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Alternate History

Languages (Without Islam)

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Languages by number of speakers

The following languages are listed as having 50 million or more native speakers in the 2015. Speaker totals are generally not reliable, as they add together estimates from different dates. 1st Chinese | 1,213 million (1,160 in China, 23.2 in Taiwan, 9.3 in Thailand, 6.6 in Malaysia, 2.8 in Singapore, 2.5 in the USA, 2.4 in Indonesia, 1.3 in Burma, 4.9 in other countries)

2nd Spanish | 472 million (120.3 in Mexico, 47.8 in Colombia, 43.1 in Argentina, 38.5 in Spain, 34.2 in the USA, 33.1 in Venezuela, 28.4 in Peru, 17.9 in Chile, 15.6 in Ecuador, 14.7 in Guatemala, 11.2 in Cuba, 9.9 in Dominican Republic, 9.5 in Bolivia, 8.3 in Honduras, 6.7 in Paraguay, 6.3 in El Salvador, 5.8 in Nicaragua, 4.2 in Costa Rica, 3.6 in Panama, 3.5 in Puerto Rico, 3.4 in Catalonia, 3.3 in Uruguay, 2.7 in other countries)

3rd English | 472 million (233.8 in the USA, 63.2 in the UK, 21.7 in Australia, 4.9 in South Africa, 4.5 in New Zealand, 4.3 in Ireland,

Afro-Asiatic

Chadic

Central Chadic

1. Bata

2. Bura

3. Gidar

4. Higgi

5. Kamwe

6. Musgu

7. Yedina

East Chadic

1. Dangla

2. Kera

3. Mukulu

4. Nancere

5. Sokoro

6. Tumak

West Chadic

1. Bade

2. Barawa

3. Bole

4. Gwandara

5. Hausa | Yaren Hausa

● co-official: Nigeria / national: Niger / regional: Benin, Cameroon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo

6. Ngas

7. Ron

8. Tangale

9. Warji

10. Yiwom

Hamitic

Cushitic

Central Cushitic

1. Agaw | ‘Awŋi

● regional: Ethiopia

East Cushitic

1. Afar | ዓፋር | Qafár af

● co-official: Djibouti / regional: Abyssinia, Ethiopia

2. Arbore

3. Aweer

4. Boni

5. Daasanach

6. Gawwada

7. Gedeo | Gedeo Afa

● regional: Ethiopia

8. Kambata | Kambaata Afoo

● regional: Ethiopia

9. Konso | Afa Kareti

● regional: Ethiopia

10. Ongota

11. Oromo | Afaan Oromoo

● regional: Ethiopia

12. Sidamo | Sidaamu Afoo

● regional: Ethiopia

13. Somali | Af-Soomaali

● official: Somalia / co-official: Djibouti / regional: Ethiopia

North Cushitic

1. Beja | Tu-Bdhaawi

● co-official: Eritrea

South Cushitic

†Asa

†Kw'adza

1. Alagwa

2. Burunge

3. Gorowa

4. Iraqw | Kángw Iraqw

● regional: Tanzania

West Cushitic

1. Alaba | Alaaba-K’abeena

● regional: Ethiopia

Egyptian

†Archaic Egyptian

†Ancient Egyptian

†Middle Egyptian

1. Modern Egyptian | μϵτ.Ρϵμϵɴkῑμι | met.Remenkīmi

● official: Egypt / co-official: Eritrea, Nubia / regional: Libya

Mauro-Libyan

†Guanche

†Numidian

†Old Moorish

1. Moorish | ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ | Tamazight

● official: Mauritania / co-official: Africa, Libya

2. Tuareg | ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵌⴰⵆ | Tamasheq

● regional: Libya, Mauritania, Niger

Omotic

North Omotic

1. Bench | Bencnon

● regional: Ethiopia

2. Dizin

3. Gonga

4. Mao

5. Nayi

6. Sheko

7. Yem

South Omotic

1. Aari | Aarai

● regional: Ethiopia

2. Dime

3. Hamer

Semitic

Central Semitic

†Amorite

†Phoenician

1. Arabic | العَرَبِيةُ | al-ʻarabiyyah

● official: Arabia, Bahrain, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Syria, UAE, Yemen / co-official: Eritrea / regional: Iran

2. Aramaic | ܐܪܡܝܐ | Arāmāyā

● regional: Iran, Syria

3. Hebrew | עברית | Ivrit

● official: Israel

South Semitic

Ethiopian

†Ge'ez | ግዕዝ | Gəʿəz

● liturgical use

1. Amharic | አማርኛ | Amarɨñña

● official: Ethiopia

2. Harari

3. Tigre | ትግራይት | Tigrayit

● regional: Ethiopia

4. Tigrinya | ትግርኛ | Tigriññā

● official: Abyssinia / regional: Ethiopia

South Arabian

†Minaean

†Sabaean

Indo-European

Anatolian

†Hittite

†Luwian

†Lydian

Armenian

†Classical Armenian

†Middle Armenian

1. Armenian | հայերեն | hayeren

● official: Armenia / regional: Greece, Lebanon

Balkan

†Illyrian

†Liburnian

†Messapian

†Thracian

1. Albanian | shqip

● official: Albania / regional: Macedonia, Serbia

Baltic

Western Baltic

†Galindian

†Old Prussian

†Sudovian

Eastern Baltic

†Selonian

†Semigallian

1. Latvian | latviešu valoda

● official: Latvia

2. Lithuanian | lietuvių kalba

● official: Lithuanian / regional: Poland

Celtic

Continental Celtic

†Celtiberian

†Galatian

†Gallaecian

†Gaulish

†Lepontic

†Noric

Insular Celtic

1. Breton | Brezhoneg

● regional: France

2. Cornish

3. Irish | Gaeilge

● official: Ireland / regional: United Kingdom

4. Manx

5. Scottish Gaelic | Gàidhlig

● regional: United Kingdom

6. Welsh | Cymraeg

● regional: United Kingdom

Germanic

East Germanic

†Burgundian

†Gothic

†Vandalic

North Germanic

†Old Norse

1. Danish | dansk

● official: Denmark, Greenland / regional: Germany

2. Faroese | føroyskt

● regional: Denmark

3. Icelandic | íslenska

● official: Iceland

4. Norwegian | norsk

● official: Norway

5. Swedish | svenska

● official: Finland, Sweden

West Germanic

Anglic

†Middle English

†Northumbrian

†West Saxon

1. English

● official: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cook Islands, Dominica, Equatoria, Fiji, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Ireland, Jamaica, Lesotho, Liberia, Moncalpe, Namibia, Newfoundland, New Zealand, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe / co-official: India

2. Scots | Scots

● regional: United Kingdom

Frisian

†Old Frisian

1. Frisian | Frysk

● regional: Germany, Netherlands

High German

†Old High German

1. German | Deutsch

● official: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Switzerland / regional: Italy

2. Yiddish | יידיש | yidish

● official: Jewishland / regional: Israel

Low German

†Old Frankish

†Old Saxon

1. Dutch | Nederlands

● official: Aruba, Belgium (as Flemish), Curaçao, Netherlands, Sint Maarten, South Africa, Suriname / regional: Botswana, Namibia

Hellenic

†Ancient Macedonian

†Old Greek

1. Greek | Ελληνικά | Ellēniká

● official: Greece, Libya / regional: Egypt, Syria

2. Yevanic | יווניטיקה | Yebaniká

● regional: Israel

Indo-Iranian

Indo-Aryan

Iranian

†Avestan

Eastern

†Bactrian

†Chorasmian

†Scythian

†Sogdian

1. Ossetian | Iron ævzag

● regional: Turkey

2. Pashto | پښتو | Pax̌tō

● official: Afghanistan

Western

†Median

†Old Azeri

†Old Persian

†Parthian

1. Balochi | بلوچی | Balojî

● official: Balochistan / regional: Iran

2. Gilaki | گیلکی | Giləki

● regional: Iran

3. Kurdish | کوردی | Kurdî

● regional: Armenia, Greece, Iran

4. Khuri

5. Larestani

6. Lurish

7. Mazandarani | مازندرانی | Mazanderani

● regional: Iran

8. Persian | فارسی | Fārsi

● official: Afghanistan, Iran / regional: Azerbaijan, Turkey

9. Semnani

10. Talysh

11. Tati

Nuristani

Italic

Latino-Faliscan

†Faliscan

†Latin

Romance languages

1. Aragonese | aragonés

● regional: Spain

2. Asturian | asturianu

● regional: Portugal (as Mirandese), Spain

3. Catalan | català

● official: Andorra, Catalonia / regional: France, Spain (as Valencian)

4. Corsican | corsu

● regional: France, Italy

5. French | français

● official: Belgium, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo (Democratic Republic), Congo (Republic), Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon, Guiana, Guinea, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Monaco, New Caledonia, Niger, Quebec, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland, Togo, Vanuatu / administrative: Cambodia, Laos, Lebanon, Mauritania, Mauritius, Vietnam / regional: Italy, United States

6. Friulian | Furlan

● regional: Italy

7. Italian | italiano

● official: Africa, Italy, Libya, San Marino, Switzerland, Vatican City / regional: Croatia, Slovenia

8. Ligurian | Lìgûre

● regional: Italy

9. Neapolitan | napulitano

● regional: Italy

10. Occitan | occitan

● regional: Catalonia, France

11. Portuguese | Português

● official: Angola, Brazil, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea and Cape Verde, Mozambique, Portugal, São Tomé and Príncipe / regional: China, Spain (as Galician)

12. Romanian | româneshti

● official: Romanian / regional: Macedonia

13. Romansh | Rumàntsch

● official: Switzerland

14. Sardinian | sardu

● regional: Italy

15. Sicilian | Sicilianu

● regional: Italy

16. Spanish | castellano

● official: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, Venezuela / regional: United States

17. Venetian | Vèneto

● regional: Italy

Osco-Umbrian

†Oscan

†Picene

†Sabine

†Umbrian

Slavic

East Slavic

South Slavic

Eastern South Slavic

†Old Slavonic

1. Bulgarian | български език | bǎlgarski ezik

● official: Bulgaria / regional: Bessarabia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine

2. Macedonian | Македонски јазик | Makedonski jazik

● official: Macedonia / regional: Albania, Romania, Serbia

Western South Slavic

1. Serbo-Croatian | српскохрватски | srpskohrvatski

● official: Bosnia, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia / regional: Austria, Macedonia

2. Slovene | slovenščina

● official: Slovenia / regional: Austria, Hungary, Italy

West Slavic

Nilo-Tenerean

Central African

1. Asoa

2. Bagirmi

3. Berta

4. Bongo

5. Efé

6. Fur | fòòraŋ bèle

● official: Darfur

7. Gbaya

8. Gumuz

9. Koman

10. Kuliak

11. Kunama

12. Lendu

13. Lese

14. Maban

15. Mangbetu

16. Moru

17. Mvuba

18. Ngiti

19. Sara

20. Vale

Nilotic

Northern Nilotic

†Old Nubian

1. Nara

2. Nubian | Νωϐαɴ ταμϵɴ | Nuban tamen

● official: Nubia

3. Taman

Southern Nilotic

1. Bari

2. Datooga

3. Dinka | Thuɔŋjäŋ

● official: Equatoria

4. Lotuko

5. Luo

6. Maasai | ɔl Maa

● regional: Kenya, Tanzania

7. Ongamo

8. Samburu

9. Teso

10. Turkana

Songhay

1. Songhay

Tenerean

1. Beria

2. Daza

3. Kanembu

4. Kanuri

5. Teda

Vasconic

†Aquitanian

1. Basque | Euskara

● regional: France, Spain

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