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Libya (Arabic: ليبيا, Lībyā; Berber: Libya, ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ), officially the State of Libya, was a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa that existed from 1969 to 2015. It's bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. The three traditional parts of the country were Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people. The other large city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.
Libya declared independence from Shugarhai Union's Italian colonial rule following a military coup in 1969, beginning a period of brutal suppression of dissent. The most prominent coup conspirator, Muammar Gaddafi, was ultimately able to fully concentrate power in his own hands during the Libyan Cultural Revolution, remaining in power until the Libyan Civil War of 2011, in which the rebels were supported by NATO. Since then, Libya has experienced instability and political violence which has severely affected both commerce and oil production. The European Union is involved in an operation to disrupt human trafficking networks exploting refugees fleeing from the war for Europe. In the last two years of 2014 and 2015, Libya was tracking into a new second civil war between the parliament and New General National Congress, which also includes ISIS on another side by fleeing most of ISIS remnants from Iraq and Syria into Libya. Finally, on 29 May 2015 where the Second Libyan Civil War ends, the whole country has occupied and annexed by Shugarhai Union, thus becoming a colony of Italian MSE. On 6 November 2015, Morocco and newly-formed Coptic Egypt share and divided Libya in two parts following the Partition of Libya and declared that Libya formally abolished.