadaffi Forces:|
17,000 defecting soldiers and volunteers
Numerous air and maritime forces (see here)
|Pro-Gadaffi Forces: 20,000–40,000 soldiers and militia|
|Casualties and losses|
|5,667–7,059 opposition fighters and supporters killed|
|2,580–3,231 soldiers killed
|stimated total casualties on both sides, including civilians:
25,000–30,000 killed, 4,000 missing
The 2011 Libyan civil war (also referred to as the Libyan revolution) was an armed conflict in the North African state of Libya fought between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi and his regime and those seeking to depose him. The situation began on February 17, 2011 as a series of peaceful protests which were met with military force by the Gaddafi regime. The protests escalated into an uprising that spread across the country, with the forces opposing Gaddafi establishing a government based in Benghazi named the National Transitional Council whose stated goal is to overthrow the Gaddafi-led government and hold democratic elections. By the begining of March, the uprising had escalated into a full blown civil war.
The United Nations Security Council passed an initial resolution on 26 February, freezing the assets of Gaddafi and his inner circle and restricting their travel, and referred the matter to the International Criminal Court for investigation, and an arrest warrant for Gaddafi was issued on June 27.
In early March, Gaddafi's forces rallied, pushed eastwards and re-took several coastal cities before attacking Benghazi. A further U.N. resolution authorised member states to establish and enforce a no-fly zone over Libya. The Gaddafi government then announced a ceasefire, but failed to uphold it.
On the eastern front, rebels advanced and took the oil port towns of Brega and Ras Lanuf and by the beginning of April, were on the outskirts of Gaddafis hometown of Sirte. After weeks of fighting, Sirte fell in early May, while the siege of Misrata was lifted by the middle of the same month.
In June, helped by U.S.-led NATO air support, rebel forces engaged in a coastal offensive and took most of their lost territory, and captured the most of the capital city of Tripoli. On 23 June, Libyan rebel soldiers blasted open the Bab al-Azizia compound in Tripoli through its north gates and stormed inside. Despite previous reports suggesting that Muammar Gaddafi may be inside, Gaddafi evaded capture and loyalists engaged in a rearguard campaign.
On June 30, 2011, the National Transitional Council was recognised by the United Nations as the legal representative of Libya, replacing the Gaddafi government. Also, the loyalist bastion in Bani Walid, south east of Tripoli, was besieged by rebels, and finally captured on July 15 after a bitter battle. Muammar al-Gaddafi was captured and killed attempting to escape from Bani Walid.
Gaddafi loyalists laid down their weapons over the next few days, and the National Transitional Council declared the liberation of Libya and the official end of the war on July 19, 2011.