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Kings of Denmark (The Kalmar Union)

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Denmark CoA (The Kalmar Union)

Coat of Arms of Denmark

Until the Treaty of Rae and the New Act of Union (both 1846) the various crowns of Denmark, Viken, Estonia, Pomerania, Lower Saxony and Rugia were all possessions of the Estridsson family though kept separate. After this date all territory was solely tied to the Crown of Denmark.

Denmark

Danish kings are normally dated from Cnut I, those preceding are regarded as unhistorical or local kings at best.

House of Denmark
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Harthacnut (Cnut I) Cnut I Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (916-935)
Gorm Gorm Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (935-957)
Harald I Bluetooth

(Harald III in Viken)

Harold I Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (957-985)
Sweyn I Forkbeard Sweyn Forkbeard (The Kalmar Union) (985-1014)
Harald II

(Harald IV in Viken)

Harald II Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1014-1018)
Cnut II

(Cnut I in Anglia & Viken)

Knut der Große cropped (1018-1032)
Harthacnut (Cnut III) Harthacnut (The Kalmar Union) (1032-1042)
House of Fairhair
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Magnus I Magnus I Horda (The Kalmar Union) (1042-1047)

Magnus I died in Autumn 1047 planning an invasion of Anglia. Cnut II's sister Estrid skillfully seized the treasury in Odense and pushed for her son Sweyn to be crowned quickly. The haste was seen as indecent by many contemporaries but it lasted. And so began the longest surviving ruling dynasty in the world.

House of Estridsson
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Sweyn II Estridsson Sweyn II Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1047-1074)
Harald III Hen Harald III Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1074-1080)
Cnut IV

(Cnut II in Viken & Anglia)

Cnut IV Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1080-1099)
Eric I Eric I Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1099-1103)
Harald IV Kesja Harald IV Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1103-1135)
Bjorn I Ironside Bjorn I Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1135-1146)
Cnut V Lavard Canute V Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1146-1157)
Valdemar I Valdemar I Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1157-1182)
Cnut VI Cnut VI Den (The Kalmar Union) (1182-1202)
Magnus II Magnus II Den (The Kalmar Union) (1202-1233)
Eric II Eric II Den (The Kalmar Union) (1233-1252)
Eric III Eric III Den (The Kalmar Union) (1252-1291)
Eric IV Eric IV Den (The Kalmar Union) (1291-1323)
Cnut VII Cnut VII Den (The Kalmar Union) (1323-1333)
Eric V Eric V Den (The Kalmar Union) (1333-1372)
Valdemar II Valdemar II Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1372-1407)
Eric VI Eric VI Den (The Kalmar Union) (1407-1426)
Eric VII Eric VII Den (The Kalmar Union) (1426)
Eric VIII

(Elizabeth of Viken regent until 1431)

Eric VIII Den (The Kalmar Union) (1426-1478)
Christopher I Christopher I Den (The Kalmar Union) (1478-1485)
Eric IX

(Eric in Anglia 1486-1509)

Magnus Cropped (1485-1509)
Christopher II

(Christopher I in Anglia 1509-1517)

Christopher II Den (1509-1535)
Eric X Eric X Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1535-1551)
Cnut VIII

(Schmalkaldic Emperor Cnut from 1558)

Cnut VIII Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1551-1570)
Eric XI

(Schmalkaldic Emperor Eric I)

Eric XI Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1570-1605)
Eric XII

(Schmalkaldic Emperor Eric II)

Eric XII Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1605-1629)
Christopher III

(Schmalkaldic Emperor Christopher until 1639)

Christopher III Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1629-1659)
Christopher IV Christopher IV Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1659-1680)
Harald V (1680-1724)
Christopher V (1724-1730)
Eric XIII (1730-1732)
Christopher VI Christopher VI Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1732-1759)
Christopher VII Christopher VII Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1759-1798)
Christian I Christian I Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1798-1817)
Christian II Christian II Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1817-1850)
Christopher VIII Christopher VIII Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1850-1869)
Eric XIV Eric XIV Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1869-1902)
Harald VI (1902-1938)
Christopher IX (1938-1971)
Christian III (1971-2003)
Christopher X (2003-)

Viken

Viken's kings and queens are normally dated from the break up of Harald Fairhair's Norwegian union.

House of Fairhair
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Harald Fairhair Harald Fairhair (The Kalmar Union) (872-930)
Eirik Bloodaxe Eirik Bloodaxe (The Kalmar Union) (930-934)
Olaf I Geirstadalf Olaf I Viken (The Kalmar Union) (930-946)
Tryggve Olafsson Tryggve Viken (The Kalmar Union) (946-963)
Harald II Greycloak Harald II Horda (The Kalmar Union) (963-970)
House of Denmark
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Harald III Bluetooth

(Harald I in Denmark)

Harold I Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (970-985)
Sweyn I Forkbeard Sweyn Forkbeard (The Kalmar Union) (985-995)
House of Fairhair
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Olaf II Olaf II Viken (The Kalmar Union) (995-1000)
House of Denmark
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Sweyn I Forkbeard

(Restoration)

Sweyn Forkbeard (The Kalmar Union) (1000-1014)
Harald IV

(Harald II in Denmark)

Harald II Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1014-1018)
Cnut I

(Cnut II in Denmark)

Knut der Große cropped (1018-1032)
Sveinn I Knutsson Sveinn I Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1032-1035)
House of Fairhair
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Magnus I Magnus I Horda (The Kalmar Union) (1035-1047)
House of Estridsson
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Sweyn II Estridsson Sweyn II Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1047-1074)
Cnut II

(Cnut IV in Denmark)

Cnut IV Denmark (The Kalmar Union) (1074-1099)
Niels I Niels I Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1099-1137)
Magnus I Nielsson Magnus I Svea (The Kalmar Union) (1137-1140)
Cnut III Cnut III Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1140-1174)
Niels II Niels II Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1174-1185)
Hildegard of Rugia Hildegard Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1185-1188)
House of Rugia
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Wizlaw I Wizlaw I Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1188-1249)
Jaromar Jaromar Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1249-1260)
Wizlaw II Wizlaw II Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1260-1302)

Interegnum (1302-1304). The Principality of Rugia is inherited by Wizlaw II's eldest son Sambor but disagreements with the Bishop of Oslo prevent his coronation in Viken. After his short life his brother Wizlaw succeeds and is recognised by the Viken nobles.

House of Rugia
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Wizlaw III Wizlaw III Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1304-1325)
Olaf III the Great

(Holy Roman Emperor Olaf,
Olaf II in Svealand)

Olaf the Great (1325-1383)
Wizlaw IV Wizlaw IV Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1383-1424)
Elizabeth of Viken

(Regent of Denmark 1426-1431)

Elizabeth Viken (The Kalmar Union) (1424-1443)

Viken's territory (Viken, Svealand, Finland and Rugia) is inherited by her son, Eric VIII of Denmark, on Elizabeth's death. Thereafter they are held in personal union with the Danish crown. The Treaty of Rae (1848) abolishes it as separate title.


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