Königreich Bayern
Kingdom of Bavaria
State of the Confederation of the Rhine
State of the German Confederation
State of the German Empire
Electoral Standard of Bavaria (1623-1806).png
Flag of Baden.png
1806–1990 Flag of Bavaria (lozengy).svg
Flag of Bavaria (striped).svg Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Bavaria.png
Flag Coat of arms
CV Map-DR-Bavaria 1918-1934.png
The Kingdom of Bavaria (red) within the German Empire, after World War I
Capital Munich
Official language German
Religion Evangelical
Roman Catholic
Government Constitutional monarchy
 - 1806–1825 Maximilian I Joseph
 - 1955–1990 Albrecht I
 - 1806–1817 Maximilian von Montgelas
 - 1988–1990 Max Streibl
Legislature Landtag
 - Upper house Herrenhaus
 - Lower house Abgeordnetenhaus
Historical era Napoleonic Wars, New Imperialism, World War I, Interwar period, World War II, Cold War
 - Established 1 January 1806
 - Treaty of Pressburg 26 December 1805
 - Unification of Germany 18 January 1871
 - Gleichschaltung 27 February 1933
 - Berg declaration 10 November 1990

The Kingdom of Bavaria (German: Königreich Bayern) was a German state that existed from 1806 to 1990. The Bavarian Elector Maximilian IV Joseph of the House of Wittelsbach became the first King of Bavaria in 1806 as Maximilian I Joseph. The monarchy would remain held by the Wittelsbachs until the kingdom's dissolution in 1990. Most of Bavaria's modern-day borders were established after 1814 with the Treaty of Paris, in which Bavaria ceded Tyrol and Vorarlberg to the Austrian Empire while receiving Aschaffenburg and parts of Hesse-Darmstadt. As a state within the German Empire, the kingdom was second in size only to the Kingdom of Prussia. Since the unification of Germany in 1871, Bavaria has remained part of Germany.

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