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Leifia (The Kalmar Union)

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Leifia is the third largest continent. In the North it is dominated by ice-cap, tundra and taiga forest. Further south the endless great plains take over before deserts take hold in central Mexica. To the far south great dense jungles form the barrier between Leifia and Tawantinland. Long a barrier to trade and people it is currently the most heavily militarised border in the world.

It is divided into 91 sovereign countries, alongside multiple dependent territories.

To the East of Mexica lie the Taino and Carib Islands. Besides the two sovereign countries of Coabana and Quisqueyanos are numerous smaller islands administered by various European powers.

In the present day the nations of Leifia can be roughly split into three groups.

  • The North and East - roughly those either under the influence of Vinland or Aniyunwiya or those surrounding the Fraeburt Votnum. These are mostly republics or constitutional monarchies.
  • The South and Centre - roughly those either directly controlled or heavily in the orbit of Mexica and tend to be military dictatorships.
  • The West - a mix of republics and heavily autocratic monarchies generally aligned to the Chinese Empire.

Historical Overview

It is believed the first Leifians appeared after migrating across the Bering land bridge from Siberia between 40,000 and 17,000 years ago following the great herds of now extinct mega-fauna. They spread throughout the continent and further south into Tawantinland.

Settled, they adapted to their surroundings and formed distinct tribal groups. In the north they practised hunter-gathering alongside fishing. In the south the Meso-Leifian tribes perfected intense farming of maize, tomatoes and squash and formed great civilisations. Bison were hunted by those tribes on the great plains. The Ishak Bird (OTL turkey) was domesticated somewhere in between. No large fauna remained to be domesticated and Llamas had yet to be exported North from Tawantinsuyu.

The Norse explorer Leif Ericsson discovered the island known as Vinland and would give his name to the continent beyond. His family would later settle alongside growing numbers of migrants from Iceland and Scandinavia. Their presence led to European foodstuffs and domesticated animals being spread throughout Leifia. Cattle, goats and pigs were widely adopted, sheep less so. By the time the Vinlanders reached the growing empire of Mexica in the 1120s it found it had received the wheel but had no horses or cattle to pull it.

As iron weapons spread out from Vinland and in time were developed locally, the most powerful tribes could begin to turn their domains into kingdoms and shifted their ways of life from nomadic to sedentary. Vinland attempted to control the supply of horses, to keep its military advantage. However, they became powerful diplomatic tools; a herd of horses being worth their weight in gold. Cavalry soon formed the backbone of many nations' armies.

Another Norse introduction was less welcome. Disease, specifically measles, spread like wildfire amongst the Leifian tribes who had no natural resistance. The initial wave is thought to have killed 70% of the population, wiping out numerous tribes altogether. Norse and native Leifians alike were hit equally by the spread of the Black Death in the mid-1300s and smallpox later on. Meanwhile, the devastating Great Pox was introduced back to Europe. It briefly cut a huge swathe through the European population before it settled into a less fatal but endemic strain.

The rapid expansion of the Aniyunwiya during the 13th century caused a chain reaction of tribal movement. The Lakota, Isanyathi and Nakota were pushed westwards onto the plains. Meanwhile, the Nahuatl were eventually pushed into Mexica. The Nahuatl would eventually turn Mexica from a collection of warring city-states into a vast military machine and the largest single nation in the Western hemisphere.

News of Leifia was slow to feed back to the Old World. Whilst Scandinavia, the Empire and the Papacy were certainly aware of the Norse colonies by the mid-1050s they had little inkling of the lands beyond. It was only as Vinland and Álengiamark began sending back precious items like furs, that interest was stoked, and maps, both real and fanciful, proliferated. Denmark guarded the northern crossing via Greenland jealously however. Eventually Portugal found a southern crossing by 1345 and most ocean-faring nations of Europe had some kind of trading presence by 1600. China had first made the crossing of the Roasjoinn (OTL Pacific Ocean) to the west of Leifia in 1420. Likewise, the Leifian nations eagerly exported items like tobacco, coffee, sugar and Mexic silver back to the burgeoning European and Chinese markets.

Nations

Leifian Nations
No. on Map Country Capital Flag Current Head of State Estimated Population
1 Vinland Isafjordhur Flag of Vinland (Kalmar Union).svg Queen Kristjana IX 9,794,100
2 Military Japan Tokyo* Naval Ensign of Japan General Hatu 433,600
3 Lingít Aaní Kaien Flag of Lingit Aani (Kalmar Union).svg Yanyedi Skeena 45,000
4 Keewatin Territory Snjórvatn Flag of Keewatin (Kalmar Union).svg Queen Kristjana IX* 320,000
5 Algonquinland Quebec Flag of Algonquinland (The Kalmar Union).svg Chief Donnacona 1,783,150
6 Klallam Federation Tse-whit-zen Flag of Klallam (The Kalmar Union).svg Chief Chits-han-a 632,720
7 Ktunaxa Yaqannuki Flag of Ktunaxa (The Kalmar Union).svg King Kanuxunik 3,886,200
8 Cree Republic Saskwaton Flag of Cree (The Kalmar Union).svg Mamihkiyin 512,000
9 Ojibwe Baawiting Flag of Ojibwe (The Kalmar Union).svg President Wawaazisii 1,278,860
10 Atikamekwia Manawan Flag of Atikamekwia (The Kalmar Union).svg President Nikikw 521,760
11 Passamaquoddia Quispamis Flag of Passamaquoddia (The Kalmar Union).svg King Qonas III 5,294,900
12 Abernakriga Wolinak Flag of Abernakriga (The Kalmar Union).svg President Hafdis Obomsawin 1,359,000
13 Nitawahsinnanni Otokoks Flag of Nitawahsinnanni (The Kalmar Union).svg Chief Aatsista-Mahkan 847,500
14 Haanininland Pakowki Flag of Haanininland (The Kalmar Union).svg Prince Hitunena 264,000
15 Nakotaland Wascana Flag of Nakotaland (The Kalmar Union).svg President Tusweca 596,000
16 Chinookriga Kathlamet Flag of Chinookriga (The Kalmar Union).svg King Konkomly II 935,430
17 Ichshkiinmark Yakima Flag of Ichshkiinmark (The Kalmar Union).svg King Peo IV 617,840
18 Cayusia Attalia Flag of Cayusia (The Kalmar Union) Chief Tauitau 478,000
19 Skitswishmark Manito Flag of Skitswiskmark (The Kalmar Union) King Masselow 215,420
20 Niimiipu Republic Lapwai 23px Walammottinin
21 Kalispu Republic Missoula Flag of Kalispu (The Kalmar Union) Kanitsu
22 Apsaalookriga Absarokee Flag of Apsaalookriga (The Kalmar Union) King Horatoa
23 Lakota Federation Minneconju 23px Thasunke Huste
24 Hiraacaland Menoken Flag of Hiraacaland (The Kalmar Union).svg Princess Maxidiwiac 43,000
25 Ruptareland Wishek Flag of Ruptareland (The Kalmar Union).svg Prince Matotohpe 52,000
26 Sahnishland Onaka Flag of Sahnishland (The Kalmar Union).svg Prince Kunuh-Kananu 63,000
27 Isanyathimark Minnetonka Flag of Isanyathimark (The Kalmar Union) King Taoyateduta 1,048,000
28 Mamaceqtawia Keshena 23px King Amiskquew
29 Ochangaramark Waukesha Flag of Ochangaramark (The Kalmar Union).svg King Waukon III 1,207,000
30 Neshabek Kalkaska Flag of Neshabek (The Kalmar Union).svg King Siggenauk II 786,000
31 Erie Ashtabula Flag of Erie (The Kalmar Union).svg Queen Kenraeks 5,019,800
32 Six Nations Oneida Flag of 6 Nations (The Kalmar Union).svg Kaintwakon Katerisson 1,701,750
33 Kanienmark Niskayuna Flag of Kanienmark (Kalmar Union).svg Princess Kaniehtiio 451,000
34 Álengiamark St. Hafdiss Flag of Alengiamark.svg Queen Thorey VII 13,093,400
35 Aniyunwiya Kispokotha Flag of Aniyunwiya (The Kalmar Union).svg King Weyapiersenwah III 11,341,050
36 Susquehanockland Conestoga Flag of Susquehanockland (The Kalmar Union).svg King Chiroe V 3,089,750
37 Yesanland Nahyssa Flag of Yesanland (The Kalmar Union) Prince Nikonha 3,402,450
38 Powhatanland Werowocomoco Flag of Powhatanland (The Kalmar Union).svg King Paqwach 930,500
39 Tuscaron Nooherooka Flag of Tuscaron (The Kalmar Union).svg King Akawentcaka 1,734,600
40 Dasamongueponkland Aquascogoc Flag of Dasmongueponkland (The Kalmar Union).svg Yarl Manteo VIII 637,200
41 Catawbaland Issa 23px King Yanabe
42 Tsalagi Republic Echota 23px President Junaluska
43 Coyaha Republic Patsiliga Flag of Coyaha (The Kalmar Union).svg President Chestowee 841,800
44 Mvskokia Mabila Flag of Mvskokia (The Kalmar Union).svg King Tenskwatawa II
45 Cusabo Skorrye 23px President Etiwan
46 Miccosukeeland Knole Flag of Miccosukeeland (The Kalmar Union) King Arpii
47 Utinan Confederation Etoniah 23px President Saturiwa Acuera
48 Caalusa Stapaba Flag of Caalusa (The Kalmar Union).svg King Timucua 3,914,650
49 Aismark Jece Flag of Aismark (Kalmar Union).svg Prince Pojoy II 2,197,900
50 Quisqueyanos Federation Ayraguay Flag of Quisqueyanos (Kalmar Union).svg Niba Orocobix 12,425,000
51 Coabana Havna Flag of Coabana (Kalmar Union).svg Emir Yusif II 7,869,300
52 Apalacheeland Anhaico Flag of Apalacheeland (The Kalmar Union).svg Prince Nalethuck
53 Koasati Republic Tasquiqui 23px President Colita
54 Chikashsha Republic Impichchaachaaha 23px President Shunanhoy
55 Albaamahaland Tichuka 23px Prince Okolona
56 Chahtaland Nanih Waiya Flag of Chahtaland (The Kalmar Union).svg Prince Tullockchish II
57 Biloxiland Ayaaxi Flag of Biloxiland (The Kalmar Union) Prince Taneksayaa
58 Chitimachanc Yagenichito Flag of Chitimachanc (The Kalmar Union).svg Queen Chawashun 1,601,150
59 Ishakane Nementou Flag of Ishakane (The Kalmar Union).svg General Nezpique
60 Kweshland Ninchopen Flag of Kweshland (The Kalmar Union).svg Prince Sanukh III
61 Ofolendain Minuse 23px President Pacce
62 Natchezland Jenzenaque Flag of Natchezland (The Kalmar Union).svg Prince Uwahsil V 97,150
63 Houmaland Ulu 23px President Beyot
64 Nowych Katowice Nowych Katowice Flag of New Katowice (Kalmar Union).svg King Stephan IV *
65 Tunica Quizquiz Flag of Tunica (The Kalmar Union).svg Grand-Prince Lattanash
66 Caddoa Hasinai 23px Queen Kaw-u-tz
67 Ugakhpaland Tiwadiman Flag of Ugakhpaland (The Kalmar Union).svg General Tanwanzhita
68 Osageland Pomatah Flag of Osageland (The Kalmar Union).svg Prince Shonka
69 Inokian Confederation Cahokia Flag of Inokia (The Kalmar Union).svg President Maroa Tapoara 5,823,600
70 Niuachiland Wacuxca 23px Chief Wimihsoor
71 Kawlegawaho Toppiké Flag of Kawlegawaho (The Kalmar Union).svg General Monchousia
72 Baxojeyuh Ayux Flag of Baxojeyuh (The Kalmar Union).svg King Maxuhga V
73 Otoewa Chono Ca Pe Flag of Otoewa (The Kalmar Union).svg General Shaumonkeusse
74 Omahaghenu Ton Won Tonga Flag of Omahaghenu (The Kalmar Union).svg General Akondabpa
75 Poncaland Keya Flag of Poncaland (The Kalmar Union).svg General Moniaki
76 Tsetsehestahesia Sahiyena Flag of Tsetsehestahesia (The Kalmar Union).svg Okuhhatuh
77 Shoshoneland Tukuaduka Flag of Shoshoneland (The Kalmar Union) General He-Dow 1,633,950
78 Kidütökaland Tuvi 23px Chief Winnemucca
79 Molalawa Umpqua Flag of Molalawa (The Kalmar Union) Prince Abiqua
80 Natinixwa Hup Flag of Natinixwa (The Kalmar Union).svg King Ishkeesh 775,257
81 Shastaland Shasta 23px Prince Karuk
82 Modocland Kun Hagakni Flag of Modocland (The Kalmar Union) Prince Keintpoos III 29,100
83 Achumawiland Ilmawi Flag of Achumawiland (The Kalmar Union) President Talakayi 222,300
84 Atsugkriga Pashha Flag of Atsugkriga (The Kalmar Union).svg Chief Apwar 143,200
85 Maiduland Pakanyani 23px Chief Tsi Akim
86 Waashiland Megel 23px So Dat La
87 Wintuland Cana 23px Prince Puilulimen
88 North Yokutland Tehama 23px Chief Cucunuchi
89 Western Maiduland Wyo 23px Chief Yolan
90 Nisenanland Sulapy 23px Prince Sam-Yeto III
91 Chinese Leifia Lingyu Flag of Chinese Leifia (The Kalmar Union).svg Emperor Yongye 841,600
92 Ohlonemark Romonan Flag of Ohlonemark (The Kalmar Union).svg King Xigmacse II 3,046,700
93 South Yokutland Yokuta 23px Prince Yoscolo
94 Esselenmark En'nesen Flag of Esselenmark (The Kalmar Union) Chief Lenajan 207,285
95 Chumashmark Soxtonoxmu Flag of Chumashmark (The Kalmar Union).svg Prince Helek 1,634,800
96 Tongval Puvungna Flag of Tongval (The Kalmar Union).svg General Chingichn 1,733,200
97 Mexica Tenochtitlan Flag of Mexica (The Kalmar Union).svg Emperor Ahuitzotl IV 135,500,000*

*The population of Mexica is an estimation.

Leifia Nations numbered

Emigration to Leifia

Most Leifian nations do not allow foreign nationals to settle within their states. This is generally due to cultural concerns or worries that the native traditions and language will be engulfed by that of the incoming settlers. This has much to do with the controversial settlement of Rolegurfolkland by Icelandic families in the 17th century which led to the peoples there losing their separate identity. This effective ban by most states has prevented large numbers of Europeans emigrating to Leifia. Even the Norse descended states of Vinland and Álengiamark are not overly fond of large numbers arriving, mainly due to the perceived lack of free land, and therefore place a yearly cap on the number of incoming settlers. Those who do emigrate tend to come from the Kalmar states however.

The original settlement by Europeans of the modern nations of Vinland and Álengiamark occured during the 11th and 12th centuries - though the majority of the settlers were Icelandic or Greenlandic various other nationalities were involved. Cornish fleeing the destruction of their kingdom by Wessex as well and Irish, Scots and Anglians joining the 'Wampanoag Crusade' (see Snaedis I) settled and intermarried with the Norse and the native tribes. As the Black Death repeatedly reared its head in Europe in the 14th century there was little impetus to emigrate to Leifia as populations struggled to restore themselves to previous levels. This co-incided with a large degree of nation building in Leifia and once Europe was ready again to export its over-population many of the previous potential settlement areas were now blocked to them.

An outlet of sorts was found in the Carib and Taino islands after the European powers had largely divided them up. Many Dutch and Iberians would eagerly emigrate. However, land competition with the native populations made sure the period of settlement was quite limited and numbers relatively small.

Religious turmoil in Europe after the reformation led some persecuted groups, primarily from the Holy Roman Empire or Wessex; such as the Anabaptists under Joost Cassens, to emigrate to Vinland. There was no conscious effort to attract settlers, though it was certainly the most religiously liberal Leifian state at the time, instead it merely welcomed several large groups of Europeans to help settle the largely uninhabited Hafsvaedaland, just as it had moved Greenlanders and Icelanders in previous centuries. Icelanders would also settle en mass in Rolegurfolkland (as above) as well as in Keewatin Territory, alongside Germans and Irish following various natural disasters in their homeland.

During the Wars of Patwin Partition the previously remote Western Leifian nations began to reform and open up. With increasing trade opportunities many settlers were tempted to cross into the far west. While these were mostly Danes many Aragonese and French were also involved. The 'Danas' communities of Ohlonemark and Chumashland are descended from these and still can be found speaking Danish out in the valleys. Meanwhile in Ktunaxa and the Klallam Federation, the development of cities and central government was in some ways spearheaded by the influx of Europeans.

War would provide the next significant influx of Europeans as the devastation caused by Great Baltic War to led many thousands of Svealanders and Finns to chance their fortunes in Leifia. Álengiamark, which had recently regained central control of its disparate parts was opening up the swamps and forest in its south, accepted large numbers of these and Nanticokeland Fylke has a significant minority who claim Svealandic and Finnish descent. In the same way Dasamongueponkland attracted large numbers of Scandinavians to resettle its farmland abandoned after centuries of war and misfortune.

It is assumed that the completion of the Trans-Leifian railway will allow settlers to reach the West coast more easily and spread the burden out from Vinland and Álengiamark. While this may not actually increase numbers arriving it may change attitudes throughout Leifia in the long run. The largest development, however, is the Polish colony of Nowych Katowice. A fortress city built on Tunican land leased to the Polish crown for 299 years it is meant to be the centrepiece of the Mississippi Defense Line (MDL). With the completition of a rail link to the Mexic Gulf the city is now predicted to grow by 10,000 a month as Poles and Ruthenians take up offers to move to the city, building the defence line in return for the necessary materials to build their own houses.


Háflaeykir

Háflaeykir is a team sport extremely popular in the Leifian North-East.

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