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|Ladino / Linguas djudeo-romanses|
Judaeo-Romance languages / Lenguas judeorromances
|Spoken in||Maghreb, Iberia (Al-Andalus and Spain), Ifriqiya and southwestern Occitania|
|Ethnicity||Spanish and Andalusian Jews|
|Writing system||Mainly Latin alphabet; (originally Rashi and Solitreo) also Hebrew and Arabic|
Ladino (or Judaeo-Romance) is a group and continuum of dialects largely derived from Romance languages. Ladino spoken by various Jewish communities (and their descendants) originating in regions where Romance languages predominate, and altered to such an extent to gain recognition as languages in their own right.
Several variants exists in Spain and Al-Andalus. Of these dialects the main ones are Judaeo-Spanish (Judezmo), Judaeo-Portuguese (Lusitanic), Judaeo-Aragonese and Judaeo-Catalan (Catalanic). There is also a Judaeo-Provençal (Shuadit).
Judaeo-Spanish (Judezmo) is the most spoken and prestigious dialect. The core vocabulary of Judaeo-Spanish is Castilian and it has numerous elements from contact with old Romance languages of the Iberian Peninsula, such as Old Aragonese, Astur-Leonese, Old Catalan, Old Portuguese and Mozarabic.
Historically, the Rashi script and its cursive form Solitreo were the main orthographies for writing Ladino. However since the 13th century it is mainly written with the Latin alphabet.