City of Kidapawan
Kuta Tidapawan (Maguindanaon)
Dakbayan sa Kidapawan (Cebuano)
Lungsod ng Kidapawan (Filipino)
Kota Kidapawan (Malay)
—  Component City  —
Kidapawan Montage.png
From left to right: Palace of Sultan Kiram, Kidapawan City Hall, Great Mosque of Kota Batu, Mount Apo, Amal Waterfall, Catheral of Kidapawan
 - Mayor Datim Tarhata Kiram
 - Vice Mayor Datu Nasser Kiram
 - District Representative Datu Al Rachid Kiram
 - Total 125,547
 - Languages Maguindanaon, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Malay, Filipino, English, Chavacano
Kidapawan, officially the City of Kidapawan (Maguindanaon: Kuta Tidapawan, Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Kidapawan, Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa sang Kidapawan; Filipino: Lungsod ng Kidapawan, Malay: Kota Kidapawan, Spanish: Ciudad de Kidapawan) or often referred to as simply Kidapawan City, is a city in the Philippine island of Mindanao, and serves as the capital city of Kota Batu Province. Located at the foot of Mount Apo, it is a popular destination from late October to December and in the summer, when thousands of tourists climb the country's highest mountain.

Islam is currently the predominant religion practiced in Kidapawan, accounting for approximately 57.4%. However, many of the Muslims practice Folk Islam, adopting pagan and pre-Islamic cultural traditions from the Lumad peoples of the hills. The others are Christian, who form a large minority, approximately 40.4%, mostly Roman Catholic with Protestant, Methodist, Iglesia ni Kristo and Evangelical practioners.

Most inhabitants of Kidapawan speak Maguindanaon language, forming a large overwhelming majority of the Moro Muslim population. Of the other languages, Cebuano and Hiligaynon are the most-spoken of the Christian settlers and their descendants. Filipino, English and Malay are also spoken as lingua francas. 

The city's leaders belong to the prominent Kiram family, and are descendants of Sultan Omar Kiram. Though essentially most of them are of Maguindanaon-speaking background, they contain a mix of Tausūg, Maguindanaon and Maranaon descent in their family roots.

Kidapawan is known for the Apo Festival, celebrated by all locals of the city, regardless of faith. Thousands of people camp and gather at the foot of Mount Apo, feasting, dancing - praying to the God of Fire to spare the peoples of the city from the wrath of eruption. However the practice of praying to the God of Fire is rather archaic and diminishing, as most of the people celebrating are either Muslim or Christian. Instead, those partaking in the celebration usually pray to their respective deities. For example, the Muslims pray in the direction of Mecca to Allah, since it is haram to worship pagan dieties, or just do not pray in general to avoid partaking in worship of pagan origin. The Roman Catholics and Christians venerate images of Jesus or Mother Mary in the direction of the mountain's peek.