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|Photo of Karl Liebknecht.|
Karl Liebknecht was a German Communist and terrorist. Along with Rosa Luxemborg, he founded the Spartakusbund, a Berlin underground group that became the Communist Party of Germany.
Born in Leipzig in 1871, Karl grew up during the years when the Anti-Socialist Law was in force against his father’s Socialist Labor Party (which became the Social Democratic Party in 1891). With financial help from the party, he studied law and political economy, first at Leipzig and then at Berlin, where he earned his doctor’s degree. He became an ardent Marxist
In 1904, at a trial at Königsberg, he defended landless peasants accused of smuggling socialist propaganda into the Russian Empire.