Liberia /laɪˈbɪəriə/, officially the Republic of Liberia, in OTL is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, and the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2008 Census, the nation is home to 3,476,608 people and covers 111,369 sq km (43,000 sq mi).
Its capital is Monrovia. Liberia has a hot equatorial climate with most rainfall arriving in summer with harsh harmattan winds in the dry season. Liberia's populated Pepper Coast is composed of mostly mangrove forests while the sparsely populated inland is forested, later opening to a plateau of drier grasslands.
The history of Liberia is unique among African nations, notably because of its relationship with the United States. It is one of the few countries in Africa, and the only country in West Africa, without roots in the European Scramble for Africa. Founded as a colony by the American Colonization Society in 1821-22, it was created as a place for slaves freed in the United States to emigrate to in Africa, on the premise they would have greater freedom and equality there.
Slaves freed from slave ships also were sent there instead of being repatriated to their countries of origin. These freed slaves formed an elite group in Liberian society, and, in 1847, they founded the Republic of Liberia, establishing a government modeled on that of the United States, naming Monrovia, their capital city, after James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States and a prominent supporter of the colonization.
A military-led coup in 1980 overthrew then-president William R. Tolbert, which marked the beginning of a period of instability that eventually led to a civil war that left hundreds of thousands of people dead and devastated the country's economy. Today, Liberia is recovering from the lingering effects of the civil war and related economic dislocation.
Alternate versions of Liberia have been discovered in the multiverse:
- Commonwealth of Liberia (Liberia, USA)
- Liberia (1983: Doomsday)
- Free Port of Monrovia (1983: Doomsday)
- Liberia (Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum)
- Liberia (Twilight of a New Era)
- Republic of Liberia (Dai-tō-a)
- Republic of New Maryland (Out of One, Many)
Alternate versions of Liberia have also been discovered to belong to different nations:
- Republic of Northwestern Africa (Zhou)
- Republic of West Africa (Samsu)
- United States of America