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Korea (Principia Moderni IV Map Game)

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Kim dynasty
대한
Dae Han
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Coat of Arms of Joseon Korea.png
Motto: 
대명천지
("Let there be light on the Land and in the Heavens!")
Anthem: 
애국가
("Aegukga")
Korea1605.png
Capital
(and largest city)
Hanseong
Other cities Pyeongyang, Busan, Ulsan, Bukgyeong, Sinsado, Ilbonshi
Official languages Korean
Ethnic groups  Korean, Manchu, Xibe, Hui, Nivh, Ainu
Demonym Korean
Religion Nestorianism Christianity, Catholicism, Confucianism, Mahayana Buddhism, Muism, Taoism
Government Absolute monarchy
 -  Regent Kim Sin-bi
Legislature Imperial court
Establishment
 -  Yi dynasty overthrown 1500 
 -  Coronation of Kim Hwang September 18, 1500 
 -  Normalization of Sino–Korean relations 1535 
 -  Re-acquisition of Manchuria 1562 
Population
 -  1610 estimate approx. 15.37 million 
Currency Korean Mun ()
Time zone KST (UTC+9)
Date formats yyyy(), mm(), dd()
Korea (대한, tr. Dae Han; literally meaning "Great Han") is an absolute monarchy based in the Korean peninsula, expanse of land stretching from the Yalu River to the East Sea. It borders China to the West and Japan to the East, and is home to over fifteen million people.

With the first Korean state being Gojoseon, Korea had not emerged as a single state until the seventh century, after centuries of conflict among the Three Kingdoms of Korea; Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje. Under Unified Silla, Buddhism became cemented into Korean culture. However, a rigid caste system and a period of power-struggles between the aristocracy culminated in its dissolution into three states. In 935, Silla and its successor states were unified again under Goryeo, ending the Later Three Kingdoms period.

Goryeo was a highly cultured state and highly influenced by Buddhism, creating the Jikji document in the 14th century. In the 13th century, however, invasions initiated by the Mongol Empire prompted it to submit as a Mongolian vassal after long tiring campaigns. After the Yuan dynasty had collapsed, severe political strife ensued, resulting in an uprising led by General Yi Seonggyeo, who established the the current Yi dynasty in 1388. During the early 15th century, it experienced a zenith under Yi Do and Yi Hyorin. However, reprisals from China following brutal treatment of Manchus, isolationism, succession issues; which all resulted in general public disapproval, led to its deestablishment in 1500.

Since then, the Kim dynasty consolidated its rule over its territory, overseeing militarization and an economic zenith. Korea enjoys the highest living standards in East Asia and is one of the most technologically sophisticated countries in the world, having an entrenched naval tradition responsible for its naval prowess, having independently discovered gunpowder, first to use meteorology in agriculture, among other scientific advancements.

Etymology

The term Korea is the modern spelling of Corea, it is an exonym derived from Cauli, a transcription of the Chinese 高丽 (Pinyin: Gāolì), which was the Hanja characters for Goryeo.

Koreans refer to Korea as either 조선 (Romanisation: Joseon) whose Hanja characters mean the "Morning Calm", or 대한 (Romanisation: Dae Han). The first term was derived from the earlier term Gojoseon, the oldest known Korean polity. Go– is simply a prefix meaning "ancient" or "old", added so that the two could be distinguished. The latter term is derived from the root words meaning "Great" and "Han" (a term which Koreans refer to themselves).

History

Ascendancy of the House of Kim

Militarization

Normalization of relations with China

Re-acquisition of Manchuria

Arrival of Christianity

First Korea–Japanese War

Reestablishment of tributary status

Discovery of precious metals

Sino–Japanese War

Government and Politics

Korea is an absolute monarchy under the House of Kim, with Kim Hoseok being its current Emperor. However, Kim Sin-bi, the former regnant, is the regent and the de facto monarch. The Korean Imperial Court is its legislative body, however, there is a decree that states all laws passed must receive prior approval from the monarch as well as a majority-vote.

Prominent members of the nobility are required to swear total allegiance to the royal family and the imperial court, and to perform the humiliating ritual of godu monthly. The act consists of three kneelings, with each involving three prostrations before the monarch.

Administrative divisions

Korea is divided into eleven provinces (, translit. do), and two specially-governed regions known as dominions (왕국, translit. wangguk).

Monarchs

Foreign relations

Favourable
  • Tondo
    • Ma-i
    • Pangasinan
  • Sakha
  • China
Neutral
  • Mongolia
  • Dai Viet
  • Champa
  • Khmer Empire
  • Thailand
  • Malaya
  • Majapahit
  • Delhi Raj
    • Pegu
  • Bahmanids
  • Iranian Sultanate
  • Rashidun Caliphate
  • Burgundy
  • Bulgaria
  • Papal States
Strained
  • Japan

Society

Caste-system

Religion

Economy

Korea is one of the most highly developed economies in the region, second only to China. Korea (especially the northern regions) is highly abundant in precious metals, principally gold and copper, which it uses to back up its paper currency (the mun). Apart from using bullion to legitimize its banknotes (and therefore provide a stable medium of exchange), Korea also exports bullion (mostly copper-based) overseas in exchange for rice and advanced weaponries.

Mining

Korea is rich in precious metals, specifically; iron ore, zinc, limestone, magnesite, anthracite coal, copper, barite, gold, silver, and nickel.

Korea is known to be one of the greatest gold producing countries in the world; even as far back as the ninth century, rumours of its great mineral wealth attracted Arab merchants and their agents. Korea is also rich in silver, which plays an important role in Sino-Korean relations as it forms the currency of China. There are sixty-eight silver mines across Korea, most in the Hamgyeong province. Alongside the two precious metals, Korea is highly rich in copper reserves, which it uses to make lower-value and low-denomination coinage.

Korea currently has restrictions on the outflow of gold and silver, due to its high value. These two mainly back up the Korean legal tender, the mun. It is also used to pay in high-value transactions. However, Korea largely exports copper-based bullion (in large quantities to mitigate for its relative undervalue) to both Japan and China.

Military

Korea is one of largest military powers within Asia, second only to the Ming. The Korean military is divided into four branches, the Korean Royal Navy, the Korean Royal Army, the Imperial Guard, and the Special Forces (used in the northern dominions).

Weapons

Navy

Korea has one of the best navies within Asia. Korea can attribute its naval prowess to Goryeo, who developed a strong navy in response to Japanese piracy. While it had temporarily declined under the Korea and early Kim periods, Japanese aggression and piracy has prompted Empress Kim Sin-bi to initiate a naval build-up and the consolidation of maritime borders in the early 1600s.

The Korea royal navy consists of about 1,400 naval vessels. Korean naval vessels are usually equipped with artillery (such as Korean cannons and hwacha), and typically have a complement of a hundred sailors. Most of Korea's ships are stationed in the ports of Busan, Ulsan, and Incheon, with Korea's largest shipyard being in Ulsan.

See also

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