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Leon Trotsky (Lev Bronstein)
OTL equivalent: 1879-1940

Founder of the Red Army

People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR
November 8, 1918 – March 13, 1918

Successor Georgiy Chicherin

People's Commissar of Military and Naval Affairs of the RSFSR
March 13, 1918 – {{{to2}}}

Predecessor Nikolai Podvoisky
Born November 7, 1879
Elizabetgrad, Russian Empire
Spouse Aleksandra Sokolovskaya

Natalia Sedova

Political Party Communist (Ex.: Menshevik)
Religion Atheism
Leon Trotsky (Лeв Давидович Трóцкий), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Лeв Давидович Бронштéйн) (1879-1940), was a leader with Lenin in the Bolshevik October Revolution in Russia in 1917. A charismatic orator, systematic organizer and brilliant theorist, Trotsky was primarily an intellectual whose writings greatly influenced leftist movements worldwide. An energetic organizer he planned the successful Petrograd uprising in November 1917, created the Red Army, and played the central role in the Russian Civil War (1918-20).

Early Years Edit

Trotsky, was the son of a prosperous and reportedly non-religious Jewish farmer in Ukraine. Well educated and rebellious, he became a professional revolutionary as a teenager. He was arrested in 1898 and was later exiled to Siberia, where he joined the Social Democratic party.

In 1902, he escaped abroad and met Lenin.

Revolutionary Edit

In 1903, while Lenin headed the Bolsheviks, Trotsky joined the rival Mensheviks. Mensheviks did not believe trying to ignite a revolution, expecting that it would happen when the people were ready. By contrast the Bolsheviks who believed that the people needed to be led. From 1904 until 1917 Trotsky had a stormy relationship with Lenin, accusing Lenin of wanting to become a dictator. But the two of them resolved their differences in 1917, and after that point Trotsky was totally loyal to Lenin.

Trotsky was the most powerful orator in the Bolshevik party, and due to his numerous spells in jail and his active role in the failed 1905 revolution he was much more famous than Lenin was to ordinary Russians. He was the actual organizer behind the October Revolution, as Lenin had been in exile in the months leading up to the putsch.

Commissar of Foreign Affairs Edit

After the Bolsheviks secured power, Trotsky became People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs. Trotsky was the leading advocate of the "neither war nor peace" policy and on January 28, 1918 announced that Soviet Russia considered the war over. This was unacceptable to the Germans who were already transporting troops to the Western Front. The German Chief of Staff, general Max Hoffmann, responded by signing the peace treaty with Ukrainian People's Republic on February 9 and announced an end to the ceasefire with Russia in two-days time on February 17, leading to the resumption of hostilities.

The Germans advanced into the former Russian Empire for eleven days with little resistance.

Most of the leadership still preferred continuing the war, even though Russia was in no position to do so, due to the destruction of its army. At this point Lenin intervened to push the Soviet leadership into acceptance of German terms, which by now had become even harsher. He was backed by other senior communists to include Kamenev, Zinoviev, and Stalin.