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Khazaria
Eastern Tourkia
Timeline: Saint Muhammad
Preceded by 448-763 (independent)
763-??? (vassal of the Sassanids)
Succeeded by
Gökturk Confederation
Flag of Georgia First Iberian Kingdom
??? (Finnic Empire?)
 Flag of Georgia Second Iberian Kingdom
Capital Balanjar
Largest city Balanjar
Language
  official
 
Khazar, Hebrew
  others Georgian, Armenian, Greek, Uralic, Slavic
Religion
  main
 
Judaism
  others Christianity, Zoroastrianism
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Turkic
  others European
Demonym Antioquian
Government Semi-nomadic Monarchy
  legislature tribal monarchs
Area area km²
Population population 
Currency bartering, Byzantine Solidus

The Khazar Empire was a semi-nomadic confederation of states that appeared in the early fifth century in the northern caucasus near to the Uralic Urheimat in the Volga River. Speaking a Turkic language, they annexed a large part of the Caucasus and the Aral area (including the civilised Kingdom of Iberia) before collapsing to Mordvin and Persian troops, losing much land to the Mordvins in the north and to a new kingdom of Iberia before becoming a Sassanid vassal. The Empire was notable for its early conversion to Judaism.