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Land of my Fathers
The Land of my Fathers ATL takes place after the successful assassination of the British Prime Minister John Major by the IRA. As a result, the political situation in the British Isles de-stabilizes. Few OTL patterns re-appear across the globe, however, the destabilization of one of the strongest democracies in Europe does take a toll on European welfare.
The IRA was formed in 1917 in order to liberate Ireland from British rule. In protest to the Anglo-Irish treaty, portions of the IRA split off from the Republic and over the course of the next century, orchestrated bombings, assassinations, and various conflicts, primarily with the UK, though known to occasionally deviate into West Germany, the Republic of Ireland, and Greece. In 1991, the IRA orchestrated an attack on 10 Downing Street in order to kill the British Prime Minister, John Major.
On February 7th, 1991, the attempt succeeds, and John Major is killed. The Deputy Prime Minister, Michael Heseltine, takes power in his place. This successful assassination takes a toll on the United Kingdom as a whole yet serves as a rallying cry to other home-grown nationalist movements in the UK. The governments of Scotland and Wales consider seceding from the United Kingdom, as national defense becomes a concern.
On February 24th, 1991, the Irish Republican Army performs another mortar bombing on the Palace of Westminster, targeting members of the House of Lords and House of Commons. The attack itself costs many lives, both for the IRA and the UK. Neither side claims victory in the conflict due to the casualties. For the next three and a half months, the IRA enters a state of turmoil within itself over various political and humanitarian issues, splitting into several factions, among which are the NUIRA, UPIRA, an ISFA. Each would conduct it's own attacks and affairs separately from each other. The Scottish National Liberation Army and Free Wales Army, both formed earlier in the century, experience an increase in membership and begins performing it's own attacks similar in scale to the Feb. 7th and Feb. 24th attacks. The British enforcement was struggling to enforce peace with such frequent attacks that the governments of On June 20th, 1991, Wales and Scotland held public referenda for independence against the will of the British government. On June 23rd, The British, in order to compensate for the sheer amount of damage being done to the public and the government, forfeited and withdrew from the Gulf War, which at the time, was becoming more and more of a burden on the Armed Forces and costing more than it was worth. Troops stationed in the Arabian Gulf, Western Germany, and re-stationed them at points in Glasgow, Belfast, Cardiff, and areas in the Scottish Highlands on the 24th and 25th of June. The prime minister, Michael Heseltine appointed himself as Secretary for State of Defense and, with the support of the Cabinet, the Queen, and himself, had officially stationed the forces in Scotland and Wales by June 26th before the unauthorized referenda could take place. The Scottish and Welsh governments were outraged by this unprecedented violation of the United Kingdom's laws and proceeded to declare independence from the UK regardless of the troop presence within their borders. After doing so, they both accused the UK of violating their borders. The United Kingdom issued an announcement to the world advising other nations not to recognize Scottish or Welsh independence, stating that the whole ordeal was only anti-government insurgents such as Óglaigh na hÉireann, the Irish Republican Army, militarily ceasing land. The governments of Wales (now the United Welsh Republic, controlled primarily by the party Plaid Cymru, and the Provisional Republic of Scotland, primarily by the Scottish Nationmy, Navy, a alist Party) declared war on the United Kingdom, while Irish Republic politicians became sympathetic to the cause and eventually declared war on the UK was well. Wales on the 1st of August, Scotland on the 3rd of August, and Ireland on the 12th of August. The following time period was extremely bloody, as the UK fought on three fronts to maintain territory in Britain. This resulted in a collapse of a stable government in areas effected by the war. As a result, various Scottish Clans militarily maintained power in various small pockets in the West of Scotland. The fighting continued and the Soviet Union, now close to total collapse, saw an opportunity to spread communist ideals in the violence, by means of the fledgling governments.This became yet another front for the Cold War as the United States caught wind of this, seeking to spread capitalist ideals by the same means. The Soviets provided indirect support to Ireland, Wales, and Scotland. Neither superpower declared their support for the clans quickly declaring their own independence from both the Provisional Republic of Scotland and the United Kingdom, their figurehead Chieftain leaders publicly voicing their hatred of both nations. Fighting continued in a similar manner until the end of the year.
In December of 1991, the Soviet Union was disbanded. The newly formed state of Russia provided limited support to the Celtic belligerents in the war, but it was a significant drawback.
The Scottish Clans were receiving Soviet weaponry indirectly from the Irish black market. The Clans closer to the Southern front with the United Kingdom were beginning to lose land quickly as their trickle of supplies and weaponry began to dwindle. On the 17th of March, all Scottish Clan governments met to discuss a solution in the occupied city of Glasgow, under joint control of Clan Cameron and Clan Donald. On the 18th of March, the smaller Clans of the south of Scotland banded together to form the Hounds of Alba, composed of the Clans Donald, Campbell, Cameron, Maclean, Menzie, MacNab, Stewart, MacDougall, and Chattan. The Hounds of Alba, as it was now widely known, combined all the occupied territories of these Clans. The Hounds of Alba did not support the provisional governments of Scotland or Wales but are strictly against performing any terrorist acts against them. The Hounds of Alba strongly disapprove of the United Kingdom. The Hounds of Alba was formed under the intention to spearhead an Extremist Celtic Revival and eventually overthrow the government of the UK. The organization quickly gained land south, staying out of the territories of Clans that did not want to participate and staying out of the borders of the Scottish Provisional Government. The HoA quickly overwhelmed the Isle of Mann, which was abandoned by the British after the Anglo-Irish Battle of Mann.
The HoA has been on the worldwide terrorist watch list for 24 years and is ranked just above various Religious extremist organizations.
On Nov. 6 of 1992, the HoA engaged the United Kingdom forces 50 km south of Glasgow in the first known official conflict between the two belligerents. Though the British had air superiority, the HoA had the benefit of knowing the territory and being more adjusted than the British and were able to outlast the British forces. On Nov. 14th, after 8 days of fighting, the British abandoned the 1st Highland F.O.B. to the Hounds of Alba, retreating over the border.
Meanwhile, in Wales, the provisional government was on the brink of falling to the British. Without significant international support and lack of a trained military, the small republic had little chance against the UK. The country was primarily defended by former members of the Free Wales Army and members of Meibion Glyndŵr. Wales received frequent aid from the Republic of Ireland and the Provisional Republic of Scotland and even the Hounds of Alba, but eventually, on December 12th, 1992, British Forces marched in to Cardiff, Wales, and arrested members of the Welsh government. The fighting did not cease until December 24th, with the British eventually firing mortars on the outskirts of the city where the Welsh were encamped. Irish troops withdrew to the Isle of Mann with HoA's permission, their retreat being covered by British Navy ships hijacked by the HoA.
On the 1st of January, 1993, the Hounds of Alba launched an invasion of British-occupied Wales, mortaring encamped British troops just inland of the northern shore.
Over the period of 3 months, the British slowly retreat due to dwindling resources and overwhelming opposition. The British were eventually driven into the south.
On January 20th, 1993, Bill Clinton delivered his inaugural address to the United States of America, addressing the decaying political structure in the Middle East as well as the issue in the British Isles. Bill Clinton publicly condemned the Provisional Scottish Government, Hounds of Alba, and Scottish Paramilitary Clan-states for 'betrayal and insubordination to their country' (in reference to the UK) and the Republic of Ireland, for 'assisting terrorists and blatantly disrespecting the United Kingdom'. On January 21st, 1993, every single Scottish Clan-State as well as the Hounds of Alba issued a separate reply, various answers regarding the 'security of a free state in the British Isles'. The Scottish Provisional Republic and Republic of Ireland did not issue a reply.
Many times later that year, Irish politicians publicly condemned the United States of America, causing political strife between the two nations. Various Scottish figureheads did the same, even going so far as to say America is a 'tyrant state that denies unalienable rights to their citizens'. Turmoil was caused in the Scottish governments as to what the various Scottish movements' final replies would be.
On May 10th, 1994, the United States of America declared war on the Republic of Ireland after a 58-42 vote in Congress. The Irish-American War then began. It was thought that if America could defeat Ireland, then Scotland and the HoA would be defenseless. The war was justified by the 1958 UK-US Defense pact. On May 20th, 1994, the American Navy blockaded the isle of Ireland, placing economic sanctions on the same day. The American congress wanted to outlast the Irish and eventually force them to surrender with no casualties on any sides.
On May 22nd, the Republic of Ireland declared war on America after America had placed sanctions on them and violated sea and airspace. British reinforcements to America's troops arrived on the 23rd. On May 27th, British Parliament and U.S. Congress authorized the massed troops to perform an amphibious landing. Plans were conducted to land in the Northwest portion of Ireland. The Celtic belligerents caught wind of this plan, setting up their own defense and counterattacks just inland.
On June 2nd, the UK-US Coalition landed on the Northwestern coast of Ireland and was met with heavy resistance from troops stationed by a coalition led by Ireland, and composed of Scotland, HoA, and various Scottish Clans.
There were heavy casualties on both sides of the conflict, however, US-UK Landing points Dallas, Victoria, and Washington succeeded in their onslaughts.