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Libya

Libya | Federal Republic of Libya | ⵜⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵜⴰⴼⵉⴷⵉⵔⴰⵍⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ | Tagduda Tafidiralit n Libya (Moorish)

Capital: Tripoli

Largest city: Tripoli (1,126,450)

Official languages: Moorish

Other languages: Egyptian, Greek, Italian

Ethnic groups: 62.5% Moors, 24.7% Greeks, 8.3% Egyptians, 3.4% Italians, 1.5% others

Religions: Moorish Christianity (58.6%), Orthodox Christianity (21.2%), Monophysite Christianity (7.8%), Catholic Christianity (3.5%), Protestant Christianity (1.2%), Others (0.5%), Non-religious (7.2%)

Demonym: Libyan

Government: Constitutional republic | Federal parliamentary

President: Aghilas Yeshu

Prime Minister: Yufayyur Azznaj

Legislature: General Congress

Upper House: Senate

Lower House: Chamber of Deputies

Current constitution: 8 August 2012

Area: 1,759,541 sq km

Population (2015): 6,541,948

Currency: Libyan denarion (LYD)

Internet TLD: .ly

History

Prehistory

Classical Age

Phoenician-Carthaginian Libya (until 2nd century BC)

Greek Libya (7th–1st centuries BC)

Roman Libya (2nd century BC – 8th century AD)

Middle Ages

Moorish Libya (7th-15th centuries)

Hospitaller Libya (1410–1551)

Colonial Libya

Roman-Hellene Libya (1551–1912)

Italian Libya (1912–1943)

British Libya (1943–1949)

Independent Libya

Kingdom of Libya (1949–1969)

People's Democratic Republic of Libya (1969–2012)

Libyan Civil War (2011–2012)

Federal Republic of Libya (since 2012)

Government and politics

Administrative divisions

The Federal Republic of Libya is divided in three federal states (tamurt):

Cyrenaica | Κυρηναϊκή (Kyrēnaïkḗ) | ⵙⵉⵔⴻⵏⴰⵢⴽⴰ (Sirenayka)

  • Area: 258,346 km²
  • Population: 2,375,603
  • Density: 9.2/km²

Phasania | ⴼⴻⵣⵣⴰⵏ (Fezzan)

  • Area: 1,222,577 km²
  • Population: 564,492
  • Density: 0.5/km²

Tripolitania | ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ (Ṭrables)

  • Area: 278,618 km²
  • Population: 3,601,853
  • Density: 12.9/km²

Demographics

Largest cities

1st | Tripoli (ⵟⵔⴰⴱⵍⴻⵙ) | Tripolitania | 1,126,450

2nd | Berenice (Βερενίκη) | Cyrenaica | 831,797

3rd | Misrata (ⵎⵉⵙⵔⴰⵝⴰ) | Tripolitania | 513,825

4th | Beda (Μπέντα) | Cyrenaica | 254,961

5th | Sabrata (ⵙⴰⴱⵔⴰⵝⴰ) | Tripolitania | 228,457

6th | Lebida (ⵍⴻⴲⵉⴸⴰ) | Tripolitania | 201,943

7th | Barca (Βάρκη) | Cyrenaica | 187,692

8th | Apollonia (Απολλωνία) | Cyrenaica | 176,968

9th | Saba (ⵙⴰⴲⴰ) | Phasania | 169,872

10th | Willul (ⵡⵉⵍⵍⵓⵍ) | Tripolitania | 157,893

11th | Antipyrgos (Αντίπυργος) | Cyrenaica | 134,210

12th | Sirte (ⵙⵓⵔⵜ) | Tripolitania | 128,631

13th | Tawergha (ⵜⴰⵡⴻⵔⵖⴰ) | Tripolitania | 124,223

14th | Awilan (ⴰⵡⵉⵍⴰⵏ) | Cyrenaica | 103,743

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