The Komi Republic is a nation in Europe. The thick conifer forests are steadily being felled for wood and the local beavers are culled for furs. The local phosphate rock, peat, limestone, marl, ball clay, sand and gravel have been exploited for the last 60 years. The extremely rare mineral volkonskoite, In recent decades minor recoverable oil reserves and deposits of bentonite clays have been discovered. Logging, quarrying, metallurgy and mining are the economize mainstays.