|Republic of Kurdistan|
KurmanjiTimeline: Scotland says "Yes"
OTL equivalent: Kurdistan
Map of Kurdistan (green), occupied areas (lighter green) and claimed areas (lightest green)
|Other cities||Sanandaj, Qamişlo|
|Government||Presidential federal republic|
|-||Minister of Peshmerga Affairs||Mustafa Qadir Mustafa Aziz|
|-||Erbil Conference||17th December 2015|
|-||Declaration of Independence||21th December 2015|
|-||Total|| 70,000 km2
27,027 sq mi
|-||2014 estimate||6.5 million|
|Drives on the||Right|
The Kurds are an ethnicity that lives in the Middle East, previously in the countries of Iraq, Syria, Iran and Turkey, before the nation (excluding Iran) gained independence.
The Kurds are first mentioned in the 7th century A.D. and have lived in these areas for over 1300 years. Since World War I with the fall of the Ottoman Empire a desire for independence and their own Kurdish state arose but was denied at the time and until 2013 there was heavy guerrilla fighting by the Kurds to gain independence.
It is only recently with the dramatic rise of ISIS that the Kurds have gained both notoriety and a degree of autonomy. They suddenly found their areas in much of Iraq and Syria unoccupied by government troops and facing a dangerous enemy alone, and so they fought hard against them stopping much of their significant advances.
On June 15th 2015 Alexander Salmond, the current First Minister of Scotland and the man said to be most likely to be Prime Minister of it, declared that he would recognize Kurdistan if elected as he sympathized with their struggle. This brought the issue of Kurdistan to the forefront of world politics and gave Alexander Salmond very easy solution to Syria as an issue. Many other politicians around the world in an attempt to provide an easy solution to ISIS agreed although no country recognized them.
On 24 November the Turks shot down a Russian jet for violating their airspace. Putin was irate and angry at the actions of Turkey and determined to bite back, but was offered a solution by a member of his cabinet, who had seen American politicians talking about Kurdistan. They gave Putin the suggestion to back Kurdistan as a country.
On 21 December, after four days of negotiation, Putin came out of a meeting with the Syrian, Iraqi, Iranian and Kurdish leaders as they all jointly declared Kurdistan a state. Several oil and mining companies then made deals with the Peshmerga which gave them enough money to take out loans from Russian banks to buy weapons to fight with.The cause of Kurdistan came to light very much when the Peshmerga on the 8th March 2016 using Russian equipment, such as T-72s and 2A65-Msta-Bs, launched a major assault and retook Tal Afar from ISIL. By the 9th they had secured offensive positions around the city, and on the 10th they besieged the city. On the 14th, Major gains were made by the Peshmerga, pushing ISIL forces to the centre of the city.
Main Article: Peshmerga
The Peshmerga are the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kurdistan. Peshmerga means "one who confronts death" or "one who faces death". The Peshmerga have had a large role in wars since the First World War, especially now against "ISIL", or Da'esh.
Kurdistan's economy is currently dominated by the oil industry, agriculture and tourism, especially due to its more peaceful nature compared to the rest of Iraq. However, more recently, due to the war with ISIL and tensions growing, fewer tourists have been visiting.
Due to the stability of the region, many people have been attracted from parts of Iraq, and it has extremely low poverty rates.
However, due to campaigns by Saddam Hussein's government, Kurdistan has had little time to modernize its infrastructure, and therefore is often less developed than the countries it used to be part of. Despite this, with aid from other nations and the prediction of a returning tourist trade, the economy is predicted to start to grow, allowing modernization.
Kurdistan is split into four quarters, after the former countries it was made up of, which are further divided into 21 Administrative Regions, in addition to three Military Districts.
List of Regions
Southern (Iraqi) Kurdistan
- Salah al-Din
Western (Syrian) KurdistanAlso known as Rojava ("The West")
- Hesîçe (Al-Hasakah)
Northern (Turkish) Kurdistan
At the moment only claimed - little or no control exerted. The named provinces are current Turkish ones, but if under Kurdish control, some are likely to be merged.
- Adiyeman (Adıyaman )
- Amed (Diyarbakır)
- Batmanê (Batman)
- Bîngolê (Bingöl)
- Dêrsimê (Tunceli)
- Ezirgan (Erzincan)
- Hekarî (Hakkâri)
- Meletî (Malatya)
- Mêrdîn (Mardin)
- Peniyan (Bitlis)
- Şırnak (Şirnex)
- Sêrt (Siirt)
- Xarpêt/Elezîz (Elâzığ)
In addition to the 21 administrative regions, there are three de facto Military Divisions. These are formed from the areas which Kurdish militants have liberated from ISIL. While run by local Peshmerga commanders, there are varying degrees of civilian control. The three Districts are:
- Idlib (Syria)
- Tell Abyad (Syria)
- Al Anbar (Iraq)
Kurdish officials have announced that, after both the defeat of ISIL and a solution is found to assimilate the claimed Turkish regions, the regions will be re-organised. This will be done ignoring the old national borders, and re-assimilating the Kurdish people, while still respecting the other nationalities and cultures who live in these areas. The new borders are scheduled to be publicly released by the end of 2016, with the changes taking place from mid-2017 and ending by 2020. Internally, this has been met with much support from both Kurds and other nationalities, though there are still some fears a loss of national identity for the now-minorities may occur. As such, the government has also pledged funding for integration while preserving national cultures.
Proposed Assyrian AutonomyThroughout Iraq's history there had been proposals for the establishment of an autonomous or independent state for the Syriac-speaking Assyrians. Many Kurdish politicians had publicly come out in support of annexing the area to the KRG as their fourth governorate, but this proved controversial, as many Assyrians saw this as a way to expand Kurdish power and influence.
With the Erbil Conference, many Assyrian areas were annexed. With discussions of re-organising the provinces, it has been proposed that the Nineveh plains area of the northern Nineveh province be given autonomy.