The Lati Rii Daju is the official constitution of the Oyo Empire, codifying all of the laws of the Oyo into a single, comprehensive document.


Social Organization

  • Article 1: The Great and Honorable Empire of the Oyo is divided into sixteen clans of warriors, five clans of marabouts and priests, four groups of "meya" and one group of slaves. Each one has a specific activity and role.
  • Article 2: The "meya" (castes) must devote themselves to tell the truth to the chiefs, to be their counsellors and to defend by the speech the established rulers and the order upon the whole territory.
  • Article 3: The five clans of marabouts and priests are our teachers and our educators in Islam and Christianity. Everyone has to hold them in respect and consideration.
  • Article 4: The society is divided into age groups. Those born during a period of three years in succession belong to the same age-group. The members of the intermediary class between young and old people, should be invited to take part in the making of important decisions concerning the society.
  • Article 5: Everybody has a right to life, worship, and to the preservation of physical integrity. Accordingly, any attempt to deprive one's fellow being of life is punished with death.
  • Article 6: To win the battle of prosperity, the general system of supervision has been established to fight against laziness and idleness.
  • Article 7: The ìbáṣọrẹ (joking relationship) and the ẹjẹ ilana (blood pact) have been established among the Oyo. Consequently any contention that occurs among these groups should not degenerate the respect for one another being the rule. Between brothers-in-law and sisters-in-law, between grandparents and grandchildren, tolerance should be the principle.
  • Article 8: The sons of Oranyan are nominated the true heirs to the empire and the throne of Oyo.
  • Article 9: Children's education behooves the entire society. The paternal authority in consequence falls to everyone.
  • Article 10: We should offer condolences mutually.
  • Article 11: When your wife or your child runs away, stop running after them in the neighbour's house.
  • Article 12: The succession being patrilinear, never relinquish power to a son when one of his father's brothers is still alive. Never relinquish power to a minor just because he has goods.
  • Article 13: Never offend those the way you yourself would not wish to be offended.
  • Article 14: Never offend women, our mothers.
  • Article 15: Never beat a married woman before her husband has tried to correct the problem.
  • Article 16: Women, apart from their everyday occupations, should be associated with all our managements.
  • Article 17: Lies that have lived for 40 years should be considered like truths.
  • Article 18: We should respect the law of primogeniture.
  • Article 19: Any man has two parents-in-law: We have to hold them in respect and consideration.
  • Article 20: Do not ill treat the slaves. We are the master of the slave but not the bag he carries.
  • Article 21: Do not follow up with your constant attentions the wives of the chief, of the neighbor, of the marabout, of the priest, of the friend and of the partner.
  • Article 22: Vanity is the sign of weakness and humility the sign of greatness.
  • Article 23: Never betray one another. Respect your word of honor.
  • Article 24: In Oyo, do not maltreat the foreigners.
  • Article 25: The ambassador does not risk anything in Oyo.
  • Article 26: The bull confided to your care should not lead the cattle-pen.
  • Article 27: A girl can be given in marriage as soon as she is pubescent without age determination.
  • Article 28: A young man can marry at age 18.
  • Article 29: The dowry is fixed at 3 cows: one for the girl, two for the father and mother. If no cattle is too be had, the dowry is instead fixed at sixty silver nkan: thirty for the girl, fifteen for the father and mother.
  • Article 30: In Oyo, divorce is tolerated for one of the following reasons: the infidelity of the husband or wife, the madness of one of the spouses, the husband's incapability of assuming the obligations due to the marriage. The divorce should occur out of the village.
  • Article 31: We should help those who are in need.

Of Goods

  • Article 32: There are five ways to acquire property: buying, donation, exchange, work and inheriting. Any other form without convincing testimony is doubtful.
  • Article 33: Any object found without a known owner becomes common property only after four years.
  • Article 34: The fourth heifer born is the property of the guardian of the heifer. One egg out of four is the property of the guardian of the laying hen.
  • Article 35: One bovine should be exchanged for four sheep or four goats.
  • Article 36: To satisfy one's hunger is not robbery if you don't take away anything in your bag or your pocket.

Preservation of Nature

  • Article 37: The Ori Oloye (Head Hunter) is nominated chief of hunters.
  • Article 38: Before setting fire to the bush, don't look down at the ground, raise your head in the direction of the top of the trees to see whether they bear fruits or flowers.
  • Article 39: Domestic animals should be tied during cultivation and freed after the harvest. The dog, the cat, the duck and the poultry are not bound by the measure.

Final Disposals

  • Article 40: Respect kinship, marriage and the neighborhood.
  • Article 41: You can kill the enemy, but not humiliate him.
  • Article 42: In big assemblies, be satisfied with your lawful representatives.
  • Article 43: Ga Lẹjọ (High Judge) is nominated chief of ceremonies and main mediator in Oyo. He is allowed to joke with all groups, in priority with the royal family.
  • Article 44: All those who will transgress these rules will be punished. Everyone is bound to make effective their implementation.

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