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- This article is about the historical state.
The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state in western Europe, with its origins in the 10th century. The Kingdom occupied the southern portion of the island of Great Britain, including modern-day England, Wales, portions of Ireland, and by the early 1600s, inherited the Lower Netherlands. The kingdom shared a border with Scotland to the north, but otherwise was surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean.
England was the first nation to colonize the New World, establishing settlements in southern Borealia in OTL Mexico. The Kingdom witnessed the change of several dynasties over the centuries, including the Plantagenet, Tudors, Habsburgs, and many others.
- For history until 1500, see Kingdom of England
Coats of Arms
England's coat of arms changed over the ages, based on the dynasties, political situations, and national statuses. A notable aspect of the coat of arms is that it usually contained the French fleur-de-lis beside the English lions, as a statement that England "rightfully claimed" the French kingdom through lineage. When the Habsburgs came to power in England with the ascension of Henry X, the red Habsburg lion was added as a symbol of the dynasty, and the symbol of Ireland was added to show the country's lordship over the island.