League of Cambrai (Pax Columbia)
War of the League of Cambrai
Timeline: Pax Columbia

[[Image:Northern Italy in 1494|293px|League of Cambrai (Pax Columbia)]]

Date 1508-1516
Location Italy and France
Result Victory and consolidation of Northern Italy, weakening of the Papal States and France

600px-Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg Papal States

Pavillon royal de la France France

Ferrara Duchy of Ferrara

Flag of Scotland Scotland

Flag of Milan Duchy of Milan

Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice Duchy of Venice

Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) Holy Roman Empire

Flag of England England

Flag of Cross of Burgundy Spain

Flag of Switzerland Swiss Mercenaries

Casualties and losses

6555+ killed, 13,000 Injured

4500+ killed, 11,000 Injured

The War of the League of Cambrai, sometimes known as the War of the Holy League and by several other names, was a major conflict in the Italian Wars. The principal participants of the war, which was fought from 1508 to 1516, were France, the Papal States and the Republic of Venice; they were joined, at various times, by nearly every significant power in Western Europe, including Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, Scotland, the Duchy of Milan, Florence, the Duchy of Ferrara, and Swiss mercenaries.


Pope Julius II, intending to curb Venetian influence in northern Italy, had created the League of Cambrai, an anti-Venetian alliance that included, besides himself, Louis XII of France, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Ferdinand II of Aragon. Although the League was initially successful, friction between Julius and Louis caused it to collapse by 1510 after the death of Julius.


The Veneto–Holy Roman alliance eventually expanded into the Holy League, which drove the French from Italy in 1512. Under the leadership of Leonardo I, the Venetians would, through their victory at Marignano in 1515, gain the territory of Milan; the treaties of Noyon and Brussels, which ended the war the next year, would expand the map of Italy.

The loss of papal foreign influence would directly result in the Papal Crusades.

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