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Karel Schwarzenberg (Munich Goes Sour)

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Karel Schwarzenberg
Karel Schwarzenberg (President) (MGS).jpg
11th President of Czechoslovakia
Assumed office
22 October 2007
Prime Minister Miroslav Kalousek
Robert Fico
Preceded by Jiří Dienstbier
Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia
In office
7 April 1997 – 6 October 2003
Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek
Preceded by Jan Kavan
Succeeded by Jan Kohout
24th Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
In office
President Alexander Dubček
Preceded by Miloslav Rechcígl Jr.
Succeeded by Jiří Dienstbier
Personal details
Born December 10, 1937 (1937-12-10) (age 78)
Czechoslovakia Prague, Czechoslovakia
Nationality Czech
Political party Czechoslovak People's Party
Spouse(s) Therese Hardegg
Children Johannes
Alma mater University of Vienna
University of Graz
University of Munich
Religion Roman Catholicism

Karel Schwarzenberg (or Karel, Prince of Schwarzenberg, in German: Karl Johannes Nepomuk Josef Norbert Friedrich Antonius Wratislaw Menas Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, in Czech: Karel Jan Nepomucký Josef Norbert Bedřich Antonín Vratislav Menas kníže ze Schwarzenberga), 12th Prince Schwarzenberg (First Majorat) and 7th Prince Schwarzenberg (Second Majorat), Duke of Krumlov born 10 December 1937) is a Czech politician who currently serves as the 11th President of Czechoslovakia, in office since 22 October 2007. Previously he served as the Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia from 1987 to 1991.

Schwarzenberg has been the head of the House of Schwarzenberg, a formerly leading family of the Habsburg realm, since 1979. He is a relative of Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg, a leading statesman of the Austrian Empire.

Background, education and personal life

The House of Schwarzenberg originates in Franconia, where the family still owns substantial property, but made Bohemia their primary seat in the 17th century, also maintaining residences in Vienna. The family had possessed fiefdoms in Bohemia as far back as the Middle Ages; it was one of the richest noble families of Bohemia and Austria-Hungary, and one of the largest land owners of Bohemia.

Karel Schwarzenberg is the eldest son of Prince Karel VI of Schwarzenberg of the junior line (Second Majorat of the House of Schwarzenberg), and Princess Antonie von Fürstenberg. He is the 1,322nd Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece of Austria. He is first cousin of Ira and Egon von Fürstenberg and second cousin of Rainier III, Prince of Monaco. By tradition, he holds the style of Serene Highness (German: Durchlaucht). Schwarzenberg was born in Prague and his family spoke both German and Czech. He is known today for his "slightly archaic and often earthy Czech." He studied law and forestry at the universities of Vienna, Munich and Graz. He has two sisters, Marie Eleonore von Bredow (born 1936) and Dr. Anna Maria Freifrau von Haxthausen (born 1946), and one brother, Dr. rer. oec. Friedrich Prinz zu Schwarzenberg (born 1940).

On 22 April 1967, in Seefeld, Schwarzenberg married Countess Therese zu Hardegg (b. Vienna, 17 February 1940). The marriage bore three children:

  • Johannes Nepomucenus Andreas Heinrich Joseph Karl Ferdinand Johannes Evangelist die Heiligen Drei Könige Achaz Michael Maria, Hereditary Prince of Schwarzenberg (b. Vienna, 13 December 1967), married on 20 March 2010 Diana Orgovanyi-Hanstein, granddaughter of Baroness Maximiliane von Berg and second cousin once removed of Francesca von Habsburg-Lothringen.
  • Princess Anna Carolina Antoinette Elisabeth Theresia Olga Adelheid Maria of Schwarzenberg (b. Vienna, 16 December 1968), married civilly in London on 28 July 1997 and religiously at Murau on 6 September 1997 Peter Morgan (b. Wimbledon, London, 10 April 1963), son of Arthur Morgan and wife Inga.
  • Prince Karl Philipp Ernst Ferdinand Alwig Kilian of Schwarzenberg (b. Vienna, 12 May 1979). Adopted by Austrian industrialist and politician Thomas Prinzhorn by agreement 25 November 1987. [13] Married at Altaussee on 3 October 2009 to Countess Anna Elisabeth Aline Henriette Maria Benedikta Stephanie Johanna Lidvine Walpurga Thekla von und zu Eltz.

Political career



See also

Government offices
Preceded by:
Jiří Dienstbier
President of Czechoslovakia
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
Jan Kavan
Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia
Succeeded by:
Jan Kohout
Preceded by:
Miloslav Rechcígl Jr.
Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
Succeeded by:
Jiří Dienstbier
Party political offices
Preceded by:
František Toman
Chairman of the Czechoslovak People's Party
Succeeded by:
Josef Lux

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