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The Republic of Khartoum (also Al Khartum) (Arabic: الخرطوم) was one of the 26 wilayat or states of Sudan. It has an area of 22,122 sq km and an estimated population of approximately 4,400,000 (2000). Khartoum, the former national capital of Sudan, is the capital of Khartoum.
For the most part, the Khartoumese are neutral in the affairs of the other Sudanese nation-states. They maintain at least polite relations with most of them, and relations were considerably improved after the Khartoumese renounced their claims to the rest of the former nation of Sudan.