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Gothenland CoA (The Kalmar Union)

Coat of Arms of Gothenland

The Kings of Gothenland are usually dated from the rule of Stenkil who was the first historically reliable king of a separate Gothenland. Previously it drifted between periods of Danish, Vikene and Svealandic rule with local strongmen, styling themselves 'king' but rarely exercising full power and only amassing power by playing various sides off against each other. Stenkil himself only succeeding in obtaining a semblance of legitimacy thanks to his marriage to Anund Kolbranna of Svealand's niece, and in this respect many saw it as a simple division of the Swedish kingdoms. However, his rule solidified the 'separateness' of Gothenland and after his death its crown was kept distinct by its rulers from their other titles.

House of Stenkil
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Stenkil (1047 - 1066)
Eric I Stenkilsson (1066)
House of Estridsson
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Sweyn I Sweyn II Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1066 - 1074)
Olaf I Hunger Olaf I Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1074 - 1095)

After Olaf I's death a period of instability reigned. Hakan Rode married Olaf's daughter and was accepted by many nobles as the rightful successor. However, his rule is almost totally devoid of sources. His probable son, Halsten, has even less evidence for his own short rule. He was either deposed or murdered leading to an extended power struggle which would result in the coronation of Sverker I in 1128.

House of Rode?
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Hakan (1099 - 1115?)
Halsten (1115 - 1117)
House of Sverker
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Sverker I Sverker I Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1128 - 1156)
Karl I Carl I of Sweden seal c 1165 detail (1156 - 1178)
Sverker II (1178 - 1210)
Karl II (1210 - 1244)
Karl III Holmger Knutsson (1244 - 1275)
John I (1275 - 1282)
John II (1282 - 1304)
Karl IV (1304 - 1315)
Eric II (1315 - 1318)
Sofia Sofia Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1318 - 1329)
House of Piast
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
John III John III Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1318 - 1331)
Karl V (1331 - 1339)
Premyslas Kiejstut seal 1379 (1339 - 1353)
Eric III Jan z Montfortu (1353 - 1366)
John IV Edmond Beaufort et envoyés de Rouen (1366 - 1403)
Eric IV 75px (1403 - 1408)
Benedict 75px (1408 - 1413)
Catherine Lwówek Śląski Nagrobek Henryka I Jaworskiego i Agnieszki Czeskiej (1413 - 1416)
House of Lejonbalk
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Eric V Lwówek Śląski Nagrobek Henryka I Jaworskiego i Agnieszki Czeskiej (1416 - 1420)
Christopher (1420 - 1423)
House of Piast
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Magdalena Magdalena Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1423 - 1427)
House of Tott
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Nils (1424 - 1437)
Karl VI (1437 - 1468)
Karl VII (1468 - 1494)
Svante I (1494 - 1531)
Märta

(Disputed)

Märta Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1531)
Karl VIII (1531 - 1538)
Svante II (1538 - 1563)
John V John V Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1563 - 1587)
Karl IX (1587 - 1602)
House of Hesse-Marberg
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Eric VI Eric V Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1602 - 1631)
John VI John VI Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1631 - 1650)
Karl X 75px (1650 - 1679)
Karl XI (1679 - 1685)
Christian I Christian I Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1685 - 1714)
Karl XII Karl X Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1714 - 1736)
Christian II Bd36b010edaa21c4abc9579a109de67b (1736 - 1800)
Christian III Christian III Goth (The Kalmar Union) (1800 - 1827)
Karl XIII (1827 - 1836)
Alexander I (1836 - 1870)
Karl XIV (1870 - 1902)
Alexander II (1902 - 1954)
Alexander III (1954 - 1989)
John VII (1989 -)