Dissolution of Religion (1260)
In the year 1260 an explosion at the Hadron Super Collider created a temporal black hole, causing time to run backwards. Calculations uncovered that the world would not be righted for another 755, so it was universally agreed upon that the year 1260 would be replaced with the year 1260. Countries that refuse to ratify this agreement, nicknamed the Antwerp Accords, continue to count time backwards (i.e. 2014, 2013, 2012). This is prevalent in Eastern Europe and in Southeast Asia.
In the year 1260 a resolution of the United Nations abolished religion. Immediately revolts broke out across France, leading to the Second French War of Religion. Additionally the Swiss Civil War began between certain religious elements and government officials.
Because of Global Warming the year 1260 was the start of an ice age. Millions died in the initial famines, and in many places a form of feudalism emerged to control the population. In Germany the church-backed Conservatives dominated the government, and began oppressive tactics on the people of Germany. This reactionary fervor led to the 1261 German Intervention across the Alps. A German invasion entered Switzerland on behalf of the undermanned religious units. Germany was quickly bogged down, and the Swiss united against the foreigners.
The Nuremberg Regimenter Paramilitary launched a coup in southern Germany that led to a civil war in the south in 1265. This led to Germany's vacating of Switzerland. The Freikorps was formed from mercenary groups and German soldiers still settled in northern Switzerland, who continued the fighting. Additionally the St. Gallen region was captured by the Freikorps, and the Transalpine Liberation Council was formed as a pro-German puppet and secession movement in the region.
In 1266 the nation of France collapsed from war. The Geneva-based Swiss fascist and military leader, Roland Nef, began using the French countryside to conceal his movements outside the Alps. Germany responded by sponsoring a coalition effort into France, but this led to the Provisional French government declaring war on Germany and her allies. Nef made a strategic alliance with Jacques Doriot of the French Popular Party, who sought to establish a Swiss-friendly fascist government. The Popular Party gained widespread support after the German intervention, as many flocked to its ranks to join a fight against an invading body.
During this time Russia also began widespread invasions into Eastern Europe, causing an eastern coalition of the Baltic States, Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, and other nations to form. In the north the Second Winter War against the Nordic States ended in a stalemate. By 1267 Russia had occupied much of the east and had entered Poland. The United States launched a counterattack and occupied the Balkans. Under pressure from Russia Germany collapsed, with a Russian-backed communist government attempting to take power. A popular rebellion meanwhile ousted the conservatives, and in Frankfurt the German Confederation was declared.
In 1269 the Treaty of Warsaw ended the war in the east, with Russia now retaining much of Eastern Europe in some capacity. The Berlin Accords attempted to resolve the issue in Germany, however the southern states boycotted the event, leading to a north south divide and the German Confederacy War. A loose alliance of the southern states of Germany and Switzerland was formed, and in 1271 a truce was signed recognizing their secession from Germany.
Second Axis Europe (1271)
In the aftermath of the German Confederacy War the Treaty of Geneva was signed, creating the Second Axis Powers. Nef became supreme leader of Switzerland, and supported a 1272 operation in France that ousted the democratic government. The democrats fled to southern France, beginning the Occitanian Resistance. NATO allies launched an invasion to support the southern French, leading to a 1273 truce that established an occupied zone in the south.
The Fascist French government created internment camps for those who opposed the government, leading to a mass killing of thousands of individuals. Additionally the French supported an Irish revolution, that led to fascism in Ireland. The 1275 Irish War broke out when Ireland attempted to invade Northern Ireland. NATO-backed Nordic allies attempted to support the United Kingdom. Following the death of Queen Elizabeth II, a civil war broke out in England when parliament was dissolved. In 1280 peace was declared in Ireland establishing the status quo.
In 1280 the United States was invaded by the nations of China, for retaliating in supporting the Taiwan-German alliance. Nuclear weapons were used to destroy the United States. In a final act of desperation the nation of France was nuked by the United States in 1281. This led to the breakdown of the world as we know it. Those who survived adopted ancient technology and customs from the thirteenth century.
Second France (1281 - 1299)
Out of the ashes the French nation was reformed, as the "Second France", or Third French Empire. The fascists called for a second revolutionary movement, using the chaos of the war to attack the United Kingdom and other nations. As one of the few nations with a nuclear arsenal, France was unable to be stopped. Apocalypse oriented cults were formed that called 1281 "La Fin Du Monde", and declared that they were in heaven, or an afterlife under French authoritarianism.
Fascist colonies and protectorates were established in the aftermath of the United States. Americans were enslaved by the technologically superior French. Fascist feudalism had taken over in Europe, where the majority of the population lived as a thirteenth century peasant, and the elite utilized the best in modern day technology. Gradually outside Europe technology was forgotten, except in small city states in Japan, China, India, and South Africa.
Technology rapidly advanced in France, and the French government spearheaded advancement. The first French expedition to the moon was launched in 1285 from the Guiana. Additionally France led an invasion of the Guiana proper and attempted to civilize its population. One of the largest French colonies, Los Angeles, saw the construction of a French "above level"; a settlement thousands of feet below the old city, as well as flying components. This would be expanded further with the creation of the space elevator, which created a vertical settlement in Los Angeles that stretched as far as space.
Establishment of a Fascist Union (1299 - 1342)
The nation of France and some of its more civilized colonies formed the Fascist Union in 1299. This formally abolished any old American societies, and led to heavy genocide in North America. The French developed advanced sentinels and robots to control the population. France promoted civilization world wide, and nations such as Switzerland and Paraguay that adopted fascism were readily rewarded. In the early 1300s Paraguay began heavy colonization, and came to dominate much of the former Amazon. Switzerland began the 1298 Italian War, which sought to uproot the religious and conservative majorities in the former Republic of Italy.
Switzerland directly annexed parts of Italy, especially Savoy, while creating several dozen Italian protectorates and city states. Central Italy was largely destroyed, with a demilitarized zone south of Lazio marking the border with old Europe. In 1305 Greece was taken over by a Fascist government as well, and France began orchestrating an artificially created union under Greece consisting of much of the Balkans and Anatolia. The Balkan Wars of 1305 - 1322 ended with Greece subjugating Albania, Macedonia, Serbia, and western Turkey, but the union was increasingly unstable. A revolt in Croatia created the nation of Yugoslavia, the first fascist nation not aligned with any of the Axis Powers.
The Yugoslav War began in 1337, primarily between Greece and Yugoslavia. The Balkan people were genocided in large amounts, and Germany even supported colonization in the region. An entangling network of alliances and states formed during the war, but in 1340 Russia got involved, largely by proxy, creating a European wide war. Russia's intervention led to the introduction of the Axis in full, but in 1339 they signed the Sofia Accords, ending the conflict with Russian gains recognized in the Balkans.
The Greek Civil War broke out the following year, and a costly invasion was launched to support the fascist Greeks. The Fascist Union and its Axis allies were becoming increasingly under strain, and finally in 1342 the union broke up, causing a global crisis. France and its other states became independent, albeit largely still fascist, while the Axis Powers were dissolved. A panic in the Balkans led to war with Yugoslavia and Greece once more, ending in 1345 with Yugoslavia created a makeshift alliance with Russia.
Kingdom of France (1343)
The Kingdom of France was formed in 1343, with the Bonaparte dynasty returning to power. Bonaparte, a long time fascist and politician, marked the end of the fascist France era, although without undoing any of its work or progress. Although a feudal monarchy, Bonaparte retained many of the same institutions and policies.
Age of Enlightenment in Radiation Zone (1343 - 1444)
In 1343 to solidify its control over the country, the French monarchy launched its first military operation against the nation of Belgium. The Netherlands came to its aid, and much of the coast was quickly occupied. For years the Lowlands had been a secondary power and cheap imitation of France, however the war stunted any additional progress.
Much of Belgium was occupied by France, while the remaining Lowland powers, alongside city-states in the United Kingdom, formed the Orange Agreement, a military alliance against further French aggression. France was only unable to retaliate due to the outbreak of the Canadian War later that same year. As such, a truce was declared and a treaty between the Orange and French not signed until the 1355 Treaty of Brussels.
The Confederation of Canada had been the last bastion of republicanism in North America, formally uniting under one military effort for the first time in 1343. Canada sought to take advantage of French weakness after the dissolution of the Fascist Union, and possibly even conquer fascist territories in North America. Although the Canadians were initially successful, the French retaliated in force and managed to liberate Quebec. In Greenland the war developed into a fierce stalemate, while the Great Lakes campaign of early 1344 ended in French victory, and a Canadian withdrawal in the east.
In the summer of 1344 the costly Nunavut campaign resulted in a French victory, largely due to the nation's air superiority. Canada relied on native populations and skirmishers to use guerrilla tactics, stalling French "island-hopping" in the north. In 1345 the Treaty of Ontario officially ended the war, and Nunavut was made a French puppet in order to prevent this advantage in the future. Immediately afterword however the Nunavut Civil War began, as the population demanded independence or unification with Canada. In 1350 the French withdraw from Canada began, and the Saint Pierre Accords were signed formally splitting northern Canada into north and south. A constant state of war would continue, until Nunavut's independence in 1359.
During this time French technology spread outside Europe for the first time since Doomsday. An Age of Enlightenment occurred in North and South America, where people began to adopt modern amenities. This was largely prevented in fascist states in the former United States, however in former Brazil and other nations technology was used to aid in rapid industrialization.
Middle East War (1370 - 1402)
In 1370 the Middle East War broke out with a revolt in Turkey against the Greeks. When the fascist Greeks were repulsed from western Anatolia, the French monarchy approved an intervention in the Middle East. The Islamic State called for a jihad against the French, and the region descended into chaos. By 1371 Turkey was split east and west by a demilitarized zone, and the French-backed Turkish puppet, claiming ownership over the whole nation, collapsed in 1372 into various warlords and extremists, further destabilizing the region.
An extensive bombing campaign began across eastern Turkey. Concurrently France launched an invasion from Cyprus into the Levant, beginning a ground war in Syria. France created a puppet state out of Israel, earning the disdain of the Arab nations, who intervened against France. A second invasion into Egypt resulted in a stalemate, as France was unable to adequately control the occupied zone in northern Egypt. The Suez Canal and Sinai Peninsula were seized, and became the base for further French operations in the region.
A costly ground invasion across Saudi Arabia was launched, in which French tanks traversed the desert across the nation. Key settlements in the north of Saudi Arabia were taken, creating a perimeter in an effort to prevent Arabian shipping into the Mesopotamia region. An invasion was launched that liberated Kuwait City and established a French puppet, and the French military then headed an invasion of Iraq from the south in 1376.
Iraq fell by the end of the year, but the ensuing occupation, lasting fifteen years, did little to combat further insurgency or terrorism in the region. The Islamic State was largely conformed to Syria, where the Syrian Civil War broke out against their oppressive reign. France was unable to control the revolt, and as such a democratic provisional government independent of France was formed in 1377. A French-backed coup toppled the republic in 1380, and a dictatorship was formed that became extremely unpopular.
The Iraq-Iran War broke out in 1383, and for the next eight years the border region was devastated by biological and chemical attacks. In 1391 the war ended, and France formally began its withdraw from Iraq. That same year an invasion from the Suez was launched of Yemen and western Saudi Arabia, with an amphibious landing. This was in large part a last ditch effort to overthrow the Arab leaders in the peninsula, and stabilize the region. By 1392, the entire west coast was occupied, but the French were still unable to force Saudi Arabia's surrender.
Yemen was occupied in its entirety, and a puppet government emerged. In 1393 Yemen broke into north and south, as a civil war between Arab-aligned and French-aligned powers spilled over. The French established the protectorate of Hejaz, but with little industry or population, it was largely unable to defend itself. When France withdrew from the Arabian peninsula in 1402, ending the Middle East War, Hejaz was invaded by Saudi Arabia, Oman, Jordan, and other states, and collapsed that year.
In 1403 a caliphate was declared in Mecca, encompassing Saudi Arabia and northern Yemen. By 1405 the Yemen war had ended with the caliphate conquering the remainder of Oman and Yemen. The nation was largely united by a hatred for France and its allies, and in 1407 launched an invasion of Israel. The war ended in an Israeli victory, with the nation of Israel expanding its holdings in the region.
Turkey was united once more as an ally of the caliphate, and together they supported a civil war in Syria that saw the French-leaning dictator ousted in 1409 in favor of an Islamic theocracy. Iraq remained one of the few independent Muslim states in the region, and was united under an Islamic dictator after the French withdrawal. Iraq began modernizing and developing weapons of mass destruction, using French technology obtained during the war.