Kambujadesa is a constitutional, federal, presidential republic, it was an absolute monarchy until October 2017 when the National Congress voted to abolish the monarchy in the wake of a constitutional crisis. The capital and most populous city is Angkor.
According to legend, Cambodia was founded by Queen Soma, the first Monarch of Kambujadesa. Kambujadesa itself was founded in 802, when Jayavarman II declared himself Devaraja. Through the decades, Kambujadesa continued to slowly expand itself. Reaching its golden age under the rule of Suryavarman II, Kambujadesa came to control all of Southeast Asia, and with the merger of the empire with Majapahit; it became the sole nation in Southeast Asia. Over the centuries the nation continued to grow in power, and quickly industrialized after China's rapid revolution. Eventually, Kambujadesa was considered both a military and economic superpower. The Earth Empire's invasion of the nation dealt a large blow to its economy, however.
In 2017, tensions in Nusantara escalated, with nationwide protests in favor of independence occurring in hundreds of cities. On 4 October 2017, an independence referendum was held in all provinces of Nusantara, without the approval of the Khmer government, in which the Nusantaran people voted in favor of independence. Immediately after the results were announced, Suryana Mandira, Chairwoman of the Nusantaran Independence Alliance, announced the Declaration of Independence, in which Nusantara declared independence from Kambujadesa. The nation has been in a constitutional crisis since the event, ultimately culminating in the abolition of the monarchy after Chakravarman I attempted to seize power and abolish the Congress.
The official name of Kambujadesa is Republic of Kambujadesa, it was formerly called Great Empire of Kampuchea until the monarchy was abolished in 2017. In English it is commonly referred to as "Cambodia". Formerly it was also known as Kamboja (from which the English term Cambodia is derived) and Kambujadesa (land of Kamboja, Khmer: កម្ពុជាដិសា). It was once also called "The Joint Empire of Kambujadesa and Majapahit", mainly during the 15th and 16th centuries AD.
Kambujadesa is an constitutional, federal, presidential republic since October 2017, ending its more than 2000-year old monarchy. The National Congress elected Sophea Chanrith as the nation's first President.
Kambujadesa has an unicameral parliament, which is the National Congress, who are the de facto legeslative and executive branch of Kambujadesa, as the Emperor rarely exercises his powers. Theoretically, the Congress could approve a bill which would depose the Emperor, or abolish the monarchy; though it is unknown if the Emperor's say on this matter would overrule this.
Kambujadesa has an established structure of foreign relations. Kambujadesa is a member of the United Nations, and holds a permanent seat on its Security-Council. All sovereign states have established relations with Kambujadesa and maintain their respective embassies in Angkor.
Kambujadesa is considered a superpower, and has the ability to project its influence and power on a global scale. Kambujadesa has acces to nuclear weapons, and has signed the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty.
Kambujadesa is a relatively progressive nation, though some traditionalist laws remain in practice. Polygamy has never been illegal, both men and woman are allowed to take multiple spouses, though less than 0.1% of the population reports to do this. Some of Kambujadesa's most controversial laws are the approval of the use of torture in life-threatening situations, and the legality of organ trade. The legality of organ trade, however, has ensured that waiting lists for organ donations are very short, and sometimes non-existent.
The latest census in Kambujadesa, dating from December 2015, counted approximately 712,000,000 people, which makes it the second most populous nation in the world. Kambujadesa is highly urbanized, more than 74% of the nation's population live in cities or towns. The fertility rate is 2.05, slightly above the replacement rate. The nation has a population growth rate of 0.1%.
Kambujadesa has more than 20 cities with a population of more than 5 million. Angkor is the largest city in the empire, as well as one of the largest in the world.
| Largest cities of Kambujadesa |
|3||Kota Seludong||North Maharlika||18,452,745|
|Affiliation||% of the population|
|Refused to answer||0.5|| |
Kambujadesa is predominantly Hindu, with a Buddhist minority. Some provinces, such as Upper and Lower Myanmar, have a Buddhist population nearly equal to the Hindu population. A significant and rising minority are irreligious, numbering about 15% of the national population, and each year, more people report to be irreligious, atheist, apatheist, agnostic, or a combination of all of the former.
Hinduism became the religion of Cambodia and surroundings around 0 AD, while the various kingdoms in Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam embraced Buddhism. Buddhism has been declining through the centuries, with each century reporting a decline of 4% each century. Irreligion was introduced to the nation after the Enlightenment, and is one of the strongest growing minority groups.
A survey conducted on 5,000 people, showed that 60% thought religion was an important part of their, 35% though religion was not important at all, and 5% refused to answer.
Administrative divisionsKambujadesa is is divided into 16 first level administrative divisions, which are called provinces/states. Each province is subdivided into several districts, which are divided into municipalities. Each province is governed by a democratically elected official, called a President. Brunei is the sole exception to this rule, which is governed by a hereditary monarch, the Maharaja of Brunei.
Varah Vishnulok, officially Sacred Grand Temple of Vishnu is the largest Khmer temple and the largest religious building on Earth. It is the crown jewel of the Khmer Architecture. It was built by Emperor Suryavarman II in honor of the god Vishnu and as his burial place. Today it's a National Shrine visited by many tourists. Only priests and the Imperial Family may enter the temple, except on August 23, Suryavarman II's birthday, then everyone may enter it. The Inner Sanctum, the Holy of Holies, the centre of Kambujadesa is only accessible to the Emperor and Empress where they pray once a year to the Gods for continuing prosperity in the empire. Entering the Inner Sanctum is sacrilege and the penalty is life imprisonment.
Khmer sculpture refers to the stone sculpture of Kambujadesa, which rules mainland South East Asia, from the 9th century. The most celebrated examples are found in Angkor, which serves as the seat of the empire. By the 7th century, Khmer sculpture begins to drift away from its Hindu influences – pre-Gupta for the Buddhist figures, Pallava for the Hindu figures – and through constant stylistic evolution, it comes to develop its own originality, which by the tenth century can be considered complete and absolute. Khmer sculpture soon goes beyond religious representation, which becomes almost a pretext in order to portray court figures in the guise of gods and goddesses. But furthermore, it also comes to constitute a means and end in itself for the execution of stylistic refinement, like a kind of testing ground. We have already seen how the social context of the Khmer kingdom provides a second key to understanding this art. But we can also imagine that on a more exclusive level, small groups of intellectuals and artists were at work, competing among themselves in mastery and refinement as they pursued a hypothetical perfection of style. The gods we find in Khmer sculpture are those of the two great religions of India, Buddhism and Hinduism. Priests supervised the execution of the works, attested to in the high iconographic precision of the sculptures. Nonetheless, unlike those Hindu images which repeat an idealized stereotype, these images are treated with great realism and originality because they depict living models: the king and his court. The true social function of Khmer art was, in fact, the glorification of the aristocracy through these images of the gods embodied in the princes. In fact, the cult of the “deva-raja” required the development of an eminently aristocratic art in which the people were supposed to see the tangible proof of the sovereign’s divinity, while the aristocracy took pleasure in seeing itself – if, it’s true, in idealized form – immortalized in the splendour of intricate adornments, elegant dresses and extravagant jewelry. The sculptures are images of a gods, royal and imposing presences with feminine sensuality, giving impressions of figures at the courts with considerable power. The artists who sculpted the stones doubtless satisfied the primary objectives and requisites demanded by the persons who commissioned them. The sculptures represent the chosen divinity in the orthodox manner and succeeds in portraying, with great skill and expertise, high figures of the courts in all of their splendour, in the attire, adornments and jewelry of a sophisticated beauty. But if we go beyond this initial impression, we can pause to observe some of the details of the sculptures, such as the double arc drawn by the eyebrows on the foreheads, evoked below by the wisely sketched curve of the noses and farther down, by the double arc which masterfully outlines the lips and the double chin. Following a hypothetical vertical line down still farther, we find another double arc outlining the breasts, and then, continuing down from the waist all along the skirts and ending in the ankles, we find almost at the bottom, a twisted double arc intended to represent the other side of the skirts. This detail serves, above all, to eliminate a certain hieratic fixedness, which was relatively common in the Khmer statues of lesser quality.
Cambodian Dance can be divided into three main categories: classical dance, folk dances, and vernacular dances.Khmer classical dance is a form of Cambodian dance originally performed only for royalty. The dances have many elements in common with Thai classical dance. During the mid-20th century, it was introduced to the public where it now remains a celebrated icon of Khmer culture, often being performed during public events, holidays, and for tourists visiting Cambodia.this classical Dance is famous for its using of hands and feet to express emotion which known as there are 4000 different gestures in this type of dance. Provided as repeating a golden age in 1960s, Khmer Classical Dance which know as The Royal Ballet of Cambodia after select as UNESCO's Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, has led one of its dance to be an outstanding dance of all for culture and society. Reamker, a Khmer version of Indian, Ramayana had influenced strongly to Khmer classical dance. It involved in Khmer gesture, movement and story line. The dance that divided from Reamker Dance known as Robam Sovann Macha and Robam Moni Mekala. In fact, all of Dance reminded the audience of celestial dance which is an angel or Apsara in Sanskrit mythology in goal of bring the good luck and success to the viewer. The Classical dance is create by the heart of high art as the performer is decorated with themselves with a branches of jewellery. Apsara Dance, a Khmer dance that has survived since the Angkor Era, has been singled out to attract foreign tourists and to make the richness of Khmer culture known to the world. Apsara Dance was promoted by Princess Norodom Buppha Devi before the Khmer Rouge times and recently has received an award as one of the main symbols of Cambodia. Khmer folk dances, which are performed for audiences, are fast-paced. The movements and gestures are not as stylized as Khmer classical dance. Folk dancers wear clothes of the people they are portraying such as Chams, hill tribes, farmers, and peasants. The folk dance music is played by a mahori orchestra. Cambodian vernacular dances (or social dances) are those danced at social gatherings. Such dances include Romvong, Rom Kbach, Rom Saravan, and Lam Leav. Some of these dances have much influence from the traditional dances of Laos. But Rom Kbach, for example, take heavily from the classical dance of the royal court.