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The Libya is a nation located in Tripolitania and Fezzan, it was created in the 70 with the coup d'etat who overthrown Idris I.
After the Great Nuclear War, more protest occurred, with the luck of food and water, but also with the arrive of several refugees in Libya, mainly Greeks or Turks, the King don't know what do and decide to shoot at every boat of European refugees who arrive in Libya, but this don't stopped the luck of food, so King Idris I decide of use the oil for buy food from Tunisia, Algeria, Malta and Sicily, but he declare martial law until the end of the emergency and the return on absolute monarchy, he have also introduce a land reform and a agricultural one, but despite all this progress the Fezzan and the southern part of Cyrenaica was left for his instability and difficulty of communications, in this way many oil camps was lost and the Fezzan become a no man's land, where nomands, smugglers, criminals, and other people live or cross that land.
Idris I have also attempt to maintain good relation with the closer nation at his Kingdom, despite this from the 1965 to the 1969 the Kingdom slowly grown his economy with trade and with oil business, before the Coup d'Etat of Gheddafi and other officials most of the third sectors companies was hold by Italo-Libyans or by Sicilians. But this was see by many Arabs, mainly that inspired by the idea of Pan-Arabism and Socialism a residue of the Italian domination of the Libya, who by more have caused too many damage at his land, so riots and violence again the "enemies of the Libya", mainly the Italians was attacked and also the Italian embassy at Tripoli was attacked and all the member of the diplomatic mission was killed.
This have bring the Italian Republic at boycott the Libyans goods and at forebitten the enter of Libyan citizens exept for Jews and Italo-Libyans in his territory, then after pogdom again the Jews and the Italians begin, not only in the front of Italo-Libyans but also in the confront of the Sicilians or of other Italians, by the 1970 all the 50,000 Italo-Libyans or Italians with the 10,000 Jews decide to leave the Libya for go in Cyrenaica and try to survive at the best of their possibily why Cyrenaica wasn't under control of Libya from the 1965.
The end of the KingdomWith the spread of socialism and Pan-Arabism and the more weakness of the King in therm of health he was bring at La Valletta for be operated, but during this operation he was deposed and overthrown by Officier Gheddafi with the proclamation of the Libyan Arab Republic. The King can't do nothing why also his heir was forced with all the rest of the Royal Family at leave Libya and all the royal family decide to exile in Malta first, then in Jordan and finally they arrive in Saudi Arabia. The previous constitution was abolished and it was drifted a new constitution with the abolition of the election and of all political party.
Gheddafi as the main leader of the coup d'etat and for his charisma was proclaimed President of the Revolutionary Council of Libya, -Athe other member of this council was friends and comrades of Gheddafi during his military experience, all with Pan-Arab ideals, the first act of the Revolutionary Council was that of nationalize all the large company of the third, second and first sector, for put that under control of the state and without foreign interference in the economy.
In the 70s Gheddafi was focus on restore relations with the rest of the Northern African countries, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Iran and other countries, but relations with Sicily and other Italian states was rocky if not close at all, but also with other European nations, specially with France and United Kingdom, who have describe Gheddafi as a man who don't care about human rights and of care only about himself.
After this Gheddafi have convocated the US and British ambassador for say of leave Libya and of close all their base or they will be killed if they don't do that, they would have a week for do that, then the British and the American personnel return in UK for be relocated there, after this UK, France, Italian Republic, Spain, Scandinavian countries, Germany, Greece, Sicilian Republic, Portugal, and other European country close relations with Libya and make various sanctions again Libya.
But this intact in a very little way for Libya since they have all the support from the Arab and African nations but a little support from the USSR and his allied, mainly Egypt and Syria.
Reconquest of the Fezzan
In the year 70s the government of Tripoli have started to send units of the army in Fezzan, a largely uninhabited land but of great importance for his economical resources, after the war only beduine and other tribes remain or travel in this area, without any control on Fezzan it become a fertile soil for criminals and smugglers, but this smugglers and criminals was fought by both the nomads and by the Libyan Army, so with the work of reparation of buildings, roads and other things, the Fezzan was conquered only in the 1978, and one month after the Libyan Army enter in Ciad and take control of the unclaimed and uncontrolled Strip of Azoul.
Despite all this things the economy of Libya grown and finally the European countries recognise Libya as a sovereign country with this act Libya and the European nations started to trade, mainly oil for automobiles, home appliances or televisions, during the end of the 70s the population of Tripoli rise at 500 million of inhabitants and it was in only 10 years completely modernized and efficient, with a international airport, a more great port and several hotels, hospital and two universities.
During that time many immigrants, mainly Arabs from Pakistan, Sudan, Ciad, Somalia and Afghanistan but also Indians and Europeans for work in the foreign companies or in the third sector, many immigrants from central and eastern Africa would be died during the trip across the Sahara for arrive in Libya, much of this immigrants would go at foot and many die because of lack of food and water.