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The Kingdom of Puerto Rico covers the island of the same name, the isles of Vieques, Culebra and nowadays, the US Virgin Islands (Islas Vírgenes). Information as 2020 Kingdom's officials.
Cities and Geography
The Kingdom is divided in eight Provinces, with a major city being its capital. Each province has a governor and a legislature.
San Juan Bautista Province
San Juan Bautista, the capital of the Province and of the Kingdom is also the most populated sector, with 2,790,000 people in it. It has one of the busiest harbours of the world, exuberant plazas, architectural places and cultural centres. The city is in the center of the province. The province also boasts high-rises of condominiums and banks.
The Palace of Santa Catalina or La Fortaleza is the home of the Kings, and the Castillo de Ponce de León is the home of the Prime Minister.
The Capitolio is the home of the Parliaments' House of Lords and House of Delegates.
It's the only Province that doesn't haves a governor, but a Minister of the Cabinet appointed to its care, and the Parliament also administers the city.
In the county of Isla Verde the Reina Sofía International Airport is based. The metro system functions with nine lines that interconnect in the province, and a line that stretches to the southern province of Caguas.
The province is divided in eight Prefectures: San Juan Antiguo, Condado-Miramar-Shangái, Hato Rey, Ciudad Universitaria-Río Piedras, Ciudad Obrera (antiguo Barrio Obrero), Carolina (absorbed Trujillo Alto), Guaynabo-Cataño and finally Bayamón.
San Juan is preparing to host the 2016 Olympic Games.
One of the largest but the second less populated province, with 890,000 people in it. It has wonderful beaches and a boasting turism industry. Its capital town is Arecibo. A new metro line is being built to this area.
Arecibo is divided in three districts: Villa de Arecibo, Villa de Aguadilla and Las Vegas-Dorado.
The fourth largest province, and the third most prosperous, Mayagüez has nearly 1,104,000 people and it's the host of this year Panamerican Games. With a great harbour, the province has a healthy agricultural industry, growing 75% of the island's coffee.
Mayagüez has five prefectures: Harbour area-Mayagüez city, Rincón, Lares, Cabo Rojo, and Maricao-Interior.
The southern city is the province where the Heir to the throne lives. With 1,508,000 people and 5.5% unemployment is the less advanced region, however. A new international airport is to be inaugurated, also a Megaport will be completed next year. The province is autonomous by virtue of the 1999 laws. From 1984 to 1999 it was terrorised by terrorist attacks demanding its independence, but they finally withdrew with the new laws. Capital: Ponce.
Ponce province has three prefectures: Ciudad de Ponce, Guayanilla-Peñuelas, and Santa Isabel-Juana Díaz.
A province with high touristic activities, the Central Command of the Army and Navy of the Kingdom and house of the Rain Forest El Yunque. Its cities have improved significantly since the tunnels connecting them to the rest of the country were finished in 2006. It has the ferries that communicate mostly the main island with the other island-provinces. Population: 1.1 million. Capital: Fajardo
It has four districts: Fajardo City, Humacao City, Ceiba, and Luquillo-Canóvanas-Loíza.
Vieques and Culebra Province
With 979,000 people, the Province is the most densely populated one with 5,748 by sq km. Comprised of two "major" isles and their archipelago, the most interesting sight is their white sand beaches and the thousands of high-rising condos and hotels. It's the second richest province with a GNP per capita of 29,156 Euro. Its money is derived of fishing, tourism and its gigantic ports on the south of Vieques. Its capital is Isabel II.
Each island governs itself with a governor, which choose a High Governor for administration of both archipelagos. Each island has two districts, Vieques: Isabel II (head of government), Esperanza (touristical); Culebra: Degüey (head of government), and Flamenco (touristical).
With 1,305,000 people, Caguas province boasts wonderful sites for ecotourism, as tropical rain forests and rivers. The Carraízo reservoir covers water needs of the provinces of San Juan, Caguas and Humacao. The capital is Caguas, where the majority of the population resides (1,024,000) in a clean city with tall high-rises. The other four districts of the province are mostly forestal and used to farming and cattle herding (as Gurabo-Juncos and Cayey-Alto Guayama), and the other two districts (Baja Guayama-Patillas and Salinas) are used for salt recollection and for ports.
Virgin Islands Province
With 179,000, the Islas Vírgenes is the smallest province of the Kingdom, and also the less populated one, with two significant villages, Baláreh (in what today is Charlotte Amalie) and San Martýn (San Martín, on what today is Saint Croix). As you may have seen, they speak Spanish, but with some variations, as /y/ and /ý/ instead of /i/ and /í/.
The isles have one district, the capital of San Martýn. They have autonomy since the 1999 Autonomic Laws and control immigration on their isles.
Puerto Rico was discovered by Columbus 1493 and its settlement began began by 1508. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the island was attacked by French, English and Dutch captains, the English just conquering for a month after having to flee after a dysentery disease.
The isle, deemed "Key of the New World" by the Spanish kings became a province of Spain three times during the 19th century and was downgraded again to territory thrice. The military governors appointed became widely unpopular, mistreating the jíbaro, the farmers of the island, and thinking of only giving "Baile, Botella y Baraja" (dancing, alcohol and games, as a Puerto Rican version of Latin Pan e Circo), but denying political liberties.
In 1868 a failed insurrection took place, but it sent a message to the King in Spain. In 1897 the islands of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (now united as Puerto Rico) became a Province of Spain with large autonomy. A Parliament of two houses were formed, the Senate with 15 persons, eight of them chosen by the King or Queen, and the House of Delegates with 35 persons, all elected. Meanwhile, Spain made an Associated Republic treaty with Cuba.
Province of the Kingdom of Spain
The province became Spain's most industrialised by its position in the Atlantic, being very useful boosting Spain's economy. The province also became the province of the Heir of the Crown, replacing Asturias. In 1934 the Spanish Republic began, and the elections led to a socialist government to office. This led to General Francisco Franco rise up and Civil War began in continental Spain, while the provinces of Puerto Rico, Marruecos (Morocco) and Guinea Equatorial were left without violence.
In 1938, the King of Spain fled with all his family and many members of the court to the Province of Puerto Rico. The Royal Castle became the Palace of Santa Catalina in Old San Juan. Puerto Rico seceded of Spain immediately and took the name of Kingdom of Puerto Rico, Morocco and Guinea.
The Kingdom of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico became a Monarchy and an independent country officially on July 24th, 1938. Francisco Franco in Spain won the Civil War and claimed that the lands of the Kingdom were rightfully of Spain and waged war with the new Kingdom in December 1939, seizing Morocco.
Puerto Rico signed alliance treaties with France, the United Kingdom, United States, while making strong bonds with Latin America. The King organised a new army, appointing some of the generals that fled Spain during the Civil War. The Puerto Rican army was ready when it joined allied forces in World War II.
World War II
The Kingdom entered war when an Axis-allied Spain under Franco declared war on December 29th, 1940 seeking to finally annex the isles of Puerto Rico and Equatorial Guinea. Immediately the King and the Prime Minister reorganise the economy and production towards armament, and the Universities became focused on research of new weapons as in ships and aviation.
On February 7th Spain took power of the Equatorial Guinea.
By April 9th, 1940 Puerto Rico invaded the Canary Islands and makes it its base for a future invasion of Morocco and Equatorial Guinea. A new airstrip opens and bombers fill the bases.
On June 10th, the Puerto Rican bombers attacked and destroyed Franco's base is Tángers, Morocco and two days later Puerto Rico deploys 94,000 soldiers in U-boats in Tángers area, in Morocco, reconquering the territory. Celebrations take place in Tángers, Ceuta and Melilla.
By September 14th, both Moroccos (Franco's and Vichy France) were completely captured by Puerto Rico. With that, Puerto Rico recluted more persons to free France. In September 17th, Equatorial Guinea declares independence of Spain and Puerto Rico recognises it.
In December 1941, after a year without much activity, Puerto Rico, with the help of general Charles de Gaulle deploys troops at Marseille and Nize, while also invading Barcelona, Alicante, Sevilla and Málaga. Civil War erupts in Spain.
In 1942, Charles de Gaulle aided by Puerto Rico, United States and the UK conquers Vichy and sets direction toward Paris. In December 1942, Franco's regime fell and the brother of the King of Puerto Rico took provisionally the power, and ordered a referendum to the Spanish people about which kind of government they wanted. Monarchy won, and the King's brother, Carlos Luis I de Borbón became King, to the side of the Allies.
Italy was invaded in January 1943, and Mussolini made prisoner in Rome. The citizens became angry with him for making their country involved in war and leading it to ruin, so they hanged him of a electric post in Rome.
France was reconquered now in 1943, instead of 1944, and Berlin was invaded by US-UK-Puerto Rican troops instead of Soviets, who focused on Japan. The Führer committed suicide with his now-wife, Eva Braun. Germany was divided in three sectors until 1961, when the German Federation came to be.
Japan was defeated by US and Soviet forces, but without all the humiliation and deaths like of Hiroshima. Japan changed to a Parliamentary Monarchy.
World War II was ended in November 16th, 1943, costing the life to 32,000 Puerto Ricans.
After winning World War II, Puerto Rico went to San Francisco Conference, and signed a declaration that established a United Nations organisation. Immediately the Headquarters began to be sought, and found place in New York, where the General Assembly would be constructed. Meanwhile, the General Assembly stayed in San Juan - that is for one year.
After World War II, Puerto Rico saw an economic boom that made it advance further in Economics and in research. By this time, the prestigious labs on the University of Puerto Rico discovered the DNA and began researching on genetics. At the same time, Puerto Rican government started using an intranet system, that was then used also by the US government, that led to Internet.
Diplomatic relations with European countries went almost stagnant except with Spain, UK and France. Puerto Rico focused its attention on Latin American countries, making treaties with Venezuela for cheap oil, strengthening relations with Cuba, specially after 1959 Socialist Revolution led by Castro, México and Chile (until 1973). US relations plummeted deeply when US tried to invade Cuba in Cochino Bay incident, and when US invaded openly Vietnam, when the Cold War almost turned nuclear.
Puerto Rico after World War II saw a sharp rise of population, from 2.7 million in 1950 to 5.2 million in 1975, that is, the population doubled in 25 years. Reasons are that the rising economy of the country, the low infant mortality rate, upgrades to healthcare in the nation and a rise in life expectancy from 50 to 79.2 years weren't averted by the population that continued growing to its natural level. Also, the rise of economy maintained many people who would had, otherwise, gone to New York, Boston or other American cities.
The city of San Juan was the major grower and saw many high-rises, four of them ending as World's Top 20 Buildings.
The economy of the island, fueled by the momentum of war production, and the cheap oil received from Venezuela diversified now and made itself more and more complex (from manufacture to genetic research.) Research in this time created new necessities, new weapons, and new solutions to problems as pollution and garbage disposal. The economy jumped from 30 billion dollars a year in production in 1950's to 97 billion by 1963, and up to 159 billion dollars in 1975.
Puerto Rico exported technology, such as radio, TV sets, cars, and some guvernment computers. By 1980, Puerto Rico researchers finally made computers much smaller and attractive to middle class people by helping them in taxation, homework and general information. Thus, general usage of PC was received earlier in Puerto Rico. The government by early 1990's also made laws of Public Internet. By the year 2010, Puerto Rico had 1.3 computers by home, and every single one was with internet, public or private company.
The island came to compete with Japan and USA in technology until today's date.
Small Archipelago, Big Union
The group of islands that make up the Kingdom are 421, mostly quays. The main island has most of the cities and districts. After World War II, an economical spur gained momentum. The island gained respect internationally after helping to shorten war significantly. Its armies were source of pride and nationalism in the island, and some envy from other nations.
Puerto Rico started modifying its political system, from a parliamentary monarchy with an almost symbolic monarch, the reforms added real powers to the king, and also responsibilities, as being the Commander-in-Chief. Elections will be explained further in the Political Area.
In 1961, the term of control of Puerto Rico over the parted Germany ended, and its section reunited with UK-administered section.
Puerto Rico also started building a block of countries known as the Iberoamerican Economical Community (IEC) in 1976. The Economical Community was bound by treaties among its member states that opened borders for trading. Also, the countries elected an Economic Comision to lead the poorest ones to development by aiding them with state-donated funds. The IEC quickly broadened the horizons of the nations in terms of economy. Puerto Rico and Spain aided with teachers and medical services the most inhospitable areas of some countries in order to alphabetise the poor populations and give them more chances against tropical diseases.
The IEC eventually started to encompass other functions, such as cultural, military, and technological interchanges, followed up with alliances and other political treaties were signed by the members. By 1991, at the fall of the URSS, the IEC had evolved now to the Ibero-american Union, encompassing 679,000,000 people united by two common languages: Spanish and Portuguese. A Constitution was elaborated and ratified by the 23 member states, organising now officially the Ibero-american Union with a Parliament, a Prime Minister and a President.
More than a Confederacy and less than a Federation, it helped to shorten the differences among most Latin American states with the Kingdom and the Iberian Kingdoms.
The Ibero-american Parliament is headquartered in San Juan, and it has 790 seats. The Presidency is headquartered in México City and the Prime Minister office in Madrid.
There is a unique currency project on the Parliament, and if ratified, the Union will share the same currency, the Iberlat.
Independence of Morocco
Morocco remained controlled by Spain (south) and Puerto Rico (north) since 1942, the end of the war. Back then, Spanish troops helped Puerto Ricans by foiling an attack by Germany.
The northern section was given autonomic powers, but annexed by Puerto Rico. The southern one was kept rather uninhabited (only 23.000 people, half of them being Spanish-troops) and without many rights nor economic aid. By 1970, the native population had multiplied to 58.000 and had grown tired of the neo-colonial rule. Spain answered by sending troops and settlers to the coastal areas to search for oil.
Some scattered incidents happened between Spanish and natives, but in the months of December 1972 - April 1973 it grew to general unrest. A drunk recruit opened fire against a family, killing them. Unrest grew further when instead of defending them the natives, troops aided the drunken soldier.
During the last years of the economic boom, in the turbulent year of 1973, Morocco saw an increase of insurgency, specially in the south-eastern areas. The incidents were marked by violent protests and clashes with authority figures. During the first month, 1437 people were wounded in clashes. But as time passed, the violence became generalised. At the third month of the riots, in June, suicide car-bombs were used against Spanish and Puerto Rican bases, killing 17 Spanish and 23 Puerto Ticans.
Puerto Rico immediately withdrew from northern Morocco and gave it finally independence, only staying with two cities: Ceuta and Melilla. Meanwhile, Southern Morocco fell to civil war. For three months, Spanish troops fought. In Spain protests emerged and finally the Prime Minister ordered the troops to retire from the region and declared it independent.
Southern and Northern Morocco merged in 1975. The Kingdom of Morocco came to be recognised by the United Nations by 1976. The Ibero-american Union has an special relation with the Kingdom, not being a member, but having some rights as an observer and some treaties with some Union members. Morocco is one of the richest nations of Africa by these treaties. The coastal areas of the north are enjoyed as a tourist area.
1999 Autonomic Laws
During 1987-1998, some protests broke in the provinces of Ponce and Islas Výrgenes/Islas Vírgenes for more autonomy. Ponce citizens called for more economical rights, like deciding more to whom they made treaties, and to decide totally about the economical constructions made by them, such as ports, touristic attractions, and airports. Also, they wanted the ability of choosing their tributary levels. Islas Výrgenes wanted that and also, rights for controlling the borders first-hand. Many people from the other Smaller Antilles had come in raising numbers since 1980s, when the region developed strongly in the economical part. Also, the wanted to preserve their dialect.
In July 23rd, 1999, after massive protests with one million people in the streets of Ponce and San Martýn (combined), the King took action and asked for elections in both provinces. The new governments reunited with the King Juan Carlos I de Borbón. After hearing both governments issues, the King proposes a referendum in the provinces. The Parliament accepted and in August 17th two referendums took place in the provinces with the options 'No Change' and 'Autonomy'. In Ponce the 2nd row is voted with 87.6% and in Islas Výrgenes by 92.88%.
The King issued to the Parliament two projects of law giving the rights. They passed unanimously in August 20th. Celebrations erupted in Ponce and Islas Výrgenes.
In February 18th 2000, the now very old king, Juan Carlos I de Borbón died in his sleep at age 87. The country mourned his passing.
Felipe de Borbón y Grecia was then crowned in a solemn activity becoming the King Felipe I de Borbón y Grecia.
Government and Politics
The Government of el Reino de Puerto Rico e Islas Vírgenes is quite sui generis on any context. There is a King/Queen with real power (such as submitting laws or making decrees), although most of the power is vested in the Parliament leaded by a chosen Prime Minister.
Puerto Rico is divided in eight provinces, San Juan, Arecibo, Mayagüez, Ponce, Caguas, Humacao (or Fajardo), Vieques-Culebra, and Islas Výrgenes.
The Parliament is divided in the House of Lords (Lords, Noblemen, Royalty, Princes...) and House of Commons (92 members elected by representation).
The election occurs every two years for a half of the House of Commons (Cámara de los Comunes).
The Political Parties (with results in last election) are:
- Partido Renacimiento Patriótico (Right-wing) [29.7%]
- Partido Liberal (Left-wing) [12,3%]
- Partido Monarquista (Center-right) [53,1%]
- Partido Republicano (pro-Republic party) [1,2% - not enough for inscription]
Independent candidates- 3,8%.
The Monarchist Puerto Rican Party leads the House of Commons [and the Prime Ministry], with high approval ratings up to 70%.
The Military of the Kingdom of Puerto Rico is divided into several branches. The King is the commander-in-chief:
- Royal Puerto Rican Army
- Royal Puerto Rican Navy
- Royal Puerto Rican Air Force
- Royal Puerto Rican Marine Corps
The Royal Puerto Rican Army (RPA), is currently made up of a force of 100,000 active troops. 1/3 of which are conscripted, while the rest are professional volunteers. Puerto Rico decided to slowly phase out conscription in 1989. Currently, an all professional force is expected by 2014. The Army itself is divided into the National Army (100,000 troops), the Royal Army Reserve (75,000 troops) and the Provincial Guards of each province (120,000 troops total).
The Army can be called for immediate service, but this hasn't happened since 1973. The RPA focuses on Guerrilla warfare and anti-nuclear and anti-insurgency tactics, having some of the world's most advanced vehicles and equipment.
The Royal Puerto Rican Navy (RPN) is the senior service of the armed forces. Currently, the navy is made up of 275 ships and 1000 aircraft.