|Great Union of Korea and China|
("Let there be light on the Land and in the Heavens!")
("Great Patriotic Song")
|Capital||Beijing (primary), Hanseong (secondary)|
|Other cities||Pyeongyang, Busan, Ulsan, Bukgyeong, Sinsado, Nanjing, Shanghai, Guangdong,|
|Official languages||Korean, Mandarin|
|Ethnic groups||Han Chinese, Korean, Manchu, Xibe, Hui, Nivh, Ainu|
|Religion||Chinese folk religion, Confucianism, Nestorian Christianity, Catholicism, Mahayana Buddhism, Vajrayana Buddhism, Muism, Taoism|
|-||Yi dynasty overthrown||1500|
|-||Coronation of Kim Hwang||September 18, 1500|
|-||Normalization of Sino–Korean relations||1535|
|-||Re-acquisition of Manchuria||1562|
|-||Conquest of China||1627–1649|
|-||1650 estimate||approx. 137 million|
|Time zone||KST (UTC+9)|
|Date formats||yyyy(년, 年), mm(월, 月), dd(일, 天)|
With the first Korean state being Gojoseon, Korea had not emerged as a single state until the seventh century, after centuries of conflict among the Three Kingdoms of Korea; Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje. Under Unified Silla, Buddhism became cemented into Korean culture. However, a rigid caste system and a period of power-struggles between the aristocracy culminated in its dissolution into three states. In 935, Silla and its successor states were unified again under Goryeo, ending the Later Three Kingdoms period.
Goryeo was a highly cultured state and highly influenced by Buddhism, creating the Jikji document in the 14th century. In the 13th century, however, invasions initiated by the Mongol Empire prompted it to submit as a Mongolian vassal after long tiring campaigns. After the Yuan dynasty had collapsed, severe political strife ensued, resulting in an uprising led by General Yi Seonggyeo, who established the the current Yi dynasty in 1388. During the early 15th century, it experienced a zenith under Yi Do and Yi Hyorin. However, reprisals from China following brutal treatment of Manchus, isolationism, succession issues; which all resulted in general public disapproval, led to its deestablishment in 1500.
Since then, the Kim dynasty consolidated territorial integrity, overseeing militarization and an economic zenith. A dissatisfaction over the Bao dynasty and its pro–Muslim policies, Korea has successfully incorporated China into a dualistic union through a lengthy 22-year conquest. Korea–China enjoys the highest living standards in East Asia and is one of the most technologically sophisticated countries in the world; having independently discovered gunpowder, first to use meteorology in agriculture, among other scientific advancements.
The term Korea is the modern spelling of Corea, it is an exonym derived from Cauli, a transcription of the Chinese 高丽 (Pinyin: Gāolì), which was the Hanja characters for Goryeo.
Koreans refer to Korea as either 조선 (Romanisation: Joseon) whose Hanja characters mean the "Morning Calm", or 대한 (Romanisation: Dae Han). The first term was derived from the earlier term Gojoseon, the oldest known Korean polity. Go– is simply a prefix meaning "ancient" or "old", added so that the two could be distinguished. The latter term is derived from the root words meaning "Great" and "Han" (a term which Koreans refer to themselves).
Ascendancy of the House of Kim
Normalization of relations with China
Re-acquisition of Manchuria
Arrival of Christianity
First Korea–Japanese War
Reestablishment of tributary status
Discovery of precious metals
Conquest of China
Government and Politics
Korea–China is an absolute monarchy under the House of Kim. The Sino–Korean state-council is its legislative body, however, there is a decree that states all laws passed must receive prior approval from the monarch as well as a majority-vote.
Prominent members of the nobility are required to swear total allegiance to the royal family and the imperial court, and to perform the humiliating ritual of godu monthly. The act consists of three kneelings, with each involving three prostrations before the monarch.
Korea–China is divided into nineteen provinces (도, translit. do).
China is considered semi-isolationist in its foreign policy, barring trading relations with any country that refuses to pay tribute. There are four three exceptions: the Papal States, Russia, Britain, and Uluru. Britain however pays rent every five years to account for its lease of Hong Kong island, as well as gives commercial tribute, however the British King or Queen is not required to kowtow to the Chinese Emperor. The Russian Pacific Company pays tribute on behalf of the Russian Czar. Lastly, the Papal States is excluded for religious purposes and Uluru is a protectorate of China. The tributary system lays the basis for China's interactions with the rest of the world, with China maintaining a policy of subjugating its neighbors in order to establish a buffer zone surrounding China.
China has official foreign relations with the following nations. Sakha, North Mongolia, Tibet and Nivkhgu as vassals (with Nivkhgu under a dynastic union); Uluru as a protectorate; Japan (and its protectorate Ququququ), the Shan States, Lan Xang, Vietnam, Siam, Cambodia, Tondo; and lastly, the Papal States, Russia, and Britain as special trading partners. Bengal and Turkey were former tributary states. China historically had extensive relations with the Middle East - specifically with the Abbasid and Rashidun Caliphates - as well as several polities in Europe, such as with Burgundy, France, and Iberia.
Society and culture
The Han Chinese form the overwhelming majority of the population, comprising about 78.5% of the population (exceeding ninety perfect in the provinces of China proper). The next four most-largest ethnicities are the Koreans (10.2%), the Manchus (2.2%), and the Miao (2.2%), and the Hui Chinese (2.0%). Most of the population is concentrated in the northern Yellow River, southern Yangtze River, and the Han River basins (the latter of which in the Korean peninsula, while the first two found in China). About 17.5% of the population is urbanized, but the rate in Korea is double (exceeding a third, at 35%), and even higher still in the Korean peninsula itself at 50%. The largest cities are; Beijing (2,000,000), Shanghai (1,500,000), Hanseong (1,000,000), Guangzhou (800,000), and Mokpo and Incheon (both roughly at 300,000).
About a fourth of the population is literate, with the Hanzi and Hangul scripts being the scripts for Mandarin and Korean respectively, the two designated lingua francas. Most of the literati are the aristocrats and scholar-officials, the majority of whom are literate (even females, who are traditionally exempted from the standard education curriculum). Those residing in urban areas typically are literate as well, including commoners who are barred from tertiary education.
Due to the promotion of basic hygiene, sanitation, and a secure food supply (due to the adoption of New World crops, coupled with the standardization and implementation of modern agricultural techniques), the life expectancy stands at 36.3 years; considerably higher than Prussia (27 years), France (30 years), and Britain (35 years). The infant mortality before age five is 400 deaths per 1,000 births, meaning a 5-year old on-average has a life expectancy of 60.50 years. A 15-year old (the age of maturity) however, could live as long as 67.22 years.
Korea–China is the most complex economy in the world, being the wealthiest and the largest. Korea–China is endowed with natural resources, including; coal in Manchuria, precious metals in Korea, and timbre in Yunnan. It also is home to large basins which are home to major centres of agricultures and in which most of its people inhabit.
The government currently maintains a heavily state-guided, interventionist policy in regards to economics. There is a state monopoly over several key industries including; transport, salt production, and printing. While the industrial sector is not state-owned, it is instead largely controlled by a handful of privatized family-owned conglomerates known as chaebol, many of whom are founded by government workers and thus are influenced by the government in some form or another. While promoting commerce and consumption, the government has promoted most economic development to the maintenance of its military–industrial complex.
The currency is called the won. There are two mediums for exchange; minted coinage (called tael, weighted at 1.33 ounces) or printed banknotes (called mun). The banknotes function as gold certificates and are exchangeable for coinage, of which there are generally four classes, with their value depending on their base metal;
- Pure-gold tael
- worth 80 won ($1,862)
- used for high-value transactions
- Gold alloy tael (96 percent copper; 4 percent gold)
- worth 3 won ($74)
- used for medium-value transactions
- Silver tael
- worth 1 won ($23)
- used for medium-value transactions
- Copper tael
- worth 1/100th won (¢23)
- used for low-value transactions
As a pre-industrial state, agriculture provides a majority of employment, as well as accounting for most of the economy. Rice is cultivated as a staple crop. However, dry areas where wet-paddy cultivation is not feasible is instead used for the cultivation of other grains such as wheat or rye, or legumes such as soy. While New World crops have been introduced earlier, only now have they been mass-cultivated. Main New World crops utilized are sweet potatoes and maize, with chili peppers being cultivated within the Sichuan province and extensively used within local cuisine.
Cash crops also provide additional income for farmers. The main cash crops are cotton (to use for fabrics), and tea. In addition, silk-worms are farmed to produce silk, a lucrative, sought-after fibre used in clothing.
Korea–China is rich in precious metals, specifically; iron ore, zinc, limestone, magnesite, anthracite coal, copper, barite, gold, silver, and nickel.
Korea–China is known to be one of the greatest gold producing countries in the world; even as far back as the ninth century, rumours of its great mineral wealth attracted Arab merchants and their agents. There are also sizeable silver reserves in Korea proper, specifically in the Hamgyeong province, as well as rich extensive copper reserves. These two respective metals form many lower-denomination coinage.
Korea–China currently has restrictions on the outflow of gold and silver, due to its high value. It is also directly-used to pay in high-value transactions. However, Korea–China largely exports copper-based bullion (in large quantities to mitigate for its relative undervalue) to Japan.
Because of its self-sufficiency, Korea–China currently engages in mediocre levels of trade with foreign powers. Main exports are luxury items (such as porcelain and silk), precious metals (including gold and copper), and cash crops. The amount of imports are near zero, creating a favourable trading balance.
Korea–China's most frequent trading partners (listed in order of trading volume) are the Rashidun Caliphate, Japan, Tondo, and Burgundy. It is currently involved in preferential trading deals with Burgundy and England.
Korea–China is the world's foremost military power. The Sino–Korean military is divided into four branches, the Royal Navy, the Royal Army, the Imperial Guard, and the Special Forces (highly-trained troops used to suppress any national insurgencies).
The Royal Navy consists of about 1,400 naval vessels. Naval vessels are usually equipped with artillery (such as Korean cannons and hwacha), and typically have a complement of a hundred sailors. Most of Korea–China's ships are stationed in the ports of Busan, Incheon, Dalian, Qingdao, and Fuzhou, with Korea's largest shipyard being in Ulsan.