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The Kingdom also currently controls several colonies including Create in the Mediterranean Sea; Dutch South America (Suriname and (former French) Guiana) in South America; the islands of St. Helena, Ascension, Sao Paulo, as well as the Tristan Da Cunha islands in the Atlantic Ocean (these serve as a naval bases for cross Atlantic journeys); Cocos Islands and Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean (to serve as naval bases for cross Indian ocean journeys); the Dutch East Indies (the islands of Borneo, Sumatra, Sulawesi, the Moluccas Islands, and a few other smaller islands in the East Indies archipelago), Dutch North West Afrika, Dutch Equatorial Guinea, Dutch South West Afrika, the Comoros Islands; and Dutch Polynesia in the South Pacific. The Kingdom of the Netherlands also has the Sultanate of Oman as protectorates of the kingdom under Dutch protection.
The Kingdom is a hierarchical, constitutional monarchy system spread across 11 countries on three continents. Each country has two chambers of parliament: a House of Representatives and a Senate. Below is the provincial councils for each of the provinces which make up the nation (these councils discuss matters of local and regional-provincial importance). The people vote for the representatives for each of the constituencies in that country and the leaders of provincial councils; whereas the Senate members are chosen by the provincial councils of that nation. The majority party in the House of Representatives chooses a leader to become prime minister of that country (usually the party leader, but it isn't always the case). The prime minister then chooses ministers from the House of Representatives to form a cabinet (the prime minister can choose whoever they want to be in their cabinet regardless of party affiliation, but usually the cabinet is made up of people from the same party of the prime minister. Furthermore, the prime minister/leader candidates in a party usually will have to show their party a list of the ministers who will form their future cabinet and this is the main say in who party members vote for in leader/prime minister elections, and is also used by the political parties in order to get votes from the people for representatives.
No one can sit in more than one chamber with the exception of the prime minister. Nobility can sit in any chamber too and are treated as just normal people by the political system, with the exception of the monarch. Direct family of the monarch cannot sit in a ministerial position par provincial council membership of where that member of the royal family usually lives. Legislation is formed in the House of Representatives when it is then sent up to the Senate to be approved to be implemented in that country; the legislation can then be chosen to be sent up to the Royal Council which then if it approves of, can force the implementation of the legislation in all member nations of the Kingdom. The Royal council, though, is usually dealing with big issues like diplomatic issues, national-multinational issues (issues which affect one or more of the nations in the Kingdom greatly), war, taxes, important legal issues etc.
The Kingdom of the Netherlands' combined army of all of the member nations currently stands at an army of 400,000 regulars, 10,000 elite forces, and 650,000 reserve troops. The army stems from all parts of the Netherlands' global kingdom. The Dutch navy is also very powerful and has 2,519 iron clad ships, and loads of older galleons, sloops and around 255 new cruiser ships.
Major Dutch industries include Gold and Diamond mining in the Boer states; rubber, coffee, and cocoa plantations in Dutch Congo and Dutch South America respectively; sand extraction in Dutch North West Afrika and Oman; manufacturing plants in Belgium, Netherlands proper, and Ethiopia; ship building in Netherlands proper; as well as agriculture, fishing, farming, logging, and banking.
- 1865: The Netherlands is reformed after the Boer states in South Africa are allowed to enter the Kingdom of the Netherlands as equal states in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Kingdom of the Netherlands is reformed and the countries of the Netherlands (Europe), the South Antilles of the Netherlands (Aruba, Bonaire and Curaçao), the North Antilles of the Netherlands (Saba and Sint Eustatius), Sint Maarten, Transvaal, Orange Free State, and Natalia. The Dutch East Indies and Suriname, however, remain colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and the colonization of Sumatra continues, too.
- 1866: The Netherlands continues her expansion in Sumatra and Borneo in the Dutch East Indies; the expansion of Dutch colonies in OTL Mauritania and Senegal also happens. The island of St. Helena is also discovered by the Dutch and it too is colonized, and a naval base is set up on the island. Dutch diplomats were sent to Britain and the Iberian Empire in order to work out how to divide South eastern Africa up fairly between themselves. These discussions lead to the Iberian Empire giving the Netherlands their colony in Mozambique and sent 50,000 troops to Netherlands to help colonize the eastern Africa; this was in return for the Netherlands sending 50,000 troops of theirs when Iberian Empire expands in western Africa and South America. The Dutch then gave their colony in OTL Mauritania to Spain in thanks for Mozambique. Iberians also sent a gift of 10,000 kg of Spanish Wine to Netherlands. This paved the way for the creation of a formal alliance between the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and Spain. As well as the dealings with the Spanish, the Dutch also agree to become allies with Ethiopia and send over Dutch industrialists to help create factories. Many Dutch industrialists also set up factories in Ethiopia to make use of the cheap Ethiopian labour. Dutch gross national profit increases as a result of these measures. The Dutch expand their colonies in Africa, and the colony of Mozambique is expanded significantly with the help of experienced Boer explorers. This includes Boers being sent from Transvaal to the Mozambique colony, which effectively makes the British colony around OTL Swaziland and South Mozambique an enclave surrounded by the Dutch on all sides. The Dutch offer to buy this colony from the British for £50,000, and this offer is subsequently accepted by the British. Zululand is also made a protectorate of the Netherlands. The Dutch colonization of Sumatra and Borneo also finishes. With this, the colonizers are sent to the Moluccas islands.
- 1867: Dutch colonists discover Lake Milalwi as the Dutch South East Afrika Colonies continue to expand. Colonization in the Moluccas islands speeds up with the islands designated to be under complete Dutch control by the end of the year. The Dutch also establish a protectorate over Oman. The Dutch also form formal alliances with their Neighbours the German Confederation and the Ethiopian Empire. Also the Dutch King and the Belgium Queen are married and an act of Union takes place between the Netherlands and Belgium. With this union, Belgium becomes one of the countries encompassing the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Luxembourg is also given nation-status. Colonization continues in Africa this year too.
- 1868: Dutch colonization continues in Africa, and the former British colony bought by the Dutch is formed into a republic member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands known as the Arabische gom Bay Republiek or Arabische for short. Arabische is admitted into the kingdom as a republic with its capital at Maputo.
- 1869: The Kingdom of the Netherlands expands her colonies and also carves out a new Boer republic from the Dutch colony of Mozambique. This is named the Republic of Mozambique. The remaining Dutch colonies in OTL Mozambique are renamed Dutch South East Afrika. The Dutch also seize control of the Comoros islands around Madagascar. The Dutch also are gifted the Iberian colony in between the two Dutch colonies in North West Africa after the Dutch make a request to buy the colony. With this colony purchase, the Dutch joins up her three colonies in north west Africa into the colony of Dutch North West Afrika. Also Zululand is annexed by the Kingdom and given nation status in the Kingdom. The Dutch also support the African Colonization Conference and ask it be held in Berlin, Germany; as Germany is to be the non-partial mediator in this Conference. Dutch Diplomats begin drawing up maps which could be used as guidelines on how to split up Africa.
- 1870: Expansion in Dutch Equatorial Guinea into the rain forests of Africa continues. Gold is discovered in Transvaal and causes colonial expansion north west of Transvaal to start in order to find more gold deposits. Colonial expansion in Dutch North West Afrika also hastens in order to get more desert land necessary to extract sand and create sand bags on a huge scale to build a series of forts in the Boer states. The Dutch economy expands rapidly with the expansion of these two new Dutch industries.
- 1871: The Dutch African colonies expand a lot more thanks to the expanding Dutch economy. This leads to the Dutch colonizing the South Atlantic islands of Ascension, Sao Paulo and the Tristan Da Cunha islands. The Cocos islands and Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean are also taken over by the Dutch. These small islands dotted about the Oceans are to serve as stopping points for the Dutch Naval trade from Europe to the East Indies, Africa and the Americas. Small port towns built on each of these islands, to be used as coaling stops. This action not only improves the Dutch's naval power but it also improves the trade routes which boost the economy.
- 1872: All of the Dutch colonies expand a bit, but the Dutch Equatorial Guinea expands a lot inland as the Dutch begin to set up large sized rubber plantations in the colony. Dutch South East Afrika also expands in order to find more gold deposits, but miners instead discover diamond deposits and the share prices of Boer mining companies sky rockets. With all these growing Dutch industries, many factories are built in Holland and Belgium in order to process and manufacture goods from the resources harvested from the Dutch colonies.
- 1873: The Dutch colonies expand some more, but they tell Germany after her reported interest in Dutch South East Afrika, that the Dutch South East Afrika colony is not for sale, and the Boer republics would never join Germany and lose their independence. However the Dutch are planning something which the Germans may find very interesting. Furthermore the Dutch introduce National service in the armed forces from the ages of 21-24. The Dutch school system is also changed so children in the Kingdom are in school ages 6-16. Children must either attend a school or be home schooled; but school isn't completely compulsory, as long as a child does the end of year exam at the end of each school year a lot of the school is poorer areas wouldn't bother chasing after students to find out why they aren't attending. Children can fail school and be held back a grade, but once they reach the age of 16 and a child hasn't finished their school education, they don't have to attend school to finish if they don't want to. Child labour laws are also brought so Children under 16 can only work a maximum of 20 hours per week, with an hour break every day.
- 1874: Our OTL French Polynesia is colonized as Dutch Polynesia. The Dutch also condone France for attacking peaceful German protesters and sends Germany military aid. This angers the French however and the French bombard a small Belgium border village. The Dutch are outraged, and declare war on France as well and Dutch forces pour over the border to invade France and Lille is put under siege. As well as in France proper, the Dutch also attack French Guiana from Dutch Suriname; French Saint Marten is attacked from Dutch Sint Maarten; the Dutch navy also blockade and bombard Saint-Barthelemy, and the French Congo is also attacked.
- 1875: French Saint Marten falls to the larger Dutch forces, as does French Saint-Barthelemy. French Guiana is practically conquered, minus the colony's capital of Cayenne, and some of the east of the colony. Things in French Congo don't go as well as planned, but the Dutch still have the upper hand, if only a marginal advantage. More troops are sent to boost the attack on the French Congo. Whereas in France proper, the Dutch continue to slowly advance; Lille is taken but there is still tough French resistance. Eventually though, the Dutch-German alliance defeats the French. The Dutch gain Saint Marten, Saint-Barthelemy, French Guiana, French Congo, and part of Northern France, which are ceded to the Netherlands by France. The French also pay a small amount of war reparations to the Netherlands. These newly conquered French lands become colonies of the Netherlands, but some of these territories are due to be quickly added into the Netherlands properly as nations of the Kingdom or being annexed by nations in the Kingdom.
- 1876: The Dutch decide to scrap the war reparations demanded from France. Otherwise the Dutch continue to recover after the war, this is aided by a trade deal being formed between Quebec and the Dutch. Other efforts to help the Netherlands recover from the war include the Dutch industries expanding into the recently gained former French territories. Factories are built around Lille; rubber, coffee, and cocoa plantations are started in the Congo and Guiana. Also the colony of Dutch South America is declared after the colonies of Suriname and Guiana are joined together as the two provinces of the Dutch South America colony.
- 1877: The Dutch keen to have a stopping point in the Mediterranean while ships sail to the Suez canal, join in with the Russian war against the Ottoman Empire. Dutch ships start a blockade of the Ottoman Empire in the east Mediterranean sea. The Dutch land on Create and begin a campaign to take over Create and make the island a Dutch Colony.
- 1878: The Dutch have finally recovered from the Dutch-French war. The Dutch North Antilles is expanded by adding removing Sint Maarten's nation status and adding it to the Dutch North Antilles. The conquered French colonies of Saint Marten and Saint-Barthelemy are added to the Dutch North Antilles too. The nation of Flanders is formed by combining part of Belgium and Dutch France together. Also Dutch Equatorial Guinea and the former French Congo are combined into the colony of Dutch Congo. The Create campaign finishes towards the end of this year, and Create becomes a Dutch colony. With the two major wars (the Russian-Ottoman War and USA-China war) over the Dutch rejoice that peace has returned. The Dutch go back to expanding their colonies, especially their Dutch Congo colony.
- 1879: Dutch Congo and Dutch South East Afrika expand as more colonists join these colonies, and as a baby boom occurs in the Netherlands. Oman also expands with Dutch help, closer integration between Oman and the Netherlands is promised by the Sultan.
- 1880: The Boer republics jointly begin the construction of the Trans-Boer Railway to join up all of the Boer Republics (and Zululand too) in Dutch controlled Southern Africa. A major Dutch Colonist by the name of Max De Snaijer sees this railroad being created and sets about created a Dutch Cross-African Railroad from Dutch South East Afrika to Dutch Congo. This causes the expansion of the Dutch Congo and Dutch South East Afrika colonies towards each other. The Dutch continue to expand the Dutch Congo, Dutch South East Afrika, and Oman. The South Sandwich Islands are also colonized by the Dutch. The Dutch navy also commission around 100 extra battle cruiser ships, making the Dutch Navy the world's second strongest after the British, but the Dutch navy isn't far off the British, and the Dutch King himself orders the expansion of the navy until it is the greatest in the world. This is partially due to the large Dutch empire stretching the globe and its dependence on trade.
- 1881: As Dutch South East Afrika expands, Dutch explorers discover Lake Tanganyika, and set up a small port on the lake's southern shores. Dutch Congo also expands thanks to small PT boats being sent down the various rivers of the Congo Basin. The Crozet Islands and Kerguelen island are discovered in the Southern Ocean and they are colonized as the Dutch Southern Ocean territories. A Dutch fort is founded by the Boyoma Falls, from where Dutch PT boats are sent down the Lualaba River, and from there they go onto the Lukuga river, from where they reach Lake Tanganyika. The area a mile out from the rivers are put under Dutch administration (like the Gambia which is based around the river) and connects the Dutch Congo and Dutch South East Afrika colonies. The Dutch set about making the whole river route from the Congo river to Lake Tanganyika (via the Lualaba and Lukuga rivers) accessible to boats and it is turned into sort of like a canal as the side of the river. This causes the Dutch Congo colony to expand a lot.
- 1882: Following the success of the Congo river system exploration, the Dutch send more PT boats down several of the Congo's tributaries and the Dutch Congo colony continues to expand, as more of the rivers of the Congo river system are explored. A trade deal with Japan also formed.
- 1883: The Dutch navy surpasses Britain's after more battle cruisers are built, including a new Dutch Destroyer Class ship which has the biggest guns on a ship in the world. Five of these new Destroyer Class ships are built, and they are used to go and colonize the island of Socotra. Also the Dutch agree to support the USA in their invasion of Ecuador. The Dutch send one of their new Destroyer ships and a few cruisers to help in the blockade of Ecuador. A unit of Dutch troops are also sent to help in the invasion of Ecuador by the USA. The Dutch also send another Destroyer and several cruisers to go and seize the Galapagos islands. After the Galapagos islands are secure, half of this force will be sent to go support the American invasion. A new set of rights is passed by the Royal Council; this ensures freedom of speech, religion, to protest, etc. This helps cement the Dutch government's great relations with the Dutch populace, and opinion polls show that the government is loved by the vast majority. Colonization continues as well in Dutch Congo.
- 1884: The Dutch forces seize the Galapagos Islands and half of that force is sent to the Dutch units supporting the American main army. The Galapagos becomes a colony of the Kingdom, and a small port is built on the islands to be used as a stopping point for Dutch traders. The Dutch Congo expands too. The Dutch Congo and Dutch South East Afrika colonies expand some more. The military is also amped up.
- 1885: Dutch Congo and Dutch South East Afrika are expanded more. The Dutch navy increases its number of destroyers from five to 15. A new steel battleship is also commissioned. The Boer republic of "Comoros-der-Malawi" is also founded after the Northern section of Dutch South East Afrika and the Comoros islands are deemed to be amply civilized; the two colonies are joined, and "Comoros-der-Malawi" becomes the latest nation to join the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The remaining Dutch South East Afrika colony is renamed Dutch Central South Afrika. Dutch Congo expands and the military is amped up to deal with the tribal resistance to Dutch rule.
- 1886: The Dutch Congo expands southwards, as well as the Dutch Congo and Dutch Central South Afrika colonies are expanded.
- 1887: The Dutch military is amped up. Dutch colonies in Africa are expanded and the military is further amped up.
- 1888: The Dutch African colonies continue to be expanded, and the Dutch African colonies continue to expand, but at an even greater pace after the Dutch Afrika Railway Company is set up, and a pan-African railway through Dutch territory begins to be made.
- 1889: Joins the UK.
- King William I: 1815–1840
- King William II: 1840 - 1849
- King William III: 1849–?
- The Iberian Empire (Formal Alliance)
- The German Federation (Formal Alliance)
- The Ethiopian Empire (Formal Alliance)
- Quebec (Trade deal)
- The Sultanate of Oman