20th Century History
With the survival of Alexander, the Greeks eventually win the Greco-Turkish war of 1919-1922. This war exhausted Greece almost to breaking point, only the popularity of the Greek king coupled with the victory over Turkey maintained a stable Greek government. For the remainder of the 1920's and 1930's Greece would struggle by, with poverty across the kingdom.
Alexander managed to retain his crown in the 1930's even though the Communist Party began gaining large support throughout Greece. With the outbreak of war in 1930, Alexander sided Greece with the Allies and with the German invasion in 1941 Alexander was reluctant to flee. Firstly moving to Crete and then to Egypt, the king maintained a close eye on Greece, making regular broadcasts over the radio. The king would not live to see Greek freedom restored and was succeeded by his younger brother, Paul, who had been his heir apparent since the death of Alexander's only son in 1937.
Paul presided over a period of improvement and he moved the Greek capital from Athens to the old Imperial Capital of Constantinople in 1949. During the 1950's Greece saw a burst of economic prosperity but also had to live through a period of civil instability as the communists in the 50's tried to take over Greece. The stable government offered by first Alexander and then Paul however had given the Greeks little taste for civil unrest and the Communist uprising failed.
Later in the 1960's the far more dangerous Colonel's Coup proved more successful driving Paul into brief exile. By 1963 Paul had returned to Greece in a private capacity and with his death in 1964 public grief threatened to topple the Colonels from power. As a result they returned Paul's son to the throne as Constantine II. The new king has been largely unpopular throughout his reign, but he did succeed in ousting the Colonels in a counter-coup in 1967 and has managed to keep a hold of the Royal Throne, although he has lost large segments of the Royal Perogative to the Greek Parliament.
In the early 1970's, public grief at the death of Paul had waned with Constantine growing to be an increasingly unpopular monarch. Elements of the Colonels Regime had remained in government and it was these elements that encouraged the Cypriot coup resulting in the Turko-Cypriot war of 1974. Constantine here saw a chance to improve his popularity and again with Welsh support (both in the UN and militarily) the Greek armed forces supported the Cypriots and in the ensuing 2 year war managed to defeat again the Turkish state. The result of the war was to see Cyprus vote to join the mainland against British wishes, who however were able to retain the two sovereign bases on the island. This move cemented both Constantine and his dynasty on the Greek throne. One important lesson learned however was to remove more of the Crown's powers to Parliament to prevent accusations of interference in the political state.